Das Buch der Deutschen in America: Pages 383 - 387



He was director of the German-American Seminary School in Detroit. He wrote Lyrical Leaves, etc. He is also a composer. Max Hempel, born in Dresden in 1868, left his homeland in 1881. He was a teacher in Omaha, Nebraska and St. Louis. He wrote The Life of a Turner (Gymnast). Hermann Ruhland, born in Grohnde in Hannover in 1833, came to America in 1863. He was a teacher in Chicago. He wrote Gleaning and other works.

Conrad Nies, who was born in Alzey in the year 1862 and left Germany in 1883, is without a doubt one of the most skilled lyricists in German-American poetry. He was an actor, traveler, teacher, contributor to newspapers and a successful recitationist. He wrote German-American Poetry, The Folk Fiddle, The Revenge of the Woodsman, which won an award. He wrote for Baltimore flower shows, etc. Philipp W. Bickel, born in Weinheim in 1839, emigrated in 1855 and returned to Germany in 1879. He wrote Chimes of the Homeland. Johannes Rudolf, born in Schreiberhau in 1853, left Germany in 1875 and became a pastor of the German Presbyterian congregation in Elizabeth, New Jersey. He wrote poetry. Emil Schneider was born in Mühlberg on the Elbe in 1835. He took part in the Schleswig-Holstein War in 1864. He left his homeland in 1874 and returned in 1886. He wrote, under the pseudonym E. Sartorius, The Word of Truth and many other works. August Johann Berens, born in Hamburg in 1843, came to America in 1877.

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Caption under picture at center reads Hermann Rosenthal


He was an Evangelical minister, who worked in Minnesota Lake, Minnesota, Washington, Missouri and Elmhurst, Illinois. He wrote Messages of Spring and other works. Pedro Ilgen, born in Wiesbaden in 1869, was a minister. He became a pastor in Highland, Illinois in 1889 and then in 1894 in St. Louis. He wrote On the Gulf of Mexico and many other works. Johann G. Eberhard, born in Bern in 1827, came to America in 1856, fought in the Civil War, and became a pastor in Wheeling, then St. Louis. He wrote Evening Bells and other works. F. W. Herzberger, born in Baltimore in 1859, was a pastor in Hammond, Indiana. He wrote German Honor Around Our Country and other works. Gottlieb C. Berkemeier, born in Pittsburgh, was a minister, who became director of the Wartburg Orphanage in Mount Vernon, New York in 1885. He wrote poetry. F. W. A. Liefeld, born in Ludwigsfelde in 1831, emigrated in 1866. He was a pastor in Lynnville, Indiana. He wrote The Harvest Wreath and other works. Carl H. Rohe, born in Syracuse in 1846, was a pastor in Joliet, Illinois, Detroit, Michigan, and Columbus, Ohio. He was editor of the Lutheran Church News. He wrote Morning Bells and other works. L. H. Stepler, born in Maar, Hessen in 1841, came to America in 1856. He was pastor to the 2 German-Reform congregations in Cleveland, Ohio. He wrote Freedom, Equality and Brotherhood and a poem on animals. Ferdinand Schreiber, born in Marburg in 1831, left Germany in 1856. He was a Catholic priest in Havana, Illinois. He wrote Chimes from Rome and other works. Wilhelm Färber, born in Sonneborn near Elberstadt in 1841, came to America in 1863. He was a pastor in St. Louis. He died April 18, 1905. He wrote Fall Flowers.

Eugen Funcken, 1831 - 1889, came as an apostolic missionary to America. He was founder of the large German orphanage in St. Agatha, Ontario, Canada, where he died. He wrote poetry and other works. Ferdinand Hundt born in Attendorn, Westphalia in 1835, left the homeland in 1859. He was a priest in Richmond, Indiana. He wrote Songs of May and other works. Alexander Berghold, born in St. Margarethen, Steiermark in 1838, came to America in 1864. He was a priest in Belle Plaine, founder of a Catholic congregation in New Ulm and then in St. Paul. He wrote Indian Revenge or The Days of Terror in New Ulm, Prairie Roses and other works. Minna Kleeberg (1844 - 1878) from Elmshorn, came to America in 1866. She wrote poetry. Marie Raible, from Insingen, Württemberg, went to Alton, Illinois. She wrote German-America and other poems. Bella Fiebing (1832 - 1878), from Warmenau, Hannover, came to America in 1850. She was the wife of Justice of the Peace Fiebing in Milwaukee, She wrote poetry. Pauline Widermann, born in Stuttgart in 1839, came to America in 1840. She was the wife of August Widenmann of Ann Arbor, Michigan. She wrote Songs and Poems and other works. Fanny Gumpert (1809 - 82) from Bernburg, left Germany in 1856. Her poems appeared in newspapers in Philadelphia, where she lived. Dorothea Böttcher from Schwerin, came to America in 1876. She lived in Evanston, Illinois and then in Chicago as a teacher. She wrote The Lady Legacy Hunter and other works.

Heinrich Harbaugh, born in Wainsboro, Pennsylvania in 1817, was a gifted dialectical poet. He was a professor of theology at the Mercersberg Seminary (Pennsylvania). He died December 28, 1867. He wrote Harbaugh's Harp.

Heinrich Fischer, from Washington, Pennsylvania, was a dialectic poet like many others. He wrote Amusement and Passing Time, or Pennsylvania Folksongs and other works. Ferdinand W. Lafrenz, born in Fehmarn in 1859, emigrated in 1873. First he was a teacher in Chicago and then in Cheyanne, Wyoming and Ogden, Utah. He wrote Nordic Chimes and the preface to a work by Klaus Groth. Alfred Arnemann, born in Domaine Elbingen near Hannover in 1835, came to America in 1854. He was a teacher in Omaha, Nebraska. He wrote Evening Leisure. Carl Münter, born in Verchen in Pomerania in 1831, came to New Orleans in 1854. He was a pastor in Delaware, Ripley County and Indiana. He wrote The Ecumenical Council and other works. Wilhelm Diescher, born in Hamburg in 1844, emigrated in 1882. He was publisher of the Extra Post in Brooklyn, New York. He died in 1907. He wrote First Blossoms and other works. Nicolaus F. Butenschön, born at the beginning of the 1840s in Holstein, came as a young man to New York and died there in 1888. He wrote Our Mother Tongue.


Georg Asmus, born in Giessen in 1830, left the homeland in 1862, was a mining expert in New York. He wrote American Sketch Pads and many other works.

Johann Martin Bürckle, born in Plattenhardt, Württemberg in 1832, emigrated in 1859 to New Bremen, Ohio. He was editor of the Cousin from Swabia. He wrote Violets and many other works. Nicolaus Conner, born in Luxemburg in 1835, emigrated in 1835. He was editor of the Luxemburger Gazette in Dubuque, Iowa. He wrote Prairie Blossoms and other works.

Johann Baptiste Nau (1859 - 91) from Luxemburg, came to America in 1880. He wrote poetry. Nicolaus Eduard Becker, born in Wormeldingen in 1842, emigrated in 1854. He was a Justice of the Peace in Dubuque, Iowa. He wrote poetry. Bernhard Bellmann lived in the 1850s in Cincinnati. He wrote poetry. Carl Bundschu, born in Mannheim in 1842, emigrated. He operated a large wine business in San Francisco. He wrote poetry. Alexander Conze (1819 - 47) from Bückeburg, died in the Mexican War at the battle near Buena Vista. He wrote poetry.

Gustav Heerbrandt, born in 1819 in Ruetlingen. For participation in the Revolution of 1848 he received 7 months imprisonment in Hohen-Asperg. He came in 1850 to America. He was the founder of the Schwäbischen Wochenblatts [Swabian Weekly News] in New York in 1876. The paper was a great success. He died on May 26, 1896. He wrote Praise of the Swabians and other works. His brother Robert Heerbrandt, who also contributed to the Schwäbischen Wochenblatts, died on April 9, 1909.

Johann B. Hertzog, born in Bechtheim near Worms in 1831, emigrated in 1856 after studying in Giessen.

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Caption under picture at center reads Mrs. L. L. Leser, Philadelphia.


He was librarian for the German Society in Philadelphia, where he headed the German-American Night School as well as the long-time flourishing German-American School. He died on September 12, 1901. He wrote poetry, instruction books and many other works.

Father Bonaventura Hammer, a member of the Minorite Order, is a prominent spiritual poet. He worked in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Besides poetry he also wrote a drama, Columbus, biographies of the saints, religious treatises, etc. He was born in Durmersheim, Baden in 1842 and came 4 years later with this parents to America.

Ernst Otto Hopp, born in Abtshagen in Pomerania in 1841, came to America in 1866 and returned to the homeland in 1875. He wrote Under the Banner of Stars and many other works.

Franz L. Nagler, born in Mühldorf in Saxony in 1849, came as a child to America. He studied theology and was president of St. Paul's College of the Bishop's Methodist Church in St. Paul Park, Minnesota. He wrote Journey to Heaven and many other works.

Carl August Päth, born in Zemmin Pomerania, came to America in 1873. He was pastor of the Independent Evangelical Immanuel Church in Chicago. He wrote German Life Portraits and other works.

Heinrich Pfäfflin, born in Schweigern Württemberg in 1842, emigrated in 1866. First he was a teacher and then an editor of the Rochester Abendpost in Rochester, New York. He wrote poetry. Ernst Wilhelm Pieper (1828 - 93) from Löbegallen, East Prussia, took part in the war against Austria in 1866 as a militia officer. He emigrated in the Fall of 1866. For 16 years he was chief editor of Seebote in Milwaukee, where he died in 1893. He wrote poetry.

Johann Hermann R. Reffelt (1811 - 89) from Bramsche on the Hase, emigrated in 1856. He was a teacher in New York and Hoboken. He wrote Poetry.

Gertrude Bloede, pseudonym Stuart Sterne, was born in Dresden on August 10, 1845 and lived in America since 1850. She wrote in the English language. Especially well known is her novel The Story of Two Lives. She died in Brooklyn in 1905.

Lorenz Rohr, born in the Rhine Palatinate in 1846, came to America in 1869. First he was a teacher and then in 1884 chief editor of the Evansville Demokrat. He wrote poetry.

Heinrich Bosshard, the composer of Song of Sempach, which may be considered a precious pearl in the rich treasury of poetry of the Swiss people, was born in Bolstern in the Canton of Zürich on April 11, 1811. After graduating from the public school in his hometown he went to the teaching seminary in Küssnacht, where he prepared himself for the profession of educator of youth. Later for 17 years he was employed at the school in Schwamendingen. A disease of the lungs forced him to retire from teaching in 1849 and he received a yearly "princely" pension of 500 Francs. He took up bee-keeping but became discontent with the monotonous life and he was in possession of sufficient funds, so he traveled the breadth of the United States. The fruit of these excursions appear in his much-read travel letters. Even the exchanges, with which these travels are bound, led to a feeling of satiation and the desire for peace. America became his homeland and off from the streets of the busy multitudes and the trades in Highland, Illinois the law was there, as it was practiced then, to assure him of what he sought. He took up viniculture and bee-keeping. He died in April 1877. A monument was erected in Highland, Illinois to the poet of the Song of Sempach. Professor Albert Peter of St. Louis was the president of the monument committee. The unveiling took place on June 14, 1909.

Adolf Strodtmann (1829 - 79) from Flensburg, came to America in 1852. He was a book dealer in Philadelphia, then a journalist in New York and other cities.


He returned to the homeland in 1856. He died in Berlin. He was translator of American Anthology. He wrote poetry and many other works.

Carl August Türcke (1808 - 86) from Brandenburg, emigrated in 1858. He was a pastor in Cincinnati. He died in Chicago. He wrote poems, Germany's Liberation and dramas. Carl Ungar, born in Bonn in 1855, emigrated in 1877. He was a journalist in Chicago and St. Louis, where he was later a city official. He wrote poetry. Wilhelm Vocke, born in Prussian Minden in 1839, came to America in 1857, fought in the Civil War, was a journalist and then a lawyer in Chicago. He translated German poetry and he was an orator. He wrote Handbook of the Administration of Justice in the United States and poetry. Ludwig Willich, Baron from Pöllnitz, born in Darmstadt in 1840, first was an officer in the German army, then an officer in the Union Army. He was a journalist in Chicago and then St. Louis. He wrote poetry, etc. Wilhelm Apel, born in Elvershausen in 1860, has been in America since 1887. He has been a book printer, worked for Germania in Milwaukee, and has written poetry. August F. Augustin, born in Penzlin in 1863, came to America in 1884. He was a pastor in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. He wrote poetry.

Berthold A. Baer was born on March 3, 1867 in Bruchsal, Baden. He emigrated a few years ago to America. At first he settled in San Francisco and currently he lives in Philadelphia. He is a contributor to all the prominent humorous magazines and his stories and novellas have appeared in many German periodicals. He is editor of the German Department of the Philadelphia Press. Several of his poems have been set to music by the best composers.

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Caption under picture at center reads Dr. Gotthold August Neeff.


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Text provided by the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, Buffalo NY
Imaging and translation by Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks