Das Buch der Deutschen in America: Pages 800 - 804



1. The introduction of parcel post.

2. At the basic postage rate, raising the weigh limit on letters to four ounces.

3. Decreasing postage rates on international correspondence to Europe and South America as well as a decrease of rates in general.

A copy of this resolution will be sent to the Postmaster General.

Resolutions in the interest of maintaining forests:

Resolved, that each member of the National Alliance shall seek out his representatives in Congress and urge them to enact legal measures in the coming session of Congress.

Resolved, that we take the lead in recognizing our gratitude towards the American Forestry Association for its efforts in making people aware of this issue and we heartily recommend that the members of the National Alliance support this association in its efforts.

Resolved, to set up a committee, which shall attempt to establish and maintain friendly relations with other large national organizations.

In the interest of attracting women to the National Alliance, set up a standing committee whose task will be the following:

1. To give instruction on how large women's associations of this country have functioned in the past and have made a mark in both good and bad situations.

2. To come together with the state associatons to set up a subcommittee in each state to effect a union of the various women's associations throughout this country.

The most immediate tasks of these women's associations within the National German-American Alliance shall most likely be:

Cooperation in the introduction and maintenance of the German language within the family and the school.

Participation in measures to regulate women and children's working conditions.

Taking a position in all issues dealing with narrow-minded and outdated laws.

The next convention will be held in Cincinnati in 1909. After this the election of officers for the next two year period took place with the following results:
President - Dr. C. J. Hexamer
First Vice-President - Joseph Keller
Second Vice-President - John Tjarks
Third Vice-President - E. C. Stahl
Fourth Vice-President - I. D. Cappelmann
Secretary - Adolph Timm
Treasurer - Hans Weniger
Financial Secretary - John Yenny.

A Letter of Thanks from the Kaiser to the National Alliance

The German Kaiser responded to the telegram sent to him by the delegates at the convention of the National German-American Alliance at the Germanic Museum of Harvard University as follows:

To Dr. C. J. Hexamer, President of the National German-American Alliance, Philadelphia

I truly thank you for the friendly and patriotic greeting sent by the National German-American Alliance from the Germanic Museum at Harvard.
                           His Majesty, Wilhelm


The telegram, which the National Alliance sent to the Kaiser, was worded thusly:

The National German-American Alliance, assembled in the Germanic Museum at Harvard, sends its warmest greeting with the hope of a prosperous and long lasting friendship between the old and new fatherlands.
                           Dr. C. J. Hexamer, President.

The trip to Cambridge and the Germanic Museum at Harvard was made possible by the generosity of Mr. Hearst. The delegates were his guests. The reception in Harvard was thoroughly pleasant.

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Dr. C.J. Hexamer,
Flag Bearer of the German Community and President of the
National German-American Alliance.

On May 9, 1909 a citizen completed his 47th year of life. Dr. C. J. Hexamer is a man who may rightly be called the flag bearer of America's German community. He was born in Philadelphia, the son of a man, who in his youth played a role in the freedom movement in Germany and in his native land of Baden. His father was a man of noble character and fervent ideals. His mother gave her son the greatest gifts of the German people, a German soul to serve him on the path of life, along with a love for the German language and German customs. Growing up in an environment where being "German" set the tone for harmonious existence, Charles John Hexamer became suffused with a love for the German people, which unfortunately is seldom seen in other American sons of German parents.

The German tenor of his character may be seen in Dr. Hexamer's public works. He pursued a goal with tenacity and experienced onlookers recognize the Untopian ideal in his pursuit to unite and unify the German element in the United States.

When he began to work towards this ideal and to set the groundwork in Philadelphia for what would become the National German-American Alliance, others saw in his untiring efforts ambitious plans and selfish motives, which would reveal themselves as time went on and the climate was ripe. Over ten years have past and the political ambition of the leader of the German movement in America has not materialized simply because it does not exist.

It is also not commercial advantage which has prompted Dr. Hexamer to devote his time to the cultivating of the National German-American Alliance. He is financially independent of the whims of the public.

Dr. Hexamer's sense of honor makes the possibility remote that ambition plays a role or that he seeks public attention or that he's putting up a smokescreen of bootlicking and boasting to win friendship and favor of those, who can advance his selfish goals. He would rather be a well-intended critic than a common flatterer.


Dr. Hexamer sees the wonderful reward for his work with the German community of the United States in the victory, which the Alliance has won, and the promising future it has. He is filled with the idealism of the best German stock, which never performs beneficial service for the sake of reward or thanks. With this German idealism, which never refuses and never loses heart, Dr. Hexamer unites true love of freedom represented more by the greatest and "free-est" republic of the imagination rather than the real world.

When it came time to oppose the ever growing Prohibition movement, which would force citizens of the United States to dry out and adopt the life of the teetotaler, Dr. Hexamer and the National German-American Alliance, which he founded, took up the fight for personal freedom against the hypocrites and the movement's proponents. They achieved partial victory in the ever growing western part of the country whenever there was enough time and money for organizing the liberal element and having seasoned politicians educate naive newcomers in the political arena. However, in the State of Pennsylvania where the National German-American Alliance was founded years before, using the same type of political pressure used in the West, there was great victory at the ballot box despite the untiring efforts of the Anti-Saloon League and a large portion of the churches.

In any harmonious human soul there is sensitivity and love for beauty and art and these elements are present in Dr. Hexamer. He is a fervent spokesman for art, music and theater and it is partly because of his efforts that the Germans in the City of Brotherly Love have their own German theater. The spiritual awakening of the German people of the United States, sometimes barely perceptible and most times merely dreamed about, has not yet advanced enough to mirror its leader in self-sacrifice and enthusiasm. He has led it up to a higher plain but it still does not measure up to expectations of its flag bearer. The increasing esteem, which the German people of this country give Dr. Hexamer and the enthusiasm with which he is greeted are definitely signs that people are beginning to recognize the true nature of the man. He is a man of ideals, who is singularly called to perform the role of leader because he desires nothing for himself and everything for the honor and recognition of his race.

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Dr. Hexamer's Father, Ernst Hexamer

Dr. Hexamer's parents, Mr. Ernst Hexamer and his wife, born Marie Klingel, celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary on August 6, 1909 at their villa in Atlantic City. The occasion brought notes for best wishes from near and far. The parents, whose son has worked to bring about the unification of all German-Americans and has had so much success, received the thanks of all German-Americans in the form of countless letters of congratulations from all parts of the country.

Concerning the life of Ernst Hexamer, father of the founder and president of the National German-American Alliance, the following information has been given:

"Ernst Emil Julius Ferdinand Hexamer was born in Koblenz on May 29, 1827.


"His father was an attorney for the high court of justice. When Napoleon caused the sons of the best German families to defend their country, Ernst was not spared the same fate. He took part in the Russian campaign. He never recovered from the battle fatigue. After the death of his father, his mother, neé Rettig, moved to Heidelberg, where her eldest son, Adolph, received his degree in medicine. Based on their inclinations, brothers Ernst and Wilhelm attended the technical high school. In their mother's house student friends of the elder brothers gathered. These youths would later play important roles in history. Among them were Virchow, Kussmaul, Moleschott, Gensch, the poet Miquel. Thus the household never failed to provide intellectual stimulation. After graduation, Ernst and his elder brother Wilhelm were send to the famous Karlsruhe Polytechnical Institute, where Ernst became a favorite student of Redtenbach.

"Then came the 1848 Revolution and the Hexamer brothers were swept along with it. They joined the Student Movement for Freedom. Dr. Adolph Hexamer, a gifted orator, who had left the Prussian State Service, was elected treasurer for the 'Democracy in Germany' political party in Berlin. Wilhelm and Ernst fought with distinction in Baden. The youngest brother, Dr. F. M. Hexamer, a noted writer in the field of agriculture and horticulture, also fought despite his youth and was called 'Hecker's youngster soldier.'

"Like so many others, the brothers fled after the collapse of the movement, first traveling to Switzerland and then America. Dr. Adolph Hexamer became a respected physician in New York, but died all too soon in early manhood. Wilhelm, a capable engineer, became a municipal surveyor in Hoboken. At the beginning of the Civil War he organized Battery A from New Jersey, known as Hexamer's Battery and made up exclusively of Germans, which was engaged in many battles and was praised by General McClellan for its participation at Antietam. As the result of an injury Major Hexamer sustained during the war, he died in 1870. Ernst was also actively against slavery. When he declared himself for Fremont, he was hit with a trophy and left for dead at the polling place.

"Mr. Ernst Hexamer obtained his first job in America thanks to his talent as an artistic illustrator. He was engaged to design grave monuments. Later he became a surveyor for the business of Perris & Co., which at the time published a city plan for New York. Within a short period of time he rose up to become technical head of projects. When the work was completed, Mr. Perris gave his young friend the advice of establishing his own business in another city. So Mr. Ernst Hexamer came to Philadelphia in 1856 and established himself as a civil engineer and surveyor. Through untiring effort and perseverance he succeeded in building his own company. It's worth mentioning that among other things, he introduced a number of innovations including specialty plans for insurance businesses, which are in use throughout the world."

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Arno Leonhardt,
many-year Vice-President of the German-American Central Alliance of Pennsylvania and One of Its Founders

When Arno Leonhardt died suddenly on January 9, 1909, his passing was mourned well beyond


the German communities in his hometown of Philadelphia and the State of Pennsylvania. Of the thousands paying their final respects were the Governor of Pennsylvania Edwin S. Stuart, his longtime friend, Mayor Reyborn and a large number of other dignitaries. Arno Leonhardt was born in this country to German immigrant parents who remained true to their German roots. He was born on October 21, 1850 in Philadelphia and received his first schooling at a Quaker school. In order to secure and expand his knowledge in the German language, he attended the Free Congregational School under the direction of F. Schünemann-Pott for 5 years. After completing his education his father, Theodor Leonhardt, took his son into his lithography business.

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Caption under picture at center reads Arno Leonhardt, One of the Founders of the Alliance.


Go to Pages 805 - 809


Text provided by the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library, Buffalo NY
Imaging and translation by Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks