The History of the Germans in Buffalo and Erie County, N.Y. - Part I, pages 332 - 336


make a comparison with other expositions is simply impossible. With regard to Architecture, &c. the large expositions of Europe resembled each other very much and in their essential parts the Columbia and Chicago Expositions did not differ from them to any extent. The conclusion, therefore, had been made that the scope of this exposition must be something entirely new. This was, indeed, not an easy task. Above all things it was to be an American exposition, i.e. an exposition in which all America, North, South, and Central America and the new Island possessions of the United States shall be represented.

There is an architecture which is well known in all Latin America and which is not seldom found in the old Mission buildings of the southwest. Travelers perhaps can recollect the Mission buildings of San Luis Rey, San Miguel, Santa Ines or Santa Barbara. This, however, is the spanish architecture. The majority of buildings were erected in spanish Renaissance, varying therefore essentially from all previous expositions. Another feature was the color scheme of the buildings, all of them, being elaborately, brilliantly and richly ornamented. Space, however, would not permit to give a lengthy description of each building upon the grounds. This is not the object of this sketch, a general walk through the main avenues of the grounds would perhaps be permitted, by doing so these lines may in future days bring pleasant recollections to minds of the readers. Entering the Exposition grounds again in spirit by way of the beautiful entrance

Caption under picture at center reads The Albright Art Gallery


at Lincoln Parkway the visitor following the broad Park drive will observe to the left the new Albright Art Gallery which is still in course of construction and could not be completed by the time of the Exposition. This Art Building will be a permanent structure of white marble built in the essential parts after the style of the Erectheum, one of the noted buildings of the Acropolis at Athens. It is a gift to the city of Buffalo by the generous Mr. J.J. Albright and will be the home of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy. To the right the visitor views the new Park-Restaurant and Boat-House; a splendid new bridge crosses the lake; at the left the New York State building is located which is also erected in white marble and has now become the home of the Buffalo Historical Society. Having passed these places he reaches the approach leading to the Forecourt which appears as the central point to the various groups of the Exposition buildings. Glancing northward he observes a group of handsome buildings extending about ¾ of a mile in length culminating in the incomparable, almost indescribable Electric Tower, rising 375 feet in height, crowned with a handsome figure representing the Goddess of Light, a spectacle which has hitherto not been accomplished nor even attempted. The Tower almost continually remains in the eyes of the visitor.

To his right from the Forecourt the visitor passes the foreign buildings and the building of our own states. To the left he finds the flower gardens in unexpected beauty and splendor. Reaching the Triumphal Bridge with Mirror Lake on both sides he enters upon the magnificent Esplanade. To the extreme right he observes the group of Government buildings. On the left a similar group consisting of the Horticulture, Graphic Arts and the Forestry and Mines building.[1]

Caption under picture at center reads New York State Building

[1]The German text states: "Next on our right-hand side we pass by the foreign buildings as well as those of our states while to the left there's a rose garden in full bloom. We cut through a large courtyard, cross a bridge with a lake on both sides, climb a terrace and reach a magnificent Esplanade; directly in front of us we see the cascading fountains and in the distance we see the Electric Tower. The Government Building stands to our right, and Mining and Horticulture Buildings and the Hall for Graphic Arts to our left." Return to text


Immediately before him, he finds two building erected symetrically, to the right the Ethnology Building, to the left the Temple of Music. The Court of Fountains with numerous streams extends from the North end of the Espanade to the Electric Tower, the basin of which is 225 feet wide and 565 feet long. Four large buildings are located to the right and left of this court. The Manufacturers and Liberal Arts, the Agriculture Buildings to the right, the Machinery and Transportation and the large Electricity Buildings to the left. Continuing the visitor approaches the Electric Tower which is in itself a work of Art and beauty upon which the progress of electricity is displayed in hitherto unexampled beauty and splendor. Passing by the Tower the visitor reaches the Plaza in the center of which is a band-stand surrounded by a sunken garden, enriched with elaborate floral features. As he glances to the right he observes the Stadium built after the Amphitheatre style with a seating capacity of 10,000 where the Athletic games and other important events have taken place. From the left he hears the noise of the North-entrance of the Midway.

Caption under picture at center reads Electric Tower


Immediately before him he sees the Propylea which forms the entrance of visitors to and from the Railway Station. Looking southward from this northerly point of view the visitor again receives a general view of the Electric Tower, the harmonious grouping of the various buildings, the elaborate floral features, the fountains, cascades, beautiful statuary, &c. and the grand plan of this exposition is understood and appreciated.

This, however, has only been a short sketch of the entire exposition, which, as said at the outset, might serve a splendid recollection of the Pan-American Exposition and for this reason we desire to add therto some of the Buildings and scenes of the exposition.

And although the pecuniary results of the undertaking have not been what had been expected, it can truly be said that the marvelous artistic work has surpassed all expectations in the perfection of this exposition. - And whether the original purpose and object of the exposition, to bring into closer relationship commercially and socially the governments and peoples of the North- and South-America, was actually accomplished cannot as yet be fully estimated. Certain it is beyond a doubt, that during the time of this exposition the citizens of Buffalo have manifested a spirit of citizenship which shall be recorded with Golden Letters in the history of Buffalo.

The Assassination of the President

The only sad event that throws a deep and dark shadow into the bright and happy days of the exposition is the sad assassination of the esteemed President McKinley which occurred in the Temple of

Caption under picture at center reads Temple of Music


Music. Owing to the severe illness of Mrs. McKinley the President had been prevented to visit the Exposition on the original day set aside for that purpose. Presidents-days was therefore postponed to September 5th. Elaborate preparations had been made for his reception and promptly all plans in connection thereto had been carried out, many from all parts of the country participating in greeting the President upon this occasion. On the morning of this day the President delivered his remarkable exposition speech which was to be his last public utterance, laying down future plans and principles for his administration, thus leaving it a permanent inheritance to the nation. On the following day it was planned that the President hold a public reception in the Temple of Music and upon thus happy occasion the sad event of the entire exposition took place when the murderous shot of the Anarchist, Leon Czolgosz, attempted to end the life of this beloved man and esteemed President. He was taken to the home of the President of the Exposition, Mr. John G. Milburn, Cor. Delaware Avenue and West Ferry Street, where in spite of the tenderest care and the best medical and surgical skill he died as the result of that fatal shot on the 14th day of September 1901.

Upon this occasion the Buffalonians have proven themselves as true citizens and patriots. The entire city was draped in mourning, the exposition was closed for the time being and heartfelt sympathy had been manifested by all. After the body of the late and lamented President had been taken to Washington, the Exposition was reopened and closed again upon the burial day.

The prosecution of the Assassin began in Buffalo on the 23rd of September and after three days he was sentence to death. - The new President, Hon. Theodore Roosevelt, took his oath of office in the home of Mr. Ansley Wilcox.

The "Saengerfest"

One of the features of the past year which became closely connected witht the Pan-American Exposition was the 30th "Saengerfest" (Feast of Song) of the North American Saengerbund which was held in our city of Buffalo from the 24th to the 27th of June 1901. At the previous Saengerfest, held in the city of Cincinnati, it had been resolved to hold the next Saengerfest in the exposition city, the city of Buffalo. It had undoubtedly been anticipated that the great undertaking by the citizens of Buffalo would be an inducement to the members and friends of the Seangerbund and consequently large numbers be persuaded to attend the Saengerfest. This anticipation had to a certain extent been realized and without a doubt would have been accomplished fully, had the Railroad companies been more obliging in

Return to Introduction

Return to Indexes

Go on to Pages 337 - 338

Revised May 14, 2005
Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks