Between the World Wars: Articles from the Syracuse Union, available through the New York State Newspaper Project

January - July 1930

January 3, 1930 page 1

Remarque has an Automobile Accident


Berlin. — The writer Erich Maria Remarque, author of book All Quiet on the Western Front had an automobile accident on Christmas Eve and suffered serious injuries.

January 3, 1930 page 2

Ward Nurse: The film actor who was brought here a few hours ago is very handsome. Don't you think?

Head Nurse: Indeed I do — however I warn you not to take his temperature. He complained to me that five nurses have already done so.

January 24, 1930 page 3

The Colonel in the Burnus


The Real Lawrence Legend


by Dr. Jul. R. Kaim

Cairo! We sit in smoky Arab coffeehouse drawing on bubbling water pipes amd talking again about the secretive Europeans in the East.

In the stiffling heat of an October afternoon in 1916 he landed in the harbor of Jedda, not far from the holy city of Mecca. Although practically unknown, he was received with honor by the British residents as he began his mighty task: the organization of the Arab tribes against the Turks.

He began this work with untiring energy and within two years rebellions, thievery, intrigue and guerilla warfare was reignited in the Orient. He possessed a mastery of almost all Arabic dialects. He had the rank of colonel in order to have the necessary credentials. When he began his work the man was not yet thirty years old. He had never been an officer or a diplomat. Rather he was an Oxford scholar, an archaelogist and civil servant. He was T.E. Lawrence.

Even here in Cairo Lawrance became a legendary figure. Everywhere in the Muslim world battles erupted, one tribe fought against another. There was rebellion whereever England had interests. Whispers fluttered throughout the East — Lawrence "was at work" again!

No one actually knew where the strange colonel's work began and where it ended; whether he was seeking adventure or commissioned by the London Foreign Office. Without a doubt he had his hand in the Afghan turmoil; without a doubt he knew more about the unrest in Palestine than anyone else. However where the work started and where it ended no one ever discovered as long as he himself never lifted the veil off his deeds, such as he did during the World War.

One could not distinguish this mysterious man in the burnus from any other Arab. He neglected no ablutions, no prayers; he never erred in a dialect. He'd be here today, gone tomorrow. To his various helpers' helpers he was the "uncrowned king of the desert" and knew what he wanted: adventure bound together with usefulness to the British!

Sheikh Faisol, later puppet king by England's good graces, originally gave him the advice to dress in Arab clothing so as not to make the other sheikhs uncomfortable! And so the small Britain wore the clothing of the desert, wore a burnus on his head and wandered from tribe to tribe, comfortable in his mannerisms. He hadn't wasted his time as a civil servant in Egypt playing golf. He was entrusted with all the hopes and dreams of the emirs and the sheikhs and he was steeped in all the minutia of the East. Who else but he and his schoooled helper could have brought it all about — the concert that the Sheikh of Mecca had put together in his honor? How did it come about? The Sheikh of Mecca had a musical ensemble put together out of captured Turkish musicians, then one day he telephoned Jeddah so the concert could be enjoyed there. But this wasn't enough. He sent the group to Jeddah and had them perform there so they could see and hear the concert. Each of these brave musicians played as well as he could and they created a hell of a row — which Lawrence and his entourage listened to with enjoyment and overflowing courtliness, completely delighted with the wonderful music provided for them by the emissaries of the Sheikh. Even the German Song and "A Mighty Fortress," the only European pieces performed by the musicians, were enjoyed by the conspirators as fabulous feats. Even then, at the beginning of his work, the "secretive man" understood what politeness and flattery meant in the Orient!*

*[Translator's Note: A slightly different account of this incident is available through Lowell Thomas' With Lawrence in Arabia, chapter 12.]

Always, whenever Lawrence's missions did not pan out and one could not count on full success, officials in England disassociated from him. When his work succeeded, he was a hero and Old England's good son. No one could ever prove who took part in the assignment; who provided the funding; who commissioned the services of this man, who was rapidly becoming a legend. Even here in Cairo there are rational people, who are convinced that he did the work himself. If the Foreign Office was pleased with the results, his work was accepted. If it wasn't please, it was a failed private venture.

I speak with Arabs and each of them has seen him at least once. They want to be seen with him. Each imagines that this or that slim, narrow-nosed Arab, whose gait is slightly stiffer than those of all the other brothers, must be the mysterious one. However all those who really have seen him, this ghost of chaos, agree on a single point: The "Colonel in the burnus" is a fascinating, enchanting man and nothing is more captivating and compelling as his eyes; his deep, clear eyes which he can squint like a shifty desert son and yank open like a clairvoyant prophet. Often again he's shielded those eyes when one of his countless enemies, whom he has used and betrayed and to whom he has lied, reproached him and promised payback.

It wasn't long thereafter that an Arab took a shot at the uncrowned king of the desert just as he had transformed himself back into a European and wanted to leave Egypt. However it still seemed that the Mysterious One's mission was not over — the deadly shot did not hit him but struck a companion standing next to him. He himself got by with just a scratch. And he lived on as a secret organizer, mighty adventurer, and great spy for England in the East.


A Drama in the Arabian Desert


A shocking event occurred in the Arabian Desert in early summer this year. Recently it was widely discussed in the Eastern press. In the beginning of May 25 pilgrims, who wanted to make a pilgrimmage to Mecca, left Baghdad by going through the desert to Beirut. They had rented an auto driven by a Belgian chauffeur, who brought along an Armenian mechanic as assistant. One day during the trip the Belgian felt sick. He turned the driving over to his assistant and took a nap. When he awoke a few hours later he saw to his horror that the Armenian had taken a wrong turn. He immediately took over driving and two days later, using all his reasoning skills, he found the right road through the wasteland. Crossing it would take a week.

His heated fear of death driving his efforts was for nothing. With the tremendous effort during the searing heat of day and the bitter frost at night — the temperature variations in this region were enormous — he was at the brink of exhaustion by the third day. Now a few pilgrims along with the Armenian attempted to look for the road on foot. During the foot march the Armenian died of exhaustion. The others returned to the car, having accomplished nothing.

In the meantime people in Beirut had grown concerned when the pilgrims had not arrived when expected. When several days passed and no one arrived, someone sent out an airplane to look for the car. And the airplane, this most modern of all transports and now a conveyance for rescue, had good luck. It found the automobile in the middle of the desert, marked its position, gave a sign that it should remain in that spot, and flew swiftly back to Beirut. After the pilot's report two cars were immediately dispatched from Beirut to retrieve the misfortunates and tow the car back to Beirut. The pilgrims and the chauffeur were almost at the end of their endurance. They had suffered terribly in the desert under the heat and they had drunk the gasoline to quench their thirst. All were very sick and taken to the hospital in Amman, where their recovery was slow.


Gross-Gerau, Hessen. On a recent evening the electrical current was suddenly interrupted and passers-by heard strange noises coming from the Finance Office. Someone armed with a pistol followed by many other people entered the building once one of the finance managers, who lived in the city, unlocked the door. People were surprised that they did not find a thief and that the cash box was secure. From the house next door came an intermittant rattling noise which was soon discovered to be clang of a plum pitting machine.

January 24, 1930 page 8

A Business' 25th Anniversary


In the January 7th issue of the Rochlitzer Tageblatt (Rochlitz Daily News) we find the following notice: As of January 8th of this year master painter Ernst Mossdorf of Bahnhoffstrasse will celebrate the 25th anniversary of his business. After the death of his father, Ernst Mossdorf Sr. in 1923, Mr. Mossdorf Jr. also took over his father's hardware business, which had been established decades ago.

The celebrant is a brother of the editor of the Syracuse Union. Rochlitz is a city of around 10,000 residents which lies in Muldental, Saxony in Germany, where the editor was born.

January 31, 1930 page 1

Ex-Kaiser considers a Return


Allegedly believes the People will call Him back.

Munich, Bavaria. — If one can believe the Sunday newspaper Welt am Sonntag (The World on Sunday,) former Kaiser Wilhelm is still contemplating a return to the throne.

A former officer of the Imperial Army visited the Ex-Kaiser recently in Doorn. After the meal Wilhelm wandered over to him and said: "The foremost principle of your education was certainly to serve and to obey. What have you done with your new freedom? What would you do if the elected presdient dies? I will tell you this: The people will call back the Kaiser."

The officer said he respectfully remarked that first there would have to be preparations before such a return could be made. The former Kaiser quickly replied, "This has already happened." He then broke off the conversation.

January 31, 1930 page 2

"The Law applies to all People!"

Passing Remarks made by Frederick the Great

Disclosed by A. Fuchs


Caption under illustration at top reads: Ruins of Zolchow in the snow.

Returning from the Seven Years War in 1763, at 51 years of age Frederick the Great's strength had left his body. Even before the war he was called "der alte Fritz," Old Fritz. He was plagued by gout but his mind was as clear as ever.

The king immediately put the shattered financial and legal affairs of the state back in order. He personally took control of everything. Nothing escaped his sharp gaze. Frederick made countless personal remarks when petitions and applications were submitted, some of which became public knowledge once shared with wider circles.


The Commerce Advisor and merchant Simon of Stettin asked for permission to buy the knightly estate in Craazen for 40,000 Talers.

"40,000 Talers. When negotiating you bring 8 percent. If he's only offering 4 percent he doesn't understand his own business. A shoemaker must be a shoemaker; a merchant haggles and doesn't have assets."


The city of Frankfurt on the Oder complained about the overly harsh soldier quartering policies.

"It can't be any different. I can't stick the regiment in my pocket until the barracks are rebuilt."


The Chamberlain, Baron von Müller asked for permission to use the baths in Aachen.

"What does he want to do there? He will do what he always does; he'll gamble away all his money and return a pauper."

The Baron repeated his request.

"He can go to hell."


First Lieutenant v. R. handed over the bill for food and services provided by the Braunschweig authorities. It amounted to 700 Talers, 7 Gröschen and 4 Pfennig.

"Pay it this time, but it's absolute robbery. Next time I'll send someone to set the prices."


Mrs. von Holwede asked for employment for her son.

"I have no jobs for bums."


Land Director v. Grävenitz asked that his son be released from his regiment so he could take over the estate.

"That's a good reason for asking that his son be dismissed. He'd be much happier in the Army.


Forestry Master v. Poser asked that his son not be forced into military service.

"He'd be better educated in the regiment than in the village."


Countess Paradies asked that son, who held an officer's posting in the Bavarian military, be given a commission in a Prussian regiment so that he will stop drinking by developing self control.

"I'm looking for good officers, but it wouldn't serve me if they were chased off by the likes of such people."


Mason's apprentice Eichel asked for master mason status in Berlin.

"If there aren't enough masters already, then they can take him on. There's no one as lazy as a Berliner."


The Abbey of Our Lady in Halberstadt asked permission for a crucifix specific to the abbey's order.

"There are already so many crosses that people don't know what they mean."


First Lieutenant v. Lassow asked for marriage permits for one major and two cavalry captains in his regiment.

"When Husars take wives they're seldom worth their gunpowder, but if he assures me that they will still serve well, I'll allow it."


Preacher Pels of Bernau asked for a 150 Taler raise since he couldn't live on 180 Talers.

"The apostles didn't have a lot but they still preached. Mr. Pels doesn't have an apostolic soul and I don't think that he needs to have all the good things in the world."


County Administrator Wobeser of Landsberg asked for compensation for injuries suffered during the bombardment in Küstin.

"On Judgment Day everyone will receive what he earned in this life."


Senior Auditor G. of Berlin complained that Senior Auditor Reinecke, who had not served for as long as he had, was promoted to Auditor General.

"I have a lot of hinnies in my stall which have served a long time, yet not one has become stallmaster.


Book dealer Kanter in Königsberg asked for the title of Commerce Advisor.

"Book dealer is a more honest title."


Papal General Count d"Argelilli of Bologna offered his services.

"Since he is Papal General, he wouldn't want the go into the service of a heretic."


Horsebreaker Volny asked to be named stallmaster as a reward for his careful purchasing of horses in England.

"Honestly he was robbed with the purchase. He should be happy that I kept quiet about it. But promote him to stallmaster, I'm not that foolish.

Caption under illustration of columns 3-4 reads: At Weserstein in the Hannover Münden


Wine dealer Kiehn in Berlin asked for damages for loss of 82 barrels of vin ordinaire during the Russian Invasion.

"Why not also ask for what he suffered during the flood when his cellar was under water.


Privy Councillor v. La Motte asked that a verdict made against his brother-in-law, former chancellor v. Müchow, not be publicized in the newspapers.

"Punishments must be carried out just as they are in similar cases of infamy by those of royal blood."


Chamberlain v. P. indicated that he had received a box and brilliant ring from the Prince of Denmark for documents he assembled concerning the prince's genealogy.

"Congratulations for being so successful at begging."


Chemist Lardy of Marseille sent a remedy for gout.

"Thank you for the cure and letting nature take its course."


Merchant Krüger & Co. for a concession and financial support tp creat an arrack and rum distillery.

"The Devil I will. I wish that poisonous, nasty stuff didn't exist and was never drunk."


Surgeon Major Poirer asked that French surgeons' pensions be brought under his [the Kaiser's] supervision.

"I don't want anything more to do with Frenchmen. They are far too dissolute and create too many problems."


Two Jewish merchants named Itzig and Ephraim asked to be conferred with the Christian right of protection.

"If it's because of their trade, give it to them. But if they're bringing their entire tribe with them from Judea to Breslau and turning it into Jerusalem, that's cannot be."


Von Marshall asked in appeal that a verdict against him be reduced.

"The law is the same for all people. They may be named Marschall or not, and if he can't understand that he can leave this country just as his brother did."


Major General v. Rothkirch asked for a position for his daughter.

"He should have created handsome young men. I can play host to all of them, but with the ladies I have no idea where to put them."

January 31, 1930 page 3

Sent In


Mr. Michael Kast of 404 Seymour St. sent us the following poem for publication in the Union

Choir of the Dead
by C.F. Meyer

We the Dead, we the dead
Make up a larger army
Than those of you on earth,
Than those of you at sea!

We plow the fields
With patient deeds
We swing the scythe
And spread the seeds.

What we have completed
And now what we deliver,
Fills the wells and streams,
The lakes and the rivers.

Everything we love,
And all that we hate,
Still reside above,
Guiding human fate.

Each true sentiment
We cherished in strife
Persists to exist
In all earthly life.

The art we created,
The poems we bequeath
Earn us the treasured
Laurel Wreath.

Forever we search
Within the human soul
For the meaning of life
And the ultimate goal!


"Our" Party

Two people stand here
Three others stand there
It's always the same.
Just shout out the name.
The "party" proclaim
Long may it reign.

When will we be free
Of hunger and need
And slavery
The party indeed
Will help us succeed
One German creed!


Up in the mountains
The clover grows
It feed the family ponies
Dad takes us to


In the mountains
The clover grows,
It feeds my little pony.
When father goes into the alpine inn
My mother purses her lips
Father gulps down his coffee
Instead of taking sips
Then he hops around like a goldfinch.

February 7, 1930 page 8

Pastor Scheding honored — On the Anniversary of his Five Years of Ministry

On Wednesday evening members of the Lutheran Mt. Tabor Church honored its spiritual caregiver, Rev. Wm. L. Scheding, who had served at the church for five years. A banquet was held in which all members took part. The enlarged and decorated church hall was filled to the last seat. Once the guests had assembled in the church they marched in unison to the hall, which had been transformed for the banquet with music provided by the Mt. Tabor Orchestra. Members took their places at the tables after a prayer was offered by Rev. Scheding.

Mr. Michael Fuhrmann, who served as toastmaster and executed his job in a lively manner, greeted the guests and talked about the significance of the evening. Afterwards the pastor was presented with a magnificent basket of flowers and an impressive financial gift in the name of the congregation in recognition of the pastor's valuable five years of service. Rev. Scheding offered his thanks and spoke a few words about his activities as the church's pastor. He emphasized the supported he was given by the church council.

The Mt. Tabor Orchestra contributed much to the entertainments of the evening. Professor Schumann was the conductor. In the short time he's been there he's accomplished incredible things. Miss Meierhofer gave a wonderful mandolin solo. Mr. Hadlock showed his proficiency on the trombone. Miss Margaret Menter, a promising violinist, masterfully performed the most difficult compositions on her instrument. Mr. Anton Rock, whose baritone voice just recently was heard on the radio, sang "Still wie die Nacht" (Quiet as the Night) and "Do you know my Garden?" and demonstrated his talent anew. A quartet consisting of Mr. Ernst Bochert, Mr. Fred Heintz, Mrs. Hedwig Heintz and Mrs. Emily Wochele sang a few German songs in a magnificent way. Mr. and Mrs. Carlick gave a cello and violin performance. The music made the hours pass all too quickly.

Among the speakers of the evening besides the toastmaster and Rev. Scheding was Prof. Kullmer of Syracuse University, who delivered the best wishes of the university and the German Department to the pastor and congregation. He also gave a brief report on his recent trip to Germany. Mr. Alex E. Oberländer also spoke with humor-spiced words about the accomplishments of the pastor and the congregation over the past five years. The talk was often punctuated with salvos of laughter and applause.

Among those present was also Miss Henrietta Schumann, the celebrated pianist who will give a concert in the Mt. Tabor Church this coming Tuesday.

The ladies of the church made the dinner and they too received thanks from the toastmaster.

All in all, it was a truly beautiful family celebration, which ended with the wish that Rev. Scheding would be able to spend many more years at Mt. Tabor as pastor.

February 14, 1930 page 5

Citizen or Non-Citizen


This Question should be decided -
Deportations loom.


An entire number of Syracuse residents, who believed they were United States citizens, experienced an unpleasant surprise today in the form of an invitation by the U.S. Department of Labor's Immigration Bureau on the 19th, 20th, and 21st of February to appear at the Court House in order to prove their citizenship. In cases where this is not possible, steps will be taken to deport them to the countries of their birth.

Most of those people, who must go to the Court House, are those in whose citizenship papers various errors have been found or who have visited America for a long time and want to go back but have not done so. There are also some cases where the necessary steps were taken to become a citizen but then seemingly discontinued and no longer desired. When such people are still in this country they shall be included on the deportation list.

February 14, 1930 page 7

Where do the "Berliners" come from?


By Paul Otto Gravenitz

When Heinrich Zille, the illustrator of Berlin "Milljöhs" (Milieus) died, the world was surprised to learn that the artist was not born in Berlin but rather in Radeburg near Dresden. It really seems as though the attributes of the actual Berliner are only typically expressed by the newcomers — at least with the exception of Zille and a few others. The awkward characteristics of the typical man of the Empire: the well-known "Berliner Klappe" (Berlin harsh manner of expression) and more recently the obsession with Americanism, and desire for the "Tempo! Tempo!" at any price. In their defense the native-born population of the Empire's capital city insist that the proper Berliner in the pejorative sense come from somewhere else. Is that correct? Unfortunately such matters are controlled by those who — as they are so wonderfully called — "celebrities" giving Berlin its character.

Alfred Kerr, the theater critic, comes from Breslau. Adolf von Menzel, the painter of the Frederick the Great's era, and Felix Deutsch were also from Breslau as was Rathenau, founder of the Allgemeinen Elektizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG Electric Company.)

Leistikow, the painter of the Mark, came from Bromberg; Oppler, better known as an etcher as a painter, was a Hanoverian; Pechstein, the expressionist, was born in Zwickau, Saxony; Orlik was from Prague; Max Oppenheimer, who frequented the Romanische Café, was actually by rights from Vienna; most of the customers of that café came from Vienna, Budapest, Prague, Belgrade or Bialystock.

The "old Berlin" writers were a mixed group of folks. Fred Hildenbrandt, who already wrote an enthusiastic book on his chosen homeland, was from the Württemberg region; Alfred Döblin, whose novel Berlin Alexanderplatz comes out in the spring, is from Prussian Hafenstadt, Stettin. Max Kretzer, who devised the modern Berlin novel, Meister Timpe, came from Posen. Alexander Moszkowski, creator of so many Berlin jokes, is from Pilica, which earlier was located in Poland. Ludwig Fulda, the comedy writer, was born in Frankfurt am Main; Rudolf Presber is his fellow countryman. The philosopher S. Friedländer, who under the pseudonym Mynona let loose a diatribe on Remarque, is from Gollantsch. *

[* Translator's Note: See The Preface to The Novels of Erich Maria Remarque for more information.]

His target, Remarque or Remark as it was earlier written, first saw the light of the world in Osnabrück. Albert Einstein, who devised the Theory of Relativity, was born in Ulm on the Danube. Farther downstream in Vienna is the birthplace of Arnold Bronnens. Still farther down in Budapest Eugen Szatmari was born. To legitimize himself as a Berliner he wrote a guidebook of the city. Out of northern Germany, Greiswald and Elbing, Georg Engel and Paul Fechter came to Berlin.

Things are no different with the actors of Berlin. Whoever seems most "Berlinish" was not born within the walls of Berlin. Otto Reuter, Germany's unrivaled humorist and Berlin's beloved singer, came from Gardelegen. So too Guido Thielscher, delightfully gifted with the comedy of a multi-generational Berliner, came from a completely different region than the environs of Alexanderplatz. He came from Leobschütz in Silesia. Paul Morgan, who embodies the new Berlin population of Kurfürstendamm, is an Austrian from Vienna. His companion, Kurt Robitscheck, is from Prague. Clara Waldorff, who sings Berlin songs as though she were from Acker St., can call herself a Hanoverian when she feels like it. Magdeburg delivered Max Adalbert to Berlin. Adalbert's favorite poet, Hans Reimann, came directly from Leipzig to the Capital of the Empire.

Berlin is not just literature and art; it's driven by politics. Where are the elected leaders of the people from? Löbe, president of Parliament, comes from Liegnitz; Severing, the current Minister of the Interior, was born in Herford in Westfalia. Groener, the Defense Minister, comes from Ludwigsburg in Württemberg. Hans von Seeckt, former Head of the Army and organizer of the Ministry of Defense, is a northern German from Schleswig. Schacht, President of the Empire's Bank, is from Tingleff; Grzesinski, the Minister of the Prussian Interior, came from Treptow but not from the Treptow near Berlin but rather Treptow on the Tollense. Hugenberg is Hanoverian. Dr. Wilhelm Marx is from Cologne. Joseph Wirth is from Baden outside of Freiburg in Breisgau.

The list is much longer but it will suffice for now. We can't predict what would happen to Berlin if all the transplants left en masse. However there is no real danger since in general they assimulate so quickly and completely that the native Berlin population becomes anxious about so many people in the city. Isn't it funny that the berlinest of all Berliners, Senior Mayor Böss, has to come from Giessen to show Berliners what a "World City" is? And his municipal authorities — twenty-four men in all — he sought out from all the regions of Germany. Only foun men among them are true-blue Berliners.


How Moses Mendelssohn met His Wife


Moses Mendelssohn was a great philosopher of the Enlightenment. His 200th birthday will be celebrated with a exhibit in his birth city of Dessau on September 6th. Testimonials by Mendelssohn's contemporaries will demonstrate their respect and affect for him. Lessing, a special friend of his, based Nathan the Wise on him, thus creating an everlasting memorial. Kant called him a keen thinker; Goethe and Schiller gave him a place of honor beside Lessing. Though small and crooked, his superior intellect and nobility of heart even won him a wife with whom he led a very happy family life.

How Moses Mendelssohn met his beautiful wife, according to stories handed down, happened in 1768 in Bade Pyrmont when he met the merchant Gugenheim of Hamburg.

"Moses," the merchant said one day, "we all hold you in esteem and my daughter, Fromet, admires you. It would make me very happy to have you as a son-in-law. Come visit us in Hamburg."

Moses Mendelssohn was very shy and he also had a speech impediment. He finally decided to take the trip from Berlin and visit his great friend Lessing along the way, as his correspondence reads. Mendelssohn arrived in Hamburg and visited Gugenheim at his office. Gugenheim said to him:

"Go see my daughter. She'll be very happy to see you. I've told her a lot about you."

Mendelssohn visited the daughter.

The next day he went back to Gugenheim's office. Both men didn't know what to say but eventually Mendelssohn spoke about the graceful and intelligent daughter.

My esteemed friend," Gugenheim said, "May I speak to you frankly."


"You are a philosopher, a wise and intelligent man. Don't hold it against her. She said ... she was shocked at how you looked, because you..."

"Because I have a hunched back?"

Gugenheim nodded.

"I thought that might be it," Mendelssohn said. "I will visit your daughter and take my leave of her."

He went over to the house and saw the daughter, who was sitting at the window on a high chair with needlework in her hands. They spoke amicably to each other, but the girl didn't look up at Mendelssohn. Finally the girl asked a question.

"Do you also believe that marriages are decided in heaven?"

"Certainly! And something special happened to me. You know, with the birth of a child it's proclaimed in heaven, he gets her and she gets him. Now when I was born, a wife was proclaimed for me but alas, she would have a hump. Dear God, I said. A girl who was crooked would become bitter and harsh. A girl should be pretty. Dear God, give me the hump and let the girl be pretty and straight."

Scarcely had Moses Mendelssohn said this when the girl fell into his arms. She became his wife and they were happy together. Moses Mendelssohn became the patriarch of a large family, from whom countless descendents followed.


When one behaves in an extraordinary and singular fashion and finds himself in the most wretched and arcane situation, he's among thousands of companions about whom he knows nothing.

February 28, 1930 page 4

How Many Germans are there?


New Statistics

After the careful investigation of Viennese Professor Winkler, who heads the Statitische Institut für Minderheitsvölker (Statistical Institute for Minority Populations,) there are currently 94 ½ million Germans on this earth, of which 63.2 million live in the German Empire. In European countries including Germany there are 82,862,000 Germans, approximately 18 percent of the total European population. Germans living in foreign lands total 19.6 million with 62 percent of them living in Europe. Approximately 11 million Germans reside on the American continent. In Asia there are 197,000; in Australia and Polynesia there are 161,000 and in Africa 127,000 million Germans.

Among countries with the largest German populations, excluding the German Empire, Austria naturally comes in at number one with 5.7 million. 90 percent of all residents of today's Austria are German. 3,700,000 Germans live in Czechoslovakia, 27.4 percent of the total population. In Poland the total is 2 million; in Yugoslavia ½ million; in Rumania around 700,000 Germans. Russia has around 1.8 million Germans. Germans living in the northeast in places such as Danzig, the Memel Territory and Lettland total 500,000 souls. In Schleswig, Tirol, Eupen-Malmedy which currently belongs to Belgium, and Alsace-Lorraine, all of which are populated almost exclusively by Germans, there are 2 million of which 1.7 million live in France. The number of Germans in the United States totals 9 million and makes up 8½ percent of the white population. Excluding German-American citizens of the United States by last count there were 1,686,000 expatriated Germans. In Brazil the number of Germans is estimated at around 600,000; in Canada it's 200,000; in Argentina there are 50,000 Germans and in Chile 30,000.

February 28, 1930 page 5

False Report concerning the Harugari Order


Published by Dolgevill Special Correspondent at the
New Yorker Staats-Zeitung (New York State Newspaper)


(by Walter E. Mossdorf)

Caption under portrait reads: Walter E. Mossdorf, Grand Secretary of the German Order of the Harugari of New York State.

These lines were printed underneath the main heading of a special report in the February 19th issue of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung : "The German Language in Danger. — the Order of the Harugari uses the English language in its ceremonies." The report originated in Dolgeville on February 16th and reads as follows:

"Reports confirmed by many sources say that at the last meeting of the Syracuse Lodge of the German Order of the Harugari district and lodge officers used the English language in the initiation of new members, which runs contrary to previous customs and rules of the lodge. In the reports there were indications that even in the most difficult times which German-Americans had to live through, the Order of the Harugari has used the officially-sanctioned German language and remained true to the long-held and valued traditions. It would be regrettable if this is the first breach made in a wall which until now seemed impregnable."

As far as the report of the special correspondent of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung from Dolgeville is concerned, it reminds us of the tale of Robinson Cruso [sic], who sleeps for years then wakes up to find that everything has changed. Correspondents of a newspaper as well circulated as the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung, who have no idea of the prior practices of an Order and do not know its by-laws, should refrain from offering such reports to the public, which are ridiculous or even harmful.

English language rituals were printed in 1886 when the Order of the Harugari was already 83 years old and they were used with the approval of the United States and New York State Grand Lodges. In all those years no one has noticed any danger to the German language, which is still used in meetings when discussing Order business. This is more than any similar groups such as singing and gymnastics societies can say.

The use of the English language in the initation of new members is among the progressive measures. With the shrinking number of immigrants this is completely understandible and should not be avoided in order to sustain the life of the Order. For this reason the German language is no longer in danger. There are children of German parents or young people of German origin, who join the Order and are not fully fluent in the German language. To understand the initiation ritual it needs to be performed in English. However after the initiation, lodge business is conducted in German.

We would like to recommend to the special correspondents that they read the history of the German Order of the Harugari where it states among other things, "...The German Order of the Harugari was established in order to offer the German-speaking citizen of this country the opportunity to conduct business in his mother tongue as well as offer information on support opportunities provided by other organizations. The preservation of the German language within the Order is set down as the first and foremost principle. Stating it in the words of our constitution.

"The German-speaking citizen of the United States shall be given the opportunity to advance his intellectual and material interests, enhance and refine his social connections.

"In no way do we assume a narrow-minded, nationalistic isolationism policy. The language of this country is legally established for usage in the lodges just as the German language is. Our gates stand wide open to all nationalities and we have countless representatives of these among our ranks. Specifically this is demonstrated by the fact that in recent times the American-born sons and daughters of the Order's brothers and sisters are not excluded from membership. It gives them the opportunity to enrich their vocabulary of the German language and it gives all in the Order a richer repository for all branches of knowledge and endeavor than any time before in the two-thousand year history of the German people. We consider religion a private matter for all our members. We acknowledge and respect all beliefs and do not permit within the Order discussions and debate on the subject. The same pertains to politics."

It states here in black and white: "The language of this country is legally established for usage in the lodges just as the German language is." And our venerable special correspondent of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung from Dolgeville writes after so and so many years "used the English language in the initiation of new members, which runs contrary to previous customs and rules of the lodge." We recommend to this correspondent he join this German Order as a member, whereby he will be offered the opportunity to attend a meeting and study the rules and by-laws of the Order. He will discover that the German language is still revered by all and it is in no danger — at least within the German Order of the Harugari.

However the German language does appear to be more in danger in Dolgeville as in the Order of the Harugari. Dolgeville was founded and settled by Germans who brought with them a large and well-known industry. German lodges, singing and gymnastic societies, etc., among the best in the state, flourished there. For around twenty years the German language was at home there and spoken by most of the residents on the streets. (The special correspondent of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung has lived in that wonderful village since that time.) Unfortunately the German language has suffered a dramatic decline since then. Why? We're convinced that if a Harugari Lodge had been established in Dolgeville while the correspondent of the New Yorker Staats-Zeitung lived there, the German language would not be in danger as is the case currently in Dolgeville.

March 7, 1930

Accused of High Treason


Krupp and Thyssen supplied the Enemy

Berlin. — Based on the Empire's law concerning high treason and facilitation leading to high treason, the Department of Justice has ordered an investigation of a sensational report that the firms of Krupp and Thyssen sold massive amounts of war materials to neutral parties during the World War and had knowledge that this material was resold to foreign enemies.

These allegations against both large German munitions suppliers were made public in a recently published book by Otto Lehmann-Russbüldt with the title Die blutige Internationale der Kriegsindustrie (The Bloody Global Network of the War Industry.)

In this book the Firm Thyssen in particular is accused of selling munitions to the west via the Netherlands and admittedly at a lesser price than the German government would have paid.

It was further maintained that Kruppwerk had handed over to England the patent for a hand grenade detonator. Supporting these accusation, the book cited the trial in which a German bank sued the English munitions manufacturer Vickers. Dr. Gustav Krupp of Bohlen and Halback was president of the supervisory counsel for this bank.

In the trial an initial payment of one Shilling per detonator, a total sum of 123,000,000 Shillings or approximately $30,750,000 was requested. It's stated in the company ledger that this sum was of passive value once Vickers merged with the firm of Armstrong.

One can see from the sum just how much Krupp drew in with the death of each German soldier, Lehmann-Russbüldt writes.

March 14, 1930 page 5

Local Lutheran pastors exerting enormous effort to provide a worthy memorial celebration for the 400th anniversary of the Augsburg Confession:

Upper row - Rev. Dr. Edward L. Keller, First English Lutheran Church; Rev. John Wittekind, Evangelical-Lutheran St. John's Church; Rev. Frederick C. Ellermann, Lutheran St. Paul's Church.

Middle row - Rev. John M. Joslyn, English Lutheran Atonement Church; Rev. Dr. Frederick C. Martin, English Lutheran Church of the Redeemer.

Bottom row - Rev. William L. Scheding, Lutheran Mt. Tabor Church; Rev. Henry M. Schroeder, Evangelical Lutheran St. Peter's Church; Rev. Christian P. Jensen, Lutheran Zion Church.

March 14, 1930 page 5

Lutherans plan Grand Church Federation


American Lutheran Conference brought into Being


Federation of Lutheran Church will be comprised of 7000 congregation with 1,350,000 Members


The idea of a grand church federation, which most Lutheran congregations in the United States and Canada believe should be formed, is being brought to fruition by representatives of various Lutheran church organizations. To this end committees comprised of the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America, the Lutheran Synod of Iowa, the Augustana Lutheran Synod, the Consolidated Lutheran Synods of Ohio, the United Danish Lutheran Church, and others have come together. The name of the confederation will be "The American Lutheran Conference" and will be comprised of around 7000 churches and 1,350,000 members.

The plan to create such a federation was developed in 1925 during a conference held in Minneapolis. The Norwegian Lutheran Church of America, the Consolidated Synods of Ohio, the Buffalo Synod, and the Iowa Synod came to an understanding on various points of doctrine and church practices. Recently the Lutheran Free Church has taken these issues under consideration.

Declaring that no organic or incorporated union was necessary in order to profess unity in faith and doctrine, and that true church unity exists when an agreement is in place regarding teachings on the Gospel and the administration of the sacraments, the representatives of each church entity plans a distinct federation which shall treat currently administered services in a cooperative fashion. The proposed constitution for the new conference does not require any of the synodal members the surrender of its independence or organic autonomy. Among other goals of cooperative operation the conference plan calls for the periodic exchange of theological professors at theological seminaries.

It is expected that the conference of the General Assembly will convene in the spring and summer to adopt appropriate measures for creating the planned union. Should such decision-making among the seven assembly entities be successful, a conference to determine the organization of the federation will take place in October of this year. This will coincide with the 400th anniversary of the acceptance of the Augsburg Confession, which established the principles of faith for all Lutherans throughout the entire world.

The preparations for a worthy celebration in Syracuse and the surrounding area also includes the St. Paul's Church in Liverpool, (Rev. Dudde, Pastor)


The buying power of the dollar is steadily increasing and stands at 74 cents in comprison to 1913.

March 21, 1930 page 2

Great Men and Their Mothers


Intimate Details, Correspondence of Famous Personalities

There is a person in whom anyone can relate his deepest thoughts and completely reveal himself. This is his mother. Great minds of humanity at the pinnacle of power, culture, and fame, flee to their mothers during moments of doubt, misfortune, need and even happiness in success. Whether she has a high form of understand or merely a good heart, a mother sympathizes with the joys and sorrows of her son. No one learns more about a person, his manners and habits than by examining his correspondence with his mother.

Paul Elbogen, compiler of a book published by Ernst Rowohlt of Berlin titled Liebste Mutter : Briefe berühmter Männer an ihre Mütter (Dearest Mother : Letters of Famous Men to their Mothers,) has created a commendable work in which he has assembled more than sixty letters by great men to their mothers. Much has been spoken about it in the German Press. All the small human frailties along with the noblest characteristics of personalities who were instrumental in the tranformation of German culture or played controversal roles in history, are brought forth and explored. One reads with equal interest the letters of Marie Antoinette, Joseph II, or Crown Prince Rudolf; what were the innermost revelations of Goethe, Heine, Schiller, Scheffel, Schopenhauer, Wagner, Virchow, Lassalle, Grillparzer, Schumann and another dozen historical and literary giants. Mostly the letters contain intimate family matters and have little to do with leading ideas and tasks with which the writers were dealing, however the tone and content of the letters render a characteristic train of thought about the hopes, dreams and complaints of their authors. Plus the subtext to the letters give a full insight into the personalities of both the senders and the recipients.

Among the letters of German men there is one Hungarian letter from Crown Prince Rudolf to his mother from the year 1870. Rudolf was 12 years old at the time and he seems to have loved his mother very much. The tone is strightforward and tender, in the style of Hungarian letters at the time. It does not appear to have been corrected by any teacher because although his Hungarian was flawless there were a few grammatical errors. The closing sentences read as follows: Today I'm going to dinner again with Papa to Uncle Albrecht's; hopefully Friedrich and Stefan will also be there. The entire French army is now imprisoned; what dreadful feelings the old French soldiers must harbor; previously they had reaped such glory. How terribly sad! A heartfelt hug for my sister, Valerie. And to you, my dearest mother, I kiss your hand. I am your obedient son, Rudolf."

Marie Antoinette, not well loved by the Parisian Court, wrote to her mother, Maria Theresia in 1770: "...The King (Louis XV) holds a thousand loving feelings for me and I love him with all my heart. However, one must have sympathy for him because of his weakness for Madame du Barry, who is the dumbest and most shameless creature that one can imagine. She's played with us at Marly every evening, sat next to me twice but did not speak to me and I did not try to have a conversation with her. I only spoke to her when I had to. My beloved husband (the Dauphin) has changed much for the better; he shows great amity towards me and begins to show trust. He has little affection for Lord de la Vauguyon (the Dauphin's teacher) however he does fear him. Recently a strange event occurred. I was alone with my husband when Lord de la Vauguyon rushed to the door in order to eavesdrop. A servant, who was either very dumb or very respectful, opened the door and there stood the Count as stiff as a pole, unable to back off. I stressed to my husband how disadvantageous it is to let someone listen at the door and he had to admit..."

In a letter by Gottfried Keller the poet complained that someone thought he was "lying about being sick and only wanted money so he could stay home. This offered no great remedy for me especially after I received the letter. At the time I could barely stand up on my legs. I laid in bed for four whole weeks and had nothing but broth and water to drink. It seemed that your dream have come true. I was so emaciated and weak that once I could get up I was horrified when I looked in the mirror. I will write nothing more about such matters in the future. Let things go as they may. Since people still believe in all my misery, I'll lie."

In many respects, such interesting letters were assembled with great effort and Elbogen has performed a great service in combining them into one work. He has contributed a book giving us a brief look at the characteristics of all the writers as well as a number of artistically executed copper plate prints and facsimiles.


The Constable didn't want Sausages


At the crossroads of Damstraat and Vischsteeg, one of the most traversed sites in Amsterdam, a constable stands and directs traffic, which is quite typical today. But no, not really! Down along Damstraat comes a street peddler, one of those small, intinerant, wagon-pushing vendors selling a couple of warm sausages at a cheap price to hungry passers-by. With broad sweeping arm gestures the traffic constable stops the current of weaving cars and pedestrians on Damstraat and gives the traffic on Vischsteeg the right of way with the standard raising of his right hand. Everyone heeds his gesture, except for the sausage man. He looks at the long arm of the law, regretfully shakes hit head, and calmly goes on his way. The constable energetically repeats his gesture to stop, this time using his left hand for emphasis to the vendor that he must wait until his side of the street can go again. However his efforts remain unsuccessful. The cart-pusher shakes his head and continues to cross the street. Now the traffic officer is beet red. He cannot abide this contempt for his authority. He leaves his place, gravitates towards the disobedient man and taps him on the shoulder. Startled, the wrongdoer looks at the representative of the law, who now angrily asks in an ominous voice, "Why didn't you stop when I gave the signal?" The sausage man seems completely puzzled. "Yes, I saw the gesture, but I thought you wanted a couple of warm sausages. Unfortunately I'm sold out. That's why I kept on going." Disarmed by such insolence and smiling with difficulty, the constable let the "Sausage King" go.


Ridiculous Company Records

Even the records of a sober organization such as an insurance company may at times cause hilarity. Recently a doctor wrote: "The insured was in my care for a lung infection from November 17th to the 19th. He died on the 19th." By custom an unsuccessful doctor must go before the court and make a candid, self-accusing statement for the record. Recently burglars in a Saxon city left a strange, full page advertisement commissioned by an insurance company for burglary insurance along with this advice: "Insure yourself against burglary!" One might advise intruders to communicate such advice before the execution of their crime.

March 28, 1930 page 7

Goethe's Last Love


On the 30th Anniversary of the Death of Ulrike von Levetzow


by S. Droste-Hülshoff

A pair of dog's graves with beautiful headstones in a neglected park, a commemorative plaque, and several faded copperplate engravings — they're the only reminders of the woman who lived in Castle Trziblitz near Brüx in Bohemia. As a very young girl Ulrike von Levetzow was the last love of one of the greatest geniuses of all times, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. She spent a solitary life at her family's estate in Trziblitz, and there in November 1899 at the age of ninety-six years she closed her eyes for the last time.

She wasn't quite 17 years old when in Marienbad she met Goethe, the famous "Privy Councillor" from Weimar. Already more than 7 decades old in the Summer of 1821, their first meeting awakened in him an animated interest in the beautiful girl, whose happy and easy-going nature favorably distinguished her from all other female acquaintances. He called Ulrike his "pretty little sister" and she called him "beloved Papa." In the beginning he really seemed to have only fatherly feelings for her.

Two years passed. In July and August of 1823 Goethe was again in need of taking the cure in Marienbad. He met Ulrike, who with her mother and sisters "was spending her days by the hot spring." He saw her nearly every day, sometimes more often, and this intensified his feelings to passionate devotion for the blossoming maiden who had matured in the interim. Goethe's heart filled with such hope and yearning that — as Zelter put it — it seemed "that he experienced love with all the anguish of youth." And like he was again in his youth Goethe courted the beloved girl with the intensity consistent with his temperamental nature. He always seekd to meet her by plundering every florist shop in Marienbad so he can send magnificent bouquets to the "loveliest of all lovely creatures." He buys her books with hand-written dedications and writes her poetry.

Yes, he actually thinks about binding himself forever with Ulrike. He convinces a friend of his youth, the Grand Duke of Weimar who's also in Marienbad, to ask Mama Levetzow for her daughter's hand on Goethe's behalf. However Mrs. von Levetzow's life experience recognizes not only the advantages but also the disadvantages of such a dissimilar pairing. And Ulrike? She loves the "kindly old gentleman." She has sympathy for him, but her nineteen-year-old sensibilities cannot reconcile with the thought of marrying a seventy-four year old man. Without further consideration, she is unable to say yes. So eventually it is decided to wait a while to see if the unlikely couple can find time to become better acquainted with each other.

A short time after his birthday, which Goethe was fortunate enough to spend with Ulrike, the maestro returns to Weimar. Arriving in Eger he sends Mrs. von Levetzow a letter in which he expresses hope that "Ulrike would not deny that it is a beautiful thing to be loved." However the farther he gets from his beloved, the deeper he feels the hopelessness of his desire. A melancholy mood overtakes him and while still on the journey he begins the "Marienbader Elegie" (Marienbad Elegy) in which he gives poignant expression to his feelings.

In Weimar, where Goethe's wedding plans are well known, the poet expects an uphill battle. The Court Councillor, Goethe's son August, expresses his well-chosen yet wordy displeasure and his daughter-in-law faints at the thought of having a nineteen year old mother-in-law. All the emotional agitation of the past months lead in November 1823 to severe illness for the poet and it's only in December that Goethe begins to slowly recover. Scarcely healed, he besieges his distant beloved and her mother with a storm of letters and requests. His desire can and will not cease. In October of 1824 he learns that Mrs. von Levetzow and her daughter travelled through Weimar without visitng him or even telling him. He's deeply wounded and depressed.

It was almost a year before the poet finally found the strength to accept the inevitable conclusion. Later, much later he regained his intellectural equilibrium however he never completely forgot Ulrike. He stayed tied to her in true and contented friendship. And yet on his last birthday he wrote from Ilmenau that he received a goblet from Ulrike with her name engraved on it as a gift. He spent beautiful hours before it thinking that his feelings for her and her family would remain "forever unchanged."

Similarly, Ulrike von Levetzow could not forget the aged poet. She received thirteen marriage proposals over the course of the years, but she refused them and led a secluded life in her remote castle surrounded by countless, dearly beloved dogs. The indelible memory of her days of youth in Marienbad sustained her into her old age.


The Psychophysiology of Sleep


There are people who have difficulty sleeping each night even when outside influences are favorable. For them deep sleep comes slowly and reaches its peak just as morning breaks. They find they cannot get out of bed early and wake up only with great effort. Opinions by various experts differ concerning the causes for this condition. One opinion states that some people may be night workers who go to bed late, thus to a certain extent the condition is the result of habit. Others believe there are certain psychological characteristics which lead to the condition, however they cannot tell us what these characteristics are. Doubtlessly habit plays a large role, and this indicates that adopting other habits may make easier sleep patterns possible. On various occasions it was observed that people who performed cognitive tasks for a living in large cities with their extraodinary amount of daytime noise, etc. were forced to become night workers, and that once they moved to rural settings they soon after became early risers and morning workers. The environment and life habits strongly influence sleep and observation shows it also has a significant influence on animal sleep times and durations. Birds and mammals, which shift their positions several times and have no secure sleeping spot, sleep less soundly and for shorter periods than other animals.


The Sinking Oil Field


In the great Texas oil fields near Beaumont sinking recently occurred which, in contrast to earlier ground settling of a negligible nature due to derrick drilling, threaten to have catastrophic effects. In place of a broad prairie over the course of a few days a one to five meter deep lake has developed, which engulfed a row of oil containers. Since the ground continued to sink, thirteen oil derricks had to be abandonned. The reason for this catastrophe is that the oil reserves, which lie relatively deep under the earth's surface, were extracted too rapidly. Concerns were expressed on several sides that further rapid extractions would be dangerous for the entire oil field. However it's not anticipated that other derricks will adjust their activities, especially since the ground settling seems to have become a stroke of good fortune for others. Daily yield of one derrick has risen within twenty-four hours from ten to 250 barrels. At other sites the oil pumps of a derrick, which used to yield 150 barrels daily, now yields only dirty salt water.


Dömitz, Mecklenburg. In Dömitz an innkeeper wanted to see if a bullet cartridge was still stuck in a rifle. He poked the barrel out the window. Due to a misfortunate incident the rifle discharged. The bullet hit a laborer in the abdomen.

May 16, 1930 page 7

Mark Twain's First Honorarium

The famous American humorist Mark Twain earned his first honorarium in Chicago. This wasn't for one of his later popular books but for a prank, for which he could have been charged by the police. He strolled aimlessly though the streets of Chicago, unemployed and penniless when a beautiful greyhound joined him. After Twain and his four-legged companion walked around for a while, a brigadier asked the humorist if he would be willing to sell the dog. 'Why not," responded the creator of "Huckleberry Finn" and other colorful characters, "For three dollars the dog is yours!" Without further discussion the officer reached into his pocket and gave Twain the money. Scarcely was the odd transaction completed when a stranger came up to the humorist and told him a sad story that his dog had run away. Twain came up with a splendid idea whereby he could remain honest and still earn some money. "For five dollars I'll get your dog back," he said quickly to the sad stranger, who agreed with the nod of his head. Using giant steps Twain rushed back to the brigadier. "You have to give me back my dog, dear sir," he pleaded with tears in his eyes. "You can have your money back. I can't bear being parted from my true comrade. It's breaking my heart." Moved himself to tears, the brigadier was willing to back out of the bargain and even refused to take the three dollars back. Victoriously Twain brought his "comrade" back to its actual owner, who in gratitude for the finder's help invited him to a glass of whiskey. Thus Mark Twain earned his first nine dollars by means of a prank worthy of Huckleberry Finn.

The Wager

One of the best known German dramatists received a very suspicious, thick package with his mail. Anticipating something bad, he opened the mysterious package and found an approximately four-hundred page "classical" drama by an unknown author with an enclosed message: "I'll bet you twenty Marks, dear Maestro, that you won't read the attached work!" An hour later the witty author received his play back by special delivery accompanied by a visitor's card from the dramatist which was covered in a brand new twenty Mark note. On the visitor's card was written the following: "You have won the proposed wager!"


Allmendingen, Württemberg. Recently Allgöwer's mill burnt to the ground. The Allmendingen Fire Company had to retreat but was able to keep the fire away from his herd. Total damages are estimated at 70,000 Marks.

June 20, 1930 page 2

Acquitted and Convicted


The Lodzer Volkszeitung (Lodzer People's News) was indicted for an article written on October 7, 1929, which contained nothing other than the printout of the resolution of the United Party Congress of the D.S.A.P. (German Socialist Workers Party of Poland) "Inciting to riot" was the State Attorney's charge, punishable by one to four years imprisonment. What stood behind the decision to indict? "If the response of the executive body is to abandon the government, the body of law and the constitution, then the socialist parties of Poalnd may be forced to resort to extraordinary battle measures." Attorney Hartmann defended the accused lead writer, Otto Heike, on May 13th. The court rejected the indictment based on Article 129 of the Penal Code and convicted the defendant for content further within the resolution which spread untrue allegations concerning suspension of immunity in Parliament, suspension of freedom of the press and personal opinion,systematic negation of self-governance, etc. A fine of 50 Zloty for court costs was levied.

June 20, 1930 page 3

Advances in the Art of Healing

Would you like to be sedated without chloroform or a local injection?

Do you mean something like hypnosis?

No, no. I'm talking about the price for tooth extraction!

June 27, 1930 page 4

The Augsburg Confession


On the 400 Year Reintroduction to World-History Events in the Old Imperial City


by Henry J. Schuh, D.D.

(Except from the Sunday issue of the Staatszeitung und Herold)

The Bavarian city of Augsburg, the entire Evangelical movement in Germany, the 4,500,000 Lutherans in America, and the 82,000,000 Lutherans of the world have been busy for some time preparing a worthy celebration of a historic world-event, which begins June 25th. It's been 400 years since the venerated old city became the site of the first evangelical faith movement. It is a faith righteously professed by millions today attributed to the teachings of Luther. The delivery of the Augburg Confession is an example of German fidelity and courage seldom seen in world and church history. For this reason it may be of interest from its origin to its delivery; from its content to its significance and we will become closer to an understanding of it in the course of this celebration.

During those days the religious turmoil in Germany created much worry for the Emperor. The Turks threatened to invade the Empire and he needed the support of the evangelical princes and a united Germany to fend off the enemy. To that end he called for a conference in Augsburg, Bavaria to be held April 8, 1530. Two issues were to be dealt with at that meeting: the Turkish war and the religious disputes in Germany. Concerning the second issue it soon seemed as if the Emperor was inclined to acknowledge the rights of the evangelicals. The elector of Saxony and leader of the evangelical movement, Johann the Steadfast, brought forth his Wittemberg theologians to compose an acknowledgement of doctrinal teachings to be presented at the conference. Luther, Melanchthon and Jonas immediately set to work to complete this assignment. The conference was set for April 8th but did not meet for the first time until June 19th.

Towards evening on June 15th the Emperor's entourage arrived with great pomp in Augsburg. During the entry into the city the Papal Nuncio distributed a blessing whereby the assembled crowd, including the Emperor and his retainers, went to their knees. Only the evangelical princes remained standing. When the Emperor entered the cathedral, again everyone kneeled except for the evangelicals, who remained standing.

Luther, as one of those outlawed by the Emperor, did not appear at the conference. Formally the Augsburg Confession is Melanchthon's work, however in its spirit and content it is Luther's work. When they convened in Augsburg concerning what was decided at the conference, they sent the confession to Luther for assessment.

The Confession contains twenty-eight articles divided into two parts. In the first twenty-one articles the confessors establish that there is no new doctine but rather a united affirmation of Christ's teachings from the time of the Apostles as set down in the Holy Scripture of the Old and New Testament, which is the revealed Word of God. In the following seven articles it is established how and why the confessors depart from certain teachings and practices of the Roman Church. Melanchthon, author of the Confession, was rightfully called "Magister Germaniae" (Master of Germany.) He was without a doubt the most learned of Luther's colleagues. He was a man of peace, who shied away from all controversy for the sake of peace, more often willing to concede to his colleagues, especially Luther. The language of the Confession is noble and inoffensive. To this day the Augsburg Confession has remained the fundamental principle of the Lutheran Church. Whereever in the world there are Lutherans, whether in Germany, America, Denmark, Norwaym Sweden, Finnland, Russia or Poland — they acknowledge their faith in Augustana, and only the unchanged Augustana. Some have tried to make the Augsburg Confession more sympathetic through certain concessions, which depart in essential portions from the confession of the original confessors, however the altered confession has over and over again been rejected by the Lutheran Church.

The Emperor demanded that the Confession be read aloud in Latin, however the Elector of Saxony responded: "We stand on German soil, therefore I hope Your Majesty will permit the German language." The Emperor conceded and the Confession was read in German. Slowly and clearly, loudly and with a powerful voice Dr. Beyer now read the document so that even the crowd standing in the courtyard near the open window understood every single word.

The reading took two hours and the impression was a powerful one. After Dr. Eck, Professor of the University of Ingolstadt and decided opponent to Luther, heard the Confession and was asked whether he was in a position to refute it, he gave the response: "With the church fathers I will have some disputes, but not with the document." Duke Wilhelm of Bavaria was against the Reformation and answered: "As I hear it, the Lutheran teaching sticks to the Holy Scripture and we just sit next to it." Even the Emperor's confessor supposedly said to Melanchthon: "You have a theology which one only comprehends when he prays a lot."

This summer from June 9th to September 24th Augsburg is holding a magnificent celebration of this world-history event. Evangelical Christians from all the Lord's lands are invited and representatives of just about all evangelical church communities will be there.

Even here in America preparations are being made for appropriate celebrations. In individual congregations and synodal assemblies lectures will be held and special festivities planned. Indeed, in the entire world the 400th anniversary of Augustana will be celebrated.

June 27, 1930 page 8

Uniform Ban Enacted


National Socialist Movement Members must take off their Brown Shirts

Berlin. — A group of radical right wing National Socialists received an involuntary solution during the oppressive summer heat in the form of lighter weight clothing.

The police halted them on the streets and forced them to take off their brown uniform shirts in accordance with the recently passed government decree, which forbids members of various political groups from wearing uniforms. After shedding their shirts the National Socialists marched unclothed to the waist through the streets. They were bothered no further.

Later 150 National Socialists, who demonstrated against the uniform ban, were taken into custody however only 18 of those arrested remained in custody because they would not take off their brown shirts. Eight others wearing brown shirts were arrested upon arrival outside the train station.

The usual Sunday brawls between National Socialists and Communists broke out in various parts of the country. At one encounter a Communist was killed and four of the combatants were badly beaten.

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Translation by Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks
July 10, 2023