Webpage 5 of a series of articles from the newspaper The Democracy, which started publication May 30, 1854.
Webpage 1 is located at Democracy 1.
Webpage 2 is located at Democracy 2.
Webpage 3 is located at Democracy 3.
Webpage 4 is located at Democracy 4.

Monday, June 4, 1855

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS - We wish that there could be a corps of officers elected to attend to that portion of public duty which, being "everybody's business" is said to be "nobody's," a more indirect way of saying that most people are too selfish to care for their neighbor's welfare. If there were such officers, laws intended for the good of the aggregate rather than the individual might stand some chance of being enforced. Such a law is that against wanton cruelty to animals. Daily instances of its infringement are numerous enough in great cities, and it is not often that particular ones are singled out for notice, but we heard of a case the other day which we give in support of our position: that there ought to be men who look after the loose and ravelled ends of public duty, which seldom get any attention. A German baker, in the 4th Ward, purchased of a negro crier, an old horse - one of those poor creatures whose lots are cast in unpleasant places - an animal, the owner of which, after working it until it could no longer perform any labor, sent it out to be sold, instead of giving it the benefit of an old age of comfort. The baker purchased the horse for a few dollars, and put it in between the thills of his bread cart, during week days while on Sundays, having no work for it himself, he let it out to Teutonic pleasure seekers. Having no stable, he lodged the animal under the shed roof which sheltered his oven, and there, with its rear to the storm, an alternately hot and cold furnace on one side, and an open, board partition on the other, the poor beast was kept, what time it rested from its compelled duty of bread peddling and its relaxing pursuit of lager bier and pretsels. It was fed on nothing but straw, of which, as our informant stated, the proprietor contrived to "shove a sack full through it" before it died, which it finally did one cold night. The condition of the cruelly abused beast, when it at last found relief, was too repulsive to be particularised. What should be done with the man who thus treated his dumb beast? Ought there not to be an official to see to the administration of the statute against such conduct?

Tuesday, June 12, 1855 - Page 2, column 4

A YOUNG GERMAN EMIGRANT GIRL GROSSLY OUTRAGED - A young German girl named Marie Kurell, arrived in this city about three weeks since from Faderland. The ship on which she was a passenger, had hardly arrived at Quarantine before she was in charge of a runner, who, among other things promised to procure her a good situation if she would accompany him. - This promise he, however, did not, nor never intended to carry out, as will be seen by the sequel. The poor, friendless emigrant, scarcely 17 years of age, without friends, was taken by the villain to an intelligence office, where she was soon after waited upon, as is alleged, by a Mrs. Huffnagle, said to be a procuress in the employ of Henry Schluter and Caroline his reputed wife, keeping a lager beer saloon and house of prostitution, who promised to see that she had a good situation. Marie went to Schluter's house. After being in the house a short time, a man came in and began to talk with her. After a little while he asked her to go into a back room, but she refused, when as she alleges, he took her, and with the assistance of Schulter forced her in, when the door was locked upon her and she was compelled to submit to the most infamous outrages. Here she was kept, and within the first 24 hours of her stay in the house she had been insulted in the same horrible manner by no less than five different men. In each case, she alleges, the persons committing these violences were countrymen of her own. She was kept here, and deprived of her liberty for several days, and finally succeeded in freeing herself by stratagem. She represented to the vile keepers of this den that she had a sick cousin on Staten Island who greatly required her presence and care. By this means she freed herself and made known her treatment to some newly found friends. On Thursday the matter was laid before Mr. Hunter of the Emigrant Squad, who proceeded to take her affidavit, which in substance is as above stated. The complaint was then submitted to Justice Connelly, who issued a warrant for Schluter, his wife, and the woman Huffnagle. The two former were arrested, as was also a miserable woman name Caroline Becker, an inmate of the place. They were taken before the magistrate and committed to the Tombs for examination. Officers Rothschild and Frende, of the above named Squad, who arrested the parties, were unable to find Mrs. Huffnagle, but they are in active search for her. This case seems to be of a particularly aggravated kind, but we are assured that similar outrages are of almost daily occurrence.

Wednesday, June 13, 1855 - Page 2, Column 4


There are lots of them in this country - and tip top stock they ought to be too. The Pittsburgh Gazette speaking upon the subject says:
"A paragraph has been seen going the rounds of the press stating that the last lineal male descendant of Martin Luther was a few years ago received back into the Romish communion. The Bedford (Pa.) Inquirer says that Mr. John L. Luther, now residing in that place is a lineal descendant of the great reformer of the eighth generation, and his family consists of himself, wife, three sons and one daughter, also five brothers and one sister residing in Saxe-Coburg, Germany, all with families. -
There is also one other family of the descendants of his great-forefather, in Saxe-Coburg, and a number of families in the state of Bohemia, Germany. There is also another family of his descendants (Dr. Luther's) in Harrisburgh, Pa. They are all, both in this country and Germany, connected with the Lutheran branch of the Protestant Church and from present appearances, it will be a long time until the family runs out, or the 'last lineal male descendant' will be 'received back into the Romish communion.' Within the knowledge of Mr. Luther not one of his friends has ever connected himself with the Romish Church."

Friday, June 15, 1855

ATTEMPTED SUICIDE - A German named Gottlieb Koch attempted to commit suicide, on Wednesday evening, at a house on the Terrace. The cause was unrequited love, the man having several times been repelled in his honorable advances by a girl of his country, who came to this region with him. The poor fellow became partially deranged and, placing the muzzle of a pistol in his mouth, pulled the trigger. The charge of shot did not enter the brain, but mangled the jaw badly. He will probably recover but in a disfigured condition.

Saturday, June 16, 1855

THE BUFFALO CITY DIRECTORY FOR 1855 - Messrs. THOMAS and LATHROPS have ready for delivery this morning, their City Directory for the present year. It is a handsome volume, containing over eighteen thousand names and an alphabetical list of business houses and firms in the city. A map of the city also accompanies the volume. This Directory is an improvement upon those of former years, as it is gotten up in the New York style, in double columns, and substantially bound. It contrasts most remarkabely with the first issues of the Buffalo Directory, of 1828 - 29, or thereabouts, when the whole was comprised in a little brochure of about fifty pages, one of which was devote*******the "Colored Persons," some thirty in number.

For sale at the Commercial office.

Transcriber's Note - the space between "devote" and "the" contained no text.

Tuesday, June 19, 1855

THE CATHEDRAL OF ST. JOSEPH - Bishop Timon announces to the diocese under his charge, that the edifice recently erected on Franklin street, near the corner of Swan, will be dedicated as the Cathedral of St. Joseph, on Sunday, the first of July, proximo. We have before spoken of this structure in terms of praise. Architecturally speaking, it is the finest Gothic building in the State, out of New York city. A "plenary indulgence" is granted to the members of all the churches in the diocese in commemoration of the event.

Thursday, June 21, 1855 - Page 2, Column 4


Extract of a letter from a correspondent at Frankfort-on-the-Maine, Germany, to the Department of state, at Washington:

"As to the salaries of clerks and the price of labor, I am enabled to give the following rates furnished me by a citizen of the place:
The salaries of clerks in banking-houses, $250 to $700 per year; in merchant-houses, $120 to $150 per year.
Wages of a carpenter (per day) in summer, 29 cents net; in winter, 27 cents net; of a mason (per day) in summer, 29 cents net; in winter 27 cents net; of a blacksmith, forty cents or fifty cents per week and boarded; baker, 40 cents per week, and boarded; coopers, 48 cents per week, and board; house servants - women from $1 tp $2.40 per month; men at all prices, from $6 to $8 down to their board only. Recently the price of labor has somewhat advanced, but still there are a great many unemployed hands. Expert workmen and good and experienced servants obtain higher rates than here stated, but there is a vast throng who cannot even get work at rates under these."

Thursday, June 21, 1855

There was an old witness on the stand in our Court House last week, in an ejectment suit - an Indian warrior, of the Senecas, named SCAJAQUADA, one hundred and one years old. He was brought to testify to the condition and the occupancy of the land across the Creek, at the foot of Main street. He now lives on the Cattaraugus Reservation.

Saturday, June 23, 1855

THE CENCUS [sic] begins to go in. Fredonia, in Chautauqua county has a population of 2,078. In this city we learn that a striking increase of wealth has taken place since the last Cencus. The evidence of it is in the diminution of the number of families occupying one tenement. This necessity of clubbing their means, so to speak, has almost ceased. Families now live almost alone - each in a house of their own. These tenements, too, are generally owned by the occupants and not leased.

A striking difference in the thrift of the Germans and Irish is seen. The former acquire land and build houses, in all cases nearly. The latter seldom do it. But little improvement, in this respect, is seen by the Marshalls since the last Cencus.

Monday, June 25, 1855

GO AND SEE IT - To-day our German citizens celebrate the festival of St. John the Baptist, at that pleasnat place, Westphal's Garden. This is in the Faderland the anniversary feast celebrating the coming of Summer, and is a custom which has been observed from time immemorial in a large portion of Germany. The programme consists of gymnastic exercises by the"Turners' Society," swinging [sic] by the "Liedertafel," dances, etc.

Tuesday, June 26, 1855

ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST - The German festival in honor of this Saint and the incoming of Summer which was appointed for yesterday was postponed to Thursday.

Wednesday, June 27, 1855

DROWNED - A lad named LOUIS HOFFMAN, recently a carrier in the employ of the proprietor of the Courier, was drowned by falling off Black Rock pier, on Sunday morning, while fishing.

Thursday, June 28, 1855

THE DAY WE CELEBRATE - The Germans are preparing to raise a fine liberty pole in the Fifth Ward, on the 4th of July. It will cost some $500.

Friday, July 13, 1855

TRINITY CHURCH - The Argus says it will be recollected that some time ago the Commissioners of the Land Office passed a resolution authorising the prosecution of a suit against Trinity Church, to test the title of its lands, on the compliance with certain conditions. Afterwards this resolution was rescinded. Yesterday the latter resolution was rescinded, leaving the former, authorising a suit, in force.

Tuesday, July 24, 1855

NEW GERMAN BANK IN CANADA - The Germans of Waterloo County are about establishing "The German Bank of Upper Canada," at Berlin, the capital of the county, with a capital of $500,900. There are over 30,000 Germans in that vicinity, mostly from Pennsylvania. There are many very wealthy men among them. Their religion is Menese, Tunkards, Moravians, New Jerusalemites and Methodists.

Friday, August 3, 1855

CENSUS RETURNS - Full returns of the Census of the following Wards show a population in the third Ward of 4,349; in the sixth Ward, 7,345; seventh, 7,804; eleventh, 3,498; twelfth, 3,850; thirteenth, 818. Of the towns in the county, full return, additional to what we have already published, the following is the population: Amherst, 5,156; Aurora, 3,641; Lancaster, 5,472.

Saturday, August 4, 1855 - Page 2, Column 4

Don't be Modest -- Ask Enough!

A new German political organization is movin [sic] Ohio. Their plans and operations are worthy of note. They have taken the name of the Free Germans. They propose to obtain control of the National Legislature as a preliminary measure, then put down slavery gradually; to throw open seats of honor and trust to atheists, to abolish the laws for the observance of the Sabbath, to get rid of the Bible, to abolish the "ruinous traffic in the public lands" by giving them to all who choose to settle on them; to give any "poor colonist" who desire it a sum of money out of the national treasury to start in life with; to establish a new State department to look after the immigrants; to render citizenship as easy as possible to immigrants; to establish a maximum of wages for wages of labor; and to declare by law that no man shall be compelled to work more than ten hours a day; to give all State contracts to associations of wormen [workmen], or, where no associations compete, to oblige contractors to give security that they will pay high wages to their men; to appoint German teachers in the free schools; to abolish fees in courts of justice; to render any citizen eligible to office in any State or county; to establish free trade with nations who do the like with us; to abandon the principle of international neutrality and get into trouble with foreign nations on the earliest pretext; to concede to women the same rights as men; to give full right of suffrage of the blacks; and finally to abolish capital punishment. This is a pretty strong bill of fare for "our adopted fellow citizens" to present to us.

Tuesday, August 7, 1855

ANOTHER CHURCH DIFFICULTY - We learn that some difficulty has arisen between Bishop Timon and the parishioners of St. Peter's (French) Church, situate on the corner of Clinton and Washington street, in regard to the government of the same, and an order was read, on Sunday, from the pulpit, declaring that church closed for the present. Is this a repetition of the St. Louis difficulty? We guess it is.

Tuesday, August 7, 1855

QUITE NATURAL - A circular has been issued by the Scotch, English, Germans and Canadians, to foreign settlers in the United States, inviting them to Canada, and rid themselves from the influence of Know Nothing societies, which are pointed against them, in business, political and religious matters.

Friday, August 10, 1855

FATAL JEALOUSY - DR. WM. DE HUMBOLDT, the inventor of the preservation innoculation against yellow fever, has been administered to him some poisonous mixture, which has driven him mad. It is believed to have been done through jealousy of certain medical men in Havana. A physician and two other persons have been arrested on a charge of complicity in the crime

This ends the coverage of the Journal available at the Buffalo and Erie County Public Library.