and established a lithographic facility. He died in 1908.
One of the foremost German-American poets, if not the most important, is Theodor Kirchhoff, who was born in Uetersen, Holstein in 1828. He composed many lyrical poems while still in the gymnasium [academic high school], took part in the Schleswig-Holstein War of 1849 and emigrated after its conclusion. After intermittant stays in St. Louis, Davenport, Holmesville, Osyka, Mississippi, Clarksville, Texas, New Orleans, Altona and Kiel, where his father was mayor, he returned in 1863 to the United States. From New York he traveled over Panama to San Francisco, then settled in The Dalles, Oregon, where he established a lucretive business. Going through Nicaragua, he traveled back to New Orleans. He stayed in the South until 1867 and then took a difficult stagecoach trip to Idaho. He was in business there and in Oregon. In 1869 he settled in San Francisco. For six years he operated a wholesale establishment dealing in goldware and jewelry. At this time he dedicated himself to literary pursuits. He traveled more and this led him to the Sandwich Islands. He died on March 2, 1899 in San Francisco. He made contributions to Die Gartenlaube, Daheim, Deutsche Blätter, Gegenwart, etc., Californische Kulturbilder and others.
Ernst Anton Zündt, born in Georgenberg near Mindelheim in Württemberg in 1819, studied philosophy and law in Munich. He came to America in 1857, where he published the Green Bay Post in Green Bay, Wisconsin. Then he edited Otto Ruppius' newspaper Gradaus and he was a contributor on newspapers in St. Louis and Minneapolis. In Jefferson City, where he spent his later years in his son's home, he died in May 1897. He gave German instruction in public schools. He wrote Lonely Hours, dramatic poetry, festival plays and other works. Jakob Heintz, born in Alzey, Hessen in 1833, was a furniture manufacturer in New York and a gymnastics enthusiast. He wrote From the Leisure Hours. Hugo Andriessen, born in Langenberg near Düsseldorf in 1843, was an apothecary in Beaver, Pennsylvania. He wrote poetry. Anton Thormählen, born in Varel, the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg in 1829, lived in Milwaukee from 1856. He wrote Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread and other works. Emil Sutro Schücking, born in Aachen in 1832, emigrated in 1850 and since 1858 was a merchant in Baltimore. He wrote poetry. Ernst Reinhold Solger, (1820 - 1866) born in Stettin, came with Kossuth to America. He was Assistant Registrar for the Treasury Department in Washington, D.C. under President Lincoln. He wrote The State System in Europe and other works.
Victor Precht, born in Bremen in 1820, came to America in 1862 and later returned to his homeland. He wrote Jakob Leisler and other works.
Friedrich Carl Castelhun, born in Nordheim near Worms in 1828, emigrated in 1846, studied medicine in America and Germany. He practiced medicine in St. Louis and for a time in San Francisco. He wrote Poems. He died in the year 1905.
Julius Bruck was born in Brieg, Silesia in 1833. He was assistant physician in the New York Steuben Regiment during the Civil War. He practiced medicine in Newark, New Jersey and for a time was editor of the Zickel'schen Zeitschriften. He returned to his homeland in 1889. He wrote Colorful Blossoms, festival plays and other works. Friedrich Albert Schmidt was born in Hilchenbach, Westphalia in 1852. He emigrated in 1872, lived in Louisville amd then Cincinnati. He was a dye factory owner. He died in 1890. He wrote poetry and translations, including an excellent rendition of Edgar Allen Poe's The Raven. Max Eberhardt, born in Germersheim in 1843, came to New York in 1852, studied law, was a lawyer in Cincinnati and settled in Chicago in 1868. He wrote poems, cultural history essays,
German-American Historical Writing and other works.
Otto Körting (1840 - 78) was born in Dessau. He was a famous violinist. He emigrated to America in 1870. He was first violinist for Theodor Thomas, a concert master, music teacher and critic in Cincinnati. Rudolf Erdmann under the pseudonym Rudenz Edelwacht, was born in 1848 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He was a practicing physician in Batavia, Ohio. He wrote poetry. Theodor Häring, born in Frickenhausen, Bavaria in 1833, emigrated in 1860 and was a physician during the Civil War. He practiced medicine in Green Bay, Wisconsin, Bloomington, Illinois and La Grange, Illinois. He wrote poetry. Adolph Pohle wrote under the pseudonym Julius Blume. He was born in Bautzen in 1848 and came to America in 1851. At first he was a minister, then an apothecary in St. Louis. He wrote poetry. Heinrich Lange (1836 - 74) was born in Bremen, He emigrated to the United States in 1854. He later returned to his homeland. He wrote poetry. Paul Löbel was an actor and comic, who later became a journalist in Baltimore. He sank into depression and killed himself as a result. He wrote poetry.
Hugo Schlag (1836 - 86) was born in Sangershausen on the Haardt. He emigrated in 1868. He was a typesetter. He died in New York. He wrote Thomas Münzer and tragedies. Wilhelm Riggert, born in Stadorf near Hannover in 1852, emigrated in 1873. He settled in Brooklyn, New York. He wrote Twilight Hours. Frank Siller, born in St. Petersburg in 1835, came to America in 1850. He lived in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and Gotha, Florida during the winter, where he operated an orange grove. He wrote Travel Letters from the South, The Song of Manitoba and other Poems, and other works.
Caption under picture at center reads F. H. Lohmann
Otto Soubron, born in Bremen in 1846, came as a child to America. In Milwaukee he was a collaborator on German dramas for the English theater. He was a dramatic poet and he wrote Passions, The Angel from Trenton and other works. Julius
Gugler, born in Stuttgart in 1848, came to America in 1854. He translated Herwegh's Workers' Songs into English. He owned a large lithographic facility in Milwaukee. He wrote poetry and other works.
Friedrich Michel, born in Ingweiler, Alsace in 1865, owns a ladies hat shop in New York. He is beloved as a public reciter of poetry. He wrote Asraklänge and other works. Friedrich Edgar, born in Berlin in 1865, emigrated in 1883. He settled in Brooklyn, New York. Many of his works are printed in German-America Poetry. Maurice Reinhold von Stern wrote Proletariat Songs.
Willibald Winckler was born in Magdeburg in the province of Saxony in 1838. He moved to Cairo, Egypt, in 1855 and wrote a grammar of everyday Arabic. In 1863 he came to New York. He went to Mexico as a correspondent for the Kölnischen Zeitung until he was expelled by Emperor Maximilian. He was employed as a journalist in Chicago, Milwaukee,
Caption under picture at center reads Friedrich Michel.
Cincinnati and Baltimore. He died in 1871 in Stuttgart. A year before this he had taken an appointment from Hallberger's. He wrote poetry, In Egypt, Songs of a Bird of Passion, Four Days of Terror in New York, historical novels, Schulze and Miller in America, The German Provincial in America, Maximilian I's Last Days, a tragedy, and many others. Friedrich W. Hess (Friedrich Adolf Hasselt), was born in Hamm in 1838. He emigrated in 1858, was a physician during the Civil War, later practicing in Baltimore and Cincinnati. He died in 1877. He wrote A New Magdalene. Rudolf Thomann (1847 - 90) from Lüneburg, emigrated in 1870. He was editor of the California Demokrat in San Francisco. He wrote The Life and Deeds of Johannes Schaute, alias John Shoddy.
Leopold von Schenck (1843 - 86) was born in Heidelberg, emigrated in 1868 after becoming well acquainted with the dreadful miseries of an officer's life, which he wandered into after his varied university days. After this he attempted work on a farm, in a brickyard and as a teacher; then he became a journalist, first in the West, later taking over the editorship of the N. J. Freien Zeitung in Newark. In 1876 he became editor of Puck in New York, where his genius came into its full measure. He died on April 13, 1886. Emil A. Knotser from Vienna, came to America in 1873, was editor of the Seebote in Milwaukee and since 1886 Puck in New York. He died on April 28, 1888. He wrote Deceased Parents, dramas and other works. Paul Julius Immergrün, born in Riede near Bremen in 1833, landed in New York in 1869. He wrote Heart, World and Fatherland and other works. Curt Tiersch was born in Eibenstock in 1845, emigrated in 1871 and became an editor in Kansas City. He wrote poetry. Fritz zur Windmühlen, born in Rastede, Oldenburg in 1853, came to America in 1876. He was editor of the Demokrat in Lancaster, Ohio. He wrote Home and Foreign Lands.
A writer, scholar and philanthropist of more than national reputation is the librarian of the Astor Library in New York, Hermann Rosenthal *, who was born on October 6, 1843 in Friedrichstadt, Kurland. In 1881 he came to America and as secretary of the Baron Hirsch Society founded the first agriculture colony for Russian Jews in Lousianna, others following in South Dakota and New Jersey. In 1892 Rosenthal was sent to the Far East by the Great Northern Railway and in 1893 he sent back reports concerning his official surveys in Japan, China and Korea. In 1893 - 1894 he was secretary of the German-American Reform League. Since 1885 he has contributed to the New Yorker Staat-Zeitung. He is editor of Hebrew Monthly Intelligencer in New York, was granted the Red Cross Medal
Caption under picture at right-center reads Dr. B. A. Baer.
was editor of the Russian section of the Jewish Encyclopedia and a member of the Royal Russian Orphanage Society. Rosenthal translated for the first time from the original Hebrew text into German Koheleth or Words of the Collector, a 4th or 3rd Century B.C. book from the Old Testament, which portrays Solomon as a teacher of wisdom, thus a preacher; From Rosenthal we also have The Song of Songs and a translation of Hugo Ganz's The Land or Mystery (Russia).
Eduard F. Leyh, born in Meimers, Saxony-Meininger in 1840, emigrated in 1861. He died as editor of the Deutschen Correspondenten in Baltimore on July 2, 1901. Undoubtedly Leyh was one the the most important writers and poets that German-American journalism had. He also accomplished much as a translator. His translation of the Star Spangled Banner is an excellent achievement. He wrote The Pine Forest Cottager and other works. He contributed to Gartenlaube, Grenzboten, etc.
Wilhelm Keilmann, born in Hechtsheim near Mainz in 1845, was a journalist and editor in Indianapolis and Evansville, Indiana. He wrote Heart's Blood and other works. His festival cantata for the Columbus Fair of 1892 was awarded a prize. Hermann Determann, born in Amsterdam in 1841, emigrated in 1870. He was an editor in Evansville, Indiana and Columbus, Ohio. His pseudonym was Willibald Roland. He wrote poetry.
Emil D. Kargau was born in Grünberg in Silesia in 1832. Until he lost his sight in 1888 he was co-editor of the Westlichen Post. He died in 1907 in St. Louis. He wrote poetry, etc. Wilhelm Feistkorn, born in Steimbke near Hannover in 1847, took part in the Franco-Prussian War and came to America in 1872. He was an editor in St. Louis and later in Cleveland, Milwaukee, Chicago, Baltimore then again Chicago. Georg Juraschek, born in Grünberg in 1853, emigrated in 1885 and died in 1908 in New York, where he was employed for years as a journalist. He wrote Songbook of the Christian Israelites. Carl Reuter-Kerger, born in Wiedenbrück in 1864, arrived in New Orleans in 1883 then went to California, New York, Detroit and Fort Wayne, Indiana. He wrote poetry. Joseph Alexander Seebaum, born in Warsaw in 1846, emigrated in 1873. He was a music teacher in Chicago. As a publisher known for his wicked satire and biting sarcasm, he produced the humorous weekly paper Tamtam, which ceased publication a few years after his death. He wrote In Confusion and other works. Carl Lorenz, born in Stuttgart in 1858, came to America in 1880. He was a journalist in New York and then in Cleveland. He wrote for Withered Leaves. Carl Knortz, born in Garbenheim (Wahlheim in Werthe's Sorrows) in 1841, emigrated in 1864. He studied the Indian languages, for a time was editor of Pionier; editor in Cincinnati and currently in Evansville, Indiana. He is the compiler of numerous works, including Tales and Sagas of the North American Indians, etc. Wilhelm Müller, born in Heppenheim in 1845, came to the United States in 1866; At first he worked as a teacher in Indianapolis and Cincinnati, then after Schenk's death he was editor of Puck, but stepped down due to illness. He currently lives in Arlington, New Jersey. He wrote Scabiade, or the Life and Deeds of Fritz Schäbig and other works. Hermann von Wahlde, born in Neuenkirchen, Oldenburg in 1846, left Germany in 1866. He was an organist and then a teacher in Louisville and Cincinnati. He wrote poetry.
Heinrich H. Fick, born in Lübeck in 1849, came to New York in 1864. He was then a teacher in Cincinnati, Chicago and again in Cincinnati. He wrote poetry. Wilhelm Alpers, born in Harburg in 1851, left Germany in 1871. He was a teacher in New York. He wrote The Hero's Bride. Carl Theodor Eben, born in Ravensburg in 1836, came to America in 1853. He wrote Grammar of the English Language and other works. He settled in Philadelphia. Georg Herrmann, born in Württemberg in 1840, left Germany in 1867.
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