According to an announcement in the October 16, 1916 edition of Deutsch-Amerika, it was owned and published by the publishers of the Buffalo Demokrat.

Deutsch-Amerika, V.2 no. 4, January 22, 1916

Top Captions: Left - In a German Munitions Factory. Right - In a Belgian Coal Mining District.

Row 2: Left - Tunnel Building in Berlin. Right - Tram Conductor

Row 3: Left - Telegraf Messenger. Right - Window Cleaning

Bottom: Left - School for Female Car Drivers. Right - Lady Window Cleaners on the job.

Women's Work during the War

Despite decades of hope and effort, discussion and debate the Women's Movement in Germany made few strides forward. However in a few months war has produced results out of necessity. Dozens of occupations have opened up to women. Previously who would have thought a women could become a watchman or a security officer? Until the beginning of the war how many cities would have even considered employing the weaker sex to operate a cable car? Today the female cable car conductor is a common sight regardless of whether we board the tram in Mannheim, Frankfurt, Berlin or Posen. And now we read that women are leaders in transportation management as well. Berlin is hiring postwomen and other districts are following suit. Women, who are accustomed to keeping their houses clean and in order are lending a hand cleaning the streets. With men in short supply railroad managers are attempting to recruit female conductors. These are women who have proven their reliability through the years as customer service and administrative clerks. Switchers and platform attendant positions are also available for women. The lack of manpower and the high cost of living have prompted women to seek more difficult physical labor which used to be exclusively for men. People in Berlin no longer consider seeing women doing excavation work a strange sight. Fall target dates have turned women into furniture movers and pedestrian and bicycle courier services are now supplied by female cyclists in business uniforms.

During the war women have even progressed in the skilled trades. To replace their men wives who helped their husbands for many years are cutting hair and giving shaves. The same is true for quick shoe repair. We've also heard reports of female chimney sweeps. The lack of journeymen has opened the door to female apprentices and we're seeing female stonemason and baker apprentices. More than ever women are needed in manufacturing where operations require delicate handiwork. In grenade factories women's work begins in the foundry with the production of the grenade's core and the cleaning of the grenade housing. Women also stand at their lathes busy trimming the so-called "lost head" on the casting mold, with turning the copper ring and threading the fuse. They work at boring and milling machines, they fill grenades with explosives and secure them in munitions containers.

During the war the field of women's work has opened up to a broader and broader range but despite this expansion of occupational avenues the female worker's marketplace would not be called favorable. The ever-widening stream of women entering the workforce who previously were daughters of a household or housewives has managed to bring the level of unemployment back up to the normal level despite the shortage of manpower.

Deutsch-Amerika V.2 no. 23, June 3, 1916

Letter Exchange between Germany and America.

While the majority of us are searching the newspapers looking for information on the war the female students of the German Department of a high school in Cinncinati Ohio are receiving it first-hand. The students in the advanced classes are receiving letters from girls in Germany, in part from cities near the theaters of operations. These are places the students have never seen before but have become familiar with through the letter exchange. With the help of the International Letter Exchange Board in Leipzig Professor Jos. Grover has brokered the exchange of letters between his students and similarly aged girls in Germany. The American girls write their letters in the German language while the German girls answer in English. At both ends the letters are corrected and then sent back to the senders. The letter writers have become so familiar with each other that they no longer limit themselves to letters but add photographs, locks of hair, dried flowers and small momentos.

Before the outbreak of war the letters from the German girls dealt exclusively with school activities but since the first battle they are full of reports about the war. For example, here writes Marie Duwek from Brakel: "Oh, if I were a man and could shoulder a weapon for my fatherland. I would confront our enemy." Yet another girl communicated that fewer hours are devoted daily to studying than before because more time is spent gathering and packing gifts of love. "It's a sad task but we're doing it for the Fatherland," she concludes in her report.

Caption at top reads: Letter Exchange between American and German Girls.
The teacher and students of the German Department of the High School in Cinncinati, Ohio.
Sitting from left to right: Ethel Coplan, Bertha Rogasky, Corrine Hirschberg. Standing: Prof. Grover, Belle Bowman, Elsie Eschenbach and Eugenia Kornan.

Deutsch-Amerika V.2 no. 23, June 3, 1916

The German Festival in Boston

Unlike the Germans of New York who have always identified themselves by their native organizations and who sometimes have suffered from a overabundance of said organizations, the Germans of Boston and its environs simply blended in with the rest of the population until the beginning of the war. But then the war broke out and these Germans, who were dispersed every which way, came together in service to their old fatherland, organized themselves and stood together as one entity. This was true on May 14th when a monster concert was held to benefit the German Red Cross. The concert was a huge artistic and a financial success. Under the direction of assistant conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Ernst Schmidt, and in coordination with Mr. Hermann Weil and Mrs. Sophie Illing-Schmidt the United German Singing Societies of Boston presented a splendid program. The "Arena", Boston's largest festival hall, accommodated an unfathonable number of guests, over 5000 people. There were solo performances plus a choir of over 400 voices and 100 instruments which were received with resounding applause. Mr. Weil sang with his usual brilliance the aria from The Flying Dutchman and the Wotan's Farewell and Fire Incantation solos from The Valkyrie. Mrs. Illing-Schmidt, wife of the conductor, sang Agatha's aria from Der Freischutz and received well-deserved applause. The entire festival was a great success.

Caption under photograph at top - Festival Committees for the German Red Cross Concert in Boston.
Back row (from left to right): Gottlieb Koch, P. Gaden, F. Fandel, Michael Hagelstein, Max Dietrich, Carl Schriftgiesser, John Kirchmayer, Ernst Scmidt, F.E. Muchleder, Gustav H. Wuth, Geo. C. Golembiewski, Carl Mayer, Franck Meichsner, Gerhard Flieger.
Front row (from left to right): Fritz Does, Carl Schleicher, Wilhelm Schleicher, Wilhelm Schmitt, Franz Banz, Jacob Reiss, Emanuel Marcus, Louis Hffmann, Emil Schilde, O. Horsman.

Caption under photograph at bottom - Audition for the great German benefit concert in Boston with a hundred musicians and four hundred singers.

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