Deutsch-Amerika April [29?] 1916 - The front page identifying the date and volume of this article is missing. However the page 17 of this issue carried part five of a continuing serial titled "Klar zum Gefecht." Part six was in the May 6, 1916 issue.
Confirmation of the German Bazaar's date comes in a May 5, 1916 ad in the Buffalo Commercial Advertiser.
An esteemed reader and bazaar worker in Buffalo wrote to us: A while back I saw a cartoon in a humorous magazine which I couldn’t get out of my mind. A small, well-dressed child stood alone at a garden fence and looked at a calf on the other side of the fence in a meadow. ‘Oh, you poor calf,” said the child. Your Mama has probably also gone off to a card party too.” A fair number of our own small children might reply the same thing, only the activity would be, your mother is busy working at the bazaar. Indeed for the most part that’s where most of our German ladies can be found since they’re not at home. The success in other cities had prodded us into action and by holding a bazaar in our beautiful city of Buffalo we hope to raise a goodly sum for our needy German brethren.
We’ve rented the largest hall in the city, the Broadway Auditorium on the city’s east side, because that’s where most Germans reside. Mrs. Jacob Schoellkopf and Mrs. Hans Schmitt, two very popular and prominent ladies, preside as leaders of the bazaar committee. It will be a pleasure to work with them. Miss Bertha Raab is a German school teacher who has presided as president of the German-Austrian-Hungarian Ladies Aid Society since its inception. Especially given the circumstances, she has accomplished many great deeds. The society consists for the most part of ladies of very limited means who have denied themselves much in order to contribute their small offering but who give joyfully with an open hand. Miss Mara Bredel, also a German school teacher, heads the Work Committee. Both she and her female assistants deserve recognition. Miss Bredel will manage the Red Cross booth at the bazaar. The Ladies Society will have six other booths. The proverb recited by our German community certainly echoes here, No quiet time day or night! Mrs.Schoellkopf and Mrs. Schmitt have created a Biedermeier garden in which ice cream and other fine items and trinkets can be exchanged for cash.
The Schlaraffia Society currently is leading anything but a contemplative existence. Their members are managing a booth where flowers will be sold. They’ve given themselves the task of raising a small fortune, which certainly won’t be difficult for them since they enjoy great popularity in the community.
I hear the Ladies Society plans to host an orgy in lightning cakes and rolls, in preparation for which they’re sewing decorations day and night for their booths. The gentlemen are also capably giving assistance. Dr. Gaertner is president and managing with a firm hand. Mr. Chemnitz, head of the German schools, manages accounts and records. The German-American Bank has generously put a room in their building at our disposal. Mr. Heller will accomplish the not-so-easy task of pulling all the various threads together. I can’t report anything about the ladies costumes but in secret circles it’s said that there will be beautiful early 19th century European and medieval court costumes.
The event will open May 4th and all are invited. Make haste, dear guests. We’d rather see you coming than going! Stop on by May 4th.
Architect Krause and painter Alphons Ball, artistic director for the bazaar, have set up the auditorium to look like an old German village on fair day. The walls of the auditorium will be tented so you can’t see through to them. Big Bertha will be placed in the forest where awed spectators can get a good look at her. The entire auditorium will resemble a pine grove.
Upon entering people will see the old German village on fair day filled with vendor booths and various other attractions. Two roads lead through the village, in the middle of which lies a welcoming early 19th century garden tended by lovely German ladies and girls.
In the background there’s a podium under which the visitor can view a battlefield with trenches. Shelters and mobile kitchens complement the scene along with platforms set up for prize shooting contests. In the trenches and around Big Bertha soldiers dressed in authentic field-gray uniforms will be posted.
The bazaar opens on May 4th with a parade starting on Main St. led by the German singing societies, which will make their way towards the auditorium.
|The Buffalo Commercial, May 5, 1916, page 10
Deutschwehr [German Defense] Fair off to Good Start
Auditorium Converted Into Veritable German Village For Bazaar
To Aid War Victims
Many Attractions to Repay Those Who Visit Interesting Fair — Crowds There For Opening of Affair.
Converted into what had the appearance of a typical German village, the Broadway Auditorium was the scene last night of the opening of the Deutschwehr charity bazaar, the big benefit that will be held until May 13th for the aid of the war sufferers in Germany and her allied countries. The bazaar was launched well on its way, a large number of people turning out for the opening night.
Girls wearing costumes typical of the different German states: men with feather hats, knee breeches and stockings, forming a delightful blend of color, made the picture complete. To all appearances one was in the center of a thriving German village.
There was music galore while the costumed girls went their rounds, selling candy and flowers and numerous articles on display at the many booths. Other attractions were to be found, among them an exhibit of a 42-centimeter gun.
The bazaar opened with the singing of American and German national songs and short addresses in German, in which the object of the bazaar was set forth. Dr. William Gaertner, chairman of the bazaar, presided. Mayor Fuhrmann and Councilmen Hill, Heald, Kreinheder and Malone were present.
Of special interest to those present were the Red Cross booths and a large model of an iron cross into which one could have a silver or iron nail driven for the sums of $1, 50 cents or 25 cents. This cross will be sent to Potsdam to be placed in a park as a remembrance of what Buffalo did for the war sufferers.
Scheduled for the afternoon at 4 o'clock was a production of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, in which 150 children take part, the procession to be led by Jessie Bonstelle. A feature of every night at the bazaar will be singing by various German societies.
Addresses were given last night by Dr. Gaertner, Father George Sellinger of Saint Matthew's Church, Stephen Panaretoff, Bulgarian minister at Washington; Ernst Erler of Berlin, vice-president of the Deutschwehr; Captain Louis Schmidt, president, and Henry Lierz, vice-president of the Philadelphia Deutschwehr. Rev. T.F. Bode of Saint Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church, spoke in English.
Among ther members of the various committees occupying the platform during the opening ceremonies were: Dr. William Gaertner, Julius Haecker, Richard Krause, Jacob Heyl, F.O. Geyler, A.W. Donmen, Mrs. J.F. Schoellkopf, Ernst Heller, Matthew J. Chemnitz, Bruno Herbschleb, Charles A. Zenkert, William J. Koester, Mrs. Hans Schmidt, Mrs. William Gaertner, Mrs. Adi Erler, Jacob F. Schoellkopf, Hans Schmidt,, Ernest Erler, George Bedemeier, Joseph F. Eltges, Frank B. Held, Robert H. Heussler, Charles Moehlbauer, Martin Hiesemann, John L. Luebben, Miss Bertha Raab, Jacob Heyl.
|The United States declared war on the German Empire April 6, 1917. Earlier in the year, U.S. authorities suspected that funds from a German bazaar held in New York never reached the German Red Cross.|
|The Evening World (New York, New York), March 10, 1917, page 1
NEW GERMAN PLOTS BARED;
Accredited Agents Sent Here to Collection From Germans and German-Americans
DIRECTED FROM BERLIN
Believed Red Cross Never Got Bazaar Money, Including $700,000 Raised in N.Y.
With definite information of the Mexican revolution plot, the Hindu rebellion plan and the conspiracy against America in event of war, the Government prepared to lay before the Federal Grand Jury to-day a new phase of German activity against the United States. This consists of the sending to this country of accredited German agents to assess, for the cause of Germany, certain stipulated amounts upon loyal subjects of the Kaiser in this country and on German-Americans who desire the favor of the Kaiser after the war.
A score of German agents, sent with credentials of their Government, have arrived in this city in the last two months and have approached prominent Germans and German-Americans with the proposition which is said to have involved No. 76 Wilhelmstrasse, the location of the German Foreign Office in Berlin. Thousands of dollars have been collected and the identity of the collectors is in most cases known to the Department of Justice.
Coincident with this discovery it is known that before the closing of the investigation by the Federal Grand Jury into spy conspiracies it will take up an inquiry into the expenditure of $5,000,000 raised in this county in bazaars and fairs ostensibly for the German Red Cross.
It is known that, under instructions from Washington, the agents of the Department of Justice are investigating the disposition of $700,000 said to have been raised in this city by German bazaars and fairs for the purpose of aiding the German Red Cross and never, so far as is known, transmitted to Germany.
An assessor for the German Government, sent here to fix the amount to be levied upon Germans and German-Americans, is known to have told part of this plot to agents of the Department of Justice and the only reason that facts have not heretofore been laid before the Federal Grand Jury is that the officials of the State Department have asked that disclosures of this form of activity be withheld until the President gives the word.
The information in possession of the Department of Justice and the officials of the United States Attorney's Office, is declared to be sufficient to indict many persons. The Federal officials are under special instructions not to discuss the matter.
|Buffalo Evening News May 3, 1917 |
Distinguished Guests Coming to Big Bazar
Buffalo's Representative Men and Women Respond Generously to Call for Mass Meeting at Majestic Hall -- Success is Assured.
Buffalo's representative men and women responded generously to the call for the big mass meeting in the interests of the Allied bazar in the Majestic theater last evening. American, British and French flags were intertwined in harmonious array and the hundreds of small American flags in the hands of those present spelled patriotism in an emphatic way. Final reports of committees discussed the fact that Buffalo is to be honored by several distinguished guests during the bazar.
The resolution was adopted, urging Theodore Roosevelt to open the fair. Mayor Fuhrmann, chairman, opened the meeting with a short talk, outlining the purposes of the bazar. Former Presient William H. Taft and James W. Gerald, late ambassador to Germany, have signified their intention of coming while Sir Cecil Spring Rice, British ambassador; Enrico Caruso and prominent Canadian officials have been invited to attend.
John C. Bradley and Ray Crandall spoke of the part the United States is to play in the present war and urged Buffalo to be patriotic to the fullest extent in making the bazar a success. Mrs. John Miller Horton made a strong appeal for the people of Belgium. She said the Daughters of the American Revolution will devote their energies in the bazar mostly to helping Belgium.
Mrs. Henry Altman, chairman of the advisory board; Albert M. Jones, John McF. Howie and Ernest W. McIntyre also spoke to the people of the various nations they are to represent in the bazar. C. Pascal Franchot, French consul at Buffalo, declared Marshal Joffre and other notable Frenchmen had been invited to come to Buffalo.
Dr. Charles R. Borzillieri spoke for Italy and Dr. Francis E. Fronczak for Poland. Paderewski and his wife have been invited to attend the bazar. Richard Humphrey spoke for Wales and Mrs. John A. Van Arsdale spoke for the Armenians. It is planned to bring Mr. Taft here for the opening day, May 23, while the street pageant is another feature planned, said Mrs. Crandall.
The meeting closed with a general talk by Ansley Wilcox and the singing of "The Star Spangled Banner."
Word was received from Washington that the members of the French mission may not be able to include Buffalo in their itinerary but that it is propably that all the members for the British commission will visit Niagara Falls and Buffalo. A.A. Landon, president of the Buffalo chamber of commerce, and John A. Van Arsdale arrived at the capitol last night with invitations for both bodies to visit this city.
|Buffalo Evening News May 5, 1917 |
Miss Maria M. Love called a meeting of the chairmen of committees in the American section, Allied bazar, yesterday morning at the Hotel Genesee.
The American section had received as a gift from Mrs. John W. Derrigan of Orchard Park a crocheted bedspread, which it has taken two years to make. In lieu of the personal service during the bazar which Mrs. Derrigan is not able to give, she has sent the bedspread with the hope that $150 may be realized through it for the Red Cross.
The needlework committee of the American section is presenting many novelties, but the most novel of all its displays will be a Chow puppy, the gift of Sheldon Thompson. Yesterday Mrs. Mai Davis Smith, chairman of the booth, was given a complete layette for a baby. In view of the need for money in other directions Mrs. Smith and her committee will offer no article for sale which has not a distinct use. The women of the booth are meeting once a week to make articles and in addition gifts have been promised from the shops, hats, gowns, blouses, negligees, frocks for little girls and many other beautful things. Three old fashioned Sheffield platter covers have been given to the booth.
The committee assisting Mrs. Smith includes Mrs. James H. Dyett, Mrs. Allan L. Holloway, Mrs. M.C. Bartholomew, Mrs. E.M. Husted, Mrs. John C. Quintus, Mrs. Oliver A. Jenkins, Mrs. Alice H. Clark, Miss Clara M. Diehl, Miss Susanna McDougall, Miss Isabel Duncan, Miss Cecelia Plummer, Miss Rose Marcus, Miss Alice J. Thompson, Miss DeForest, Miss Jessup, Mrs. Frank H. Ransom, Mrs. George B. Webster, Mrs. Frederick L. Truscott, Mrs. Charles M. Clarke, Mrs. Ernest Montgomery, Mrs. Josephine Dodman, Mrs. Avery C. Wolfe, Mrs. Edward L. Kleinhans, Mrs. F.H. Underwood, Mrs. Sheldon Thompson, Mrs. Grosvenor Gowans, Mrs. Douglas Cornell, Mrs. E.S. Warren, Mrs. E.A. McLeod, Mrs. Henry L. Brown, Mrs. A.H. Alberger, Mrs. George F. Hulen, Mrs. Oliver Allen, Mrs. Albert S. Fenton.
Mrs. Henry Altman, chairman, and the members of the advisory board, has arranged the rally this afternoon at 3 o'clock in Elmwood Music Hall, to which all school children of the city are invited. George D. Emerson will preside. There will be a patriotic talk by Peter A. Porter, the bugle call and raising of the American and Red Cross flags. Parents as well as children are invited.
A subscription dance will be given for the Italian art booth next Monday evening by the teams headed by Mrs. Charles R. Borzillieri, chairman of the art booth.
|The Buffalo Commercial (Buffalo, New York), Wednesday, May 23, 1917, page 5
MAYOR TO OPEN ALLIED BAZAAR
Public to Get Its First Insight of Monster Exposition Tonight
All Allied Nations to Be Represented
Promptly at 7 o'clock this evening Mayor Fuhrmann will formally declare the Allied Bazaar open to the public. Every day from now through June 2nd, including Sunday, the bazaar will open at 1 o'clock, to remain open for the afternoon and evening.
Every detail of the big decorative scheme will be in place for tonight's opening. The booths will display their most attractive wares and throngs of shop keepers in foreign garb will press their wares upon the purchasers. Every penny expended at the booths goes intact to the starving women and children of that nation, not one cent being expended for expense of any kind.
In the out-door garden which the Daughters of the American Revolution and other patriotic women are having for the benefit of Belgium, Mrs. John Miller Horton, president of the board of patronesses, will hold an informal reception this evening, assisted by the members of the board. All patronesses are invited to meet Mrs. Horton at the booth. Archer A. Landon, head of the board of governors, will be official host this evening and on each succeeding afternoon and evening.
In the Belgian garden this evening there will be a program of music and folk dancing. The gypsies who are to tell fortunes in the garden throughout the bazaar will sing and dance.
A rare opportunity is to be afforded visitors at the American division. There will be displayed a Curtiss aeroplane which has been offered to the division with the privilege of selling rides.
Among the keepsakes which have been given to the bazaar management is a cameo brooch which has come to the English division with a letter from an aged woman, who wrote, "This pin has been in my family for generations. It is my most prized possession. I have no money to give to my country, but I send this with the hope that you may realize some money from its sale."
An equally valued treasure was pulled and pushed and dragged into the bazaar office yesterday. A small boy, panting with his exertions, held one end of a frayed rope. The other end was attached to a Newfoundland dog some sizes larger than its owner. The dog had been brushed and combed to show to the best advantage.
In a quivery voice the small boy declared that he had brought his dog to be sold to buy bread for those hungry boys in Belgium. The boy was assured that his sacrifice need not be accepted in as much as it might involve some suffering on an animal incapable of understanding the object.
Space in the auditorium has been well utilized. The aisles are wide enough for ten persons to walk abreast. The side and cross aisles are no less comfortable. The booths are inviting arcades leading into wide courts.
In the center aisle, close to the entrance to the old citadel which has been transformed now into a southern California mission, a replica of the statue of Liberty holds aloft a blazing torch, reflected in the folds of the tri-color of France and the Stars and Stripes of this union of states. On each side of the Bartholdi figure, are the Versailes [sic] and Fountainbleau groves which makeup the French booths. The Armenian booth on the east wall of the hall has a touch distinctly Oriental in the curious windows and doorways. The Serbian house adjoins and combines a suggestion of the ruggedness of the country and the peculiar romance of its people. Nearby are the towers and peaked roofs of the humble Belgian home. Suggestive of Ayr and the hills of Scotland are the thatched roof a the rough slabside walls of the Scottish home, intended to be a representation of Robert Burn's birthplace.
|Not all Buffalonians received invitations to partipate in the Allied Bazaar. The Buffalo Orpheus Singing Society had to ask to join, and Buffalo's African American community was invited by the English contingent then rejected by the Americans.|
Täglicher Buffalo Volksfreund -
Wednesday, May 2, 1917
Buffalo Orpheus seeks permission to participate in the Allied Bazaar
The Orpheus had to beg to take part in the German Defense Bazaar
Maxwell M. Nowak, chairman of the executive committee, and Louis Fuhrmann are reported to be very pleased by the request.
Acting for the society Mr. Mueller requested sufficient room be placed at its disposal for a beautiful booth. Furthermore the society will contribute to the enterprise by taking up a collection, providing various articles for sale, and performing songs to enhance the event.
Mayor Fuhrmann expressed his delight: It is a generous offer. I congratulate those who are aligned with this plan to prove their American sympathies.
Although the Anglo-French War Commission has decided not to include a visit to Buffalo in its travel plans, it is hoped that at least a few members of the Commission will be greeted at the bazaar.
Archer A. Landon, the president of the bazaar, has already sent invitations to Washington. A.J. Balfour, Marshal Joffre, and M. Viviani have also received invitations.
Chauncey Hamlin has sent an invitation to Theodore Roosevelt and has high hopes that he will attend.
Täglicher Buffalo Volksfreund -
Wednesday, May 3, 1917
The Orpheus in an uproar.
Members declare themselves “not in agreement with the ingratiating tactics of the Executive Committee”
Fear of Serious Consequences for the Society
Not for the English but for the Americans.
Numerous members of the Buffalo Orpheus, the so-called first German-American singing society of the city, is, as has been reported to us in person by a member of that society, upset by the actions of the executive committee with regard to the Allied Bazaar. “These gentlemen, who coldly rejected the German Bazaar and its activities in the interest of poor German widows and orphans, now crawl on their knees and humbly beg they be allowed to participate in the bazaar lending aid to the people of England.” The above mentioned member of the Orpheus further stated, “This has absolutely nothing to do with patriotism and Americanism since its not an American bazaar but one dedicated to foreigners at a time in which in our own country our American people are faced with fear and anxiety for the future. The government, the press, and the American people see the specter of famine draw near and it should be our task to take care of our own people instead of waging our tails in the service of our concerns for the British.
“The most frustrating aspect of this issue is the fact that not once did the executive board meet as a whole and the staff officers were not consulted. This was a measure taken by a few men who were never truly dedicated to the German people!”
Further comment is not necessary!
|New York Age (New York, New York), Thursday, May 31, 1917, page 2 (see bottom of the page)
BUFFALO BAZAAR BARS RACE SAVE AS DODGER
Buffalo, N.Y. - R.T. Talbot, who is drawing down a tidy sum for himself while promoting the American Allied Bazaar at the Broadway Auditorium, has given the race a slap in the face. About a month ago, certain members of the English Department invited a committee of representative colored men to attend the meeting of their division, held at the Iroquois Hotel. They were given a cordial reception and invited to participate in the bazaar with the English Division. The American Division had made no overtures, nor taken any steps whatever to have the race take an active part in the bazaar. The committee was increased to about sixty members, men and women, who threw themselves heartily into the movement, collecting funds and merchandise for the booth.
Two days before the opening, Talbot, the promoter, of Southern origin, deliberately insulted the committee, telling them they were not wanted and that there was no space for them—that they had come in too late. The Irish people came in ten days before the opening, space being readily found for them. There are only ten Armenians in Buffalo, yet space was made for them. The committee pointed to these facts, and to the work and trouble to which the people had been put in responding to an invitation that was not sought by them, but which having accepted they desired to live up to. Talbot was ruthless, however, presenting various subterfuges to rid himself of the race and their service, flating telling them at last that they were not wanted, and that the English Division exceeded their authority in inviting them.
Numbers of the race in Buffalo are Americans, but born under the British flag either in Canada or the British West Indies, and contend that they have the same right to serve the same as any the other person now American, that was born under the Union Jack. Nothing availed, and the Negro is barred so far as respectable service is concerned.
Insult is added to injury, in that among the various concessions at the bazaar, a booth having as its main attraction an "African dodger," has made it appearance in defiance of the law against such.
|The Buffalo Commercial, Saturday, June 2, 1917, page 7
THE ALLIED BAZAAR
Everything in Every Section