| Deutsch-Amerika v.3 no.3, January 20, 1917|
An esteemed reader and bazaar worker in Buffalo wrote to us: A while back I saw a cartoon in a humorous magazine which I couldn’t get out of my mind. A small, well-dressed child stood alone at a garden fence and looked at a calf on the other side of the fence in a meadow. ‘Oh, you poor calf,” said the child. Your Mama has probably also gone off to a card party too.” A fair number of our own small children might reply the same thing, only the activity would be, your mother is busy working at the bazaar. Indeed for the most part that’s where most of our German ladies can be found since they’re not at home. The success in other cities had prodded us into action and by holding a bazaar in our beautiful city of Buffalo we hope to raise a goodly sum for our needy German brethren.
We’ve rented the largest hall in the city, the Broadway Auditorium on the city’s east side, because that’s where most Germans reside. Mrs. Jacob Schoellkopf and Mrs. Hans Schmitt, two very popular and prominent ladies, preside as leaders of the bazaar committee. It will be a pleasure to work with them. Miss Bertha Raab is a German school teacher who has presided as president of the German-Austrian-Hungarian Ladies Aid Society since its inception. Especially given the circumstances, she has accomplished many great deeds. The society consists for the most part of ladies of very limited means who have denied themselves much in order to contribute their small offering but who give joyfully with an open hand. Miss Mara Bredel, also a German school teacher, heads the Work Committee. Both she and her female assistants deserve recognition. Miss Bredel will manage the Red Cross booth at the bazaar. The Ladies Society will have six other booths. The proverb recited by our German community certainly echoes here, No quiet time day or night! Mrs.Schoellkopf and Mrs. Schmitt have created a Biedermeier garden in which ice cream and other fine items and trinkets can be exchanged for cash.
The Schlaraffia Society currently is leading anything but a contemplative existence. Their members are managing a booth where flowers will be sold. They’ve given themselves the task of raising a small fortune, which certainly won’t be difficult for them since they enjoy great popularity in the community.
I hear the Ladies Society plans to host an orgy in lightning cakes and rolls, in preparation for which they’re sewing decorations day and night for their booths. The gentlemen are also capably giving assistance. Dr. Gaertner is president and managing with a firm hand. Mr. Chemnitz, head of the German schools, manages accounts and records. The German-American Bank has generously put a room in their building at our disposal. Mr. Heller will accomplish the not-so-easy task of pulling all the various threads together. I can’t report anything about the ladies costumes but in secret circles it’s said that there will be beautiful early 19th century European and medieval court costumes.
The event will open May 4th and all are invited. Make haste, dear guests. We’d rather see you coming than going! Stop on by May 4th.
The United States declared war on the German Empire April 6, 1917. A check of the Buffalo Demokrat and the Täglicher Buffalo Volksfreund produced no evidence that the above event actually took place. However two curious articles from the Volksfreund shows that a different bazaar was being planned on May 3rd.
Täglicher Buffalo Volksfreund -
Wednesday, May 2, 1917
Buffalo Orpheus seeks permission to participate in the Allied Bazaar
The Orpheus had to beg to take part in the German Defense Bazaar
Maxwell M. Nowak, chairman of the executive committee, and Louis Fuhrmann are reported to be very pleased by the request.
Acting for the society Mr. Mueller requested sufficient room be placed at its disposal for a beautiful booth. Furthermore the society will contribute to the enterprise by taking up a collection, providing various articles for sale, and performing songs to enhance the event.
Mayor Fuhrmann expressed his delight: It is a generous offer. I congratulate those who are aligned with this plan to prove their American sympathies.
Although the Anglo-French War Commission has decided not to include a visit to Buffalo in its travel plans, it is hoped that at least a few members of the Commission will be greeted at the bazaar.
Archer A. Landon, the president of the bazaar, has already sent invitations to Washington. A.J. Balfour, Marshal Joffre, and M. Viviani have also received invitations.
Chauncey Hamlin has sent an invitation to Theodore Roosevelt and has high hopes that he will attend.
Täglicher Buffalo Volksfreund -
Wednesday, May 3, 1917
The Orpheus in an uproar.
Members declare themselves “not in agreement with the ingratiating tactics of the Executive Committee”
Fear of Serious Consequences for the Society
Not for the English but for the Americans.
Numerous members of the Buffalo Orpheus, the so-called first German-American singing society of the city, is, as has been reported to us in person by a member of that society, upset by the actions of the executive committee with regard to the Allied Bazaar. “These gentlemen, who coldly rejected the German Bazaar and its activities in the interest of poor German widows and orphans, now crawl on their knees and humbly beg they be allowed to participate in the bazaar lending aid to the people of England.” The above mentioned member of the Orpheus further stated, “This has absolutely nothing to do with patriotism and Americanism since its not an American bazaar but one dedicated to foreigners at a time in which in our own country our American people are faced with fear and anxiety for the future. The government, the press, and the American people see the specter of famine draw near and it should be our task to take care of our own people instead of waging our tails in the service of our concerns for the British.
“The most frustrating aspect of this issue is the fact that not once did the executive board meet as a whole and the staff officers were not consulted. This was a measure taken by a few men who were never truly dedicated to the German people!”
Further comment is not necessary!
|Buffalo Evening News May 3, 1917 |
Distinguished Guests Coming to Big Bazar
Buffalo's Representative Men and Women Respond Generously to Call for Mass Meeting at Majestic Hall -- Success is Assured.
Buffalo's representative men and women responded generously to the call for the big mass meeting in the interests of the Allied bazar in the Majestic theater last evening. American, British and French flags were intertwined in harmonious array and the hundreds of small American flags in the hands of those present spelled patriotism in an emphatic way. Final reports of committees discussed the fact that Buffalo is to be honored by several distinguished guests during the bazar.
The resolution was adopted, urging Theodore Roosevelt to open the fair. Mayor Fuhrmann, chairman, opened the meeting with a short talk, outlining the purposes of the bazar. Former Presient William H. Taft and James W. Gerald, late ambassadore to Germany, have signified their intention of coming while Sir Cecil Spring Rice, British ambassador; Enrico Caruso and prominent Canadian officials have been invited to attend.
John C. Bradley and Ray Crandall spoke of the part the United States is to play in the present war and urged Buffalo to be patriotic to the fullest extent in making the bazar a success. Mrs. John Miller Horton made a strong appeal for the people of Belgium. She said the Daughters of the American Revolution will devote their energies in the bazar mostly to helping Belgium.
Mrs. Henry Altman, chairman of the advisory board; Albert M. Jones, John McF. Howie and Ernest W. McIntyre also spoke to the people of the various nations they are to represent in the bazar. C. Pascal Franchot, French consul at Buffalo, declared Marshal Joffre and other notable Frenchmen had been invited to come to Buffalo.
Dr. Charles R. Borzillieri spoke for Italy and Dr. Francis E. Fronczak for Poland. Paderewski and his wife have been invited to attend the bazar. Richard Humphrey spoke for Wales and Mrs. John A. Van Arsdale spoke for the Armenians. It is planned to bring Mr. Taft here for the opening day, May 23, while the street pageant is another feature planned, said Mrs. Crandall.
The meeting closed with a general talk by Ansley Wilcox and the singing of "The Star Spangled Banner."
Word was received from Washington that the members of the French mission may not be able to include Buffalo in their itinerary but that it is propably that all the members for the British commission will visit Niagara Falls and Buffalo. A.A. Landon, president of the Buffalo chamber of commerce, and John A. Van Arsdale arrived at the capitol last night with invitations for both bodies to visit this city.
|Buffalo Evening News May 5, 1917 |
Miss Maria M. Love called a meeting of the chairmen of committees in the American section, Allied bazar, yesterday morning at the Hotel Genesee.
The American section had received as a gift from Mrs. John W. Derrigan of Orchard Park a crocheted bedspread, which it has taken two years to make. In lieu of the personal service during the bazar which Mrs. Derrigan is not able to give, she has sent the bedspread with the hope that $150 may be realized through it for the Red Cross.
The needlework committee of the American section is presenting many novelties, but the most novel of all its displays will be a Chow puppy, the gift of Sheldon Thompson. Yesterday Mrs. Mai Davis Smith, chairman of the booth, was given a complete layette for a baby. In view of the need for money in other directions Mrs. Smith and her committee will offer no article for sale which has not a distinct use. The women of the booth are meeting once a week to make articles and in addition gifts have been promised from the shops, hats, gowns, blouses, negligees, frocks for little girls and many other beautful things. Three old fashioned Sheffield platter covers have been given to the booth.
The committee assisting Mrs. Smith includes Mrs. James H. Dyett, Mrs. Allan L. Holloway, Mrs. M.C. Bartholomew, Mrs. E.M. Husted, Mrs. John C. Quintus, Mrs. Oliver A. Jenkins, Mrs. Alice H. Clark, Miss Clara M. Diehl, Miss Susanna McDougall, Miss Isabel Duncan, Miss Cecelia Plummer, Miss Rose Marcus, Miss Alice J. Thompson, Miss DeForest, Miss Jessup, Mrs. Frank H. Ransom, Mrs. George B. Webster, Mrs. Frederick L. Truscott, Mrs. Charles M. Clarke, Mrs. Ernest Montgomery, Mrs. Josephine Dodman, Mrs. Avery C. Wolfe, Mrs. Edward L. Kleinhans, Mrs. F.H. Underwood, Mrs. Sheldon Thompson, Mrs. Grosvenor Gowans, Mrs. Douglas Cornell, Mrs. E.S. Warren, Mrs. E.A. McLeod, Mrs. Henry L. Brown, Mrs. A.H. Alberger, Mrs. George F. Hulen, Mrs. Oliver Allen, Mrs. Albert S. Fenton.
Mrs. Henry Altman, chairman, and the members of the advisory board, has arranged the rally this afternoon at 3 o'clock in Elmwood Music Hall, to which all school children of the city are invited. George D. Emerson will preside. There will be a patriotic talk by Peter A. Porter, the bugle call and raising of the American and Red Cross flags. Parents as well as children are invited.
A subscription dance will be given for the Italian art booth next Monday evening by the teams headed by Mrs. Charles R. Borzillieri, chairman of the art booth.
Airships and Artillery
By Alexander Büttner.
Airships play an important the current war and they should not be overlooked as a means of observing weaponry positions. For this well-deserved reason airships have been called "The eyes of the artillery unit." They come in all shapes and sizes for use in a multitude of applications. The military uses large kite balloons, many of which are bound together with manned baskets underneath. These use strong winds to propel them through the air. Stationary balloons designed by Parseval and Sigsfeld have even greater popularity. Due to their construction they have greater bouyancy because they have tails constructed to funnel headwinds. However they also have the disadvantage of becoming good targets for the enemy and easy to shoot down. Consequently they must be placed preferrably in mountainous forest clearings protected from enemy attacks. Larger kite balloons have a gas capacity of 10,000 cubic meters. This is an enormous amount of gas which must often be replenished by a complicated apparatus requiring lengthy periods of tethering. Smaller kites and kite balloons contained about 100 cubic meters of gas. They carry antennas, which enable wireless radio communication, and mobile radio compartments.
Any communications concerning observations made from both types of air vehicles, kites and stationary balloons, are limited to direct contact with areas around the liftoff platforms and thus create certain difficulties. Even with the best binoculars in many cases it's hard to make reliable observations or determinations from the basket. Mostly they are used to determine if a battery of enemy soldiers has found a foothold behind a wooded area. In other cases kite balloons allow an overview of the terrain in order to determine unevenness. However it's most advantageous use is
Caption under photograph at top: A Student Aircraft (in Lübeck) ready for takeoff; the propeller in motion.
Caption of photograph at center: A Taube (monoplane) climbing at a steep angle.
Caption of photograph at bottom: Flight School Students who come from the Best Families.
to observe weaponry as it is firing. The observer stays in the air with a stationary telephone or telegraph link and an artillery officer reports on the location of targets. He communicates on whether the cannons are too near or too far from the target and helps by suggesting changes in direction.
In many cases airplanes are also used to determine artillery proximity. France uses monoplanes to ascertain target strongholds and firing measurements. These small one-seaters climb quickly behind the front, gather their information and return to their batteries. They accelerate rapidly but have limited time of operation since they carry only enough fuel for a half-hour of flight. It may also be assumed that their reports may be insufficient because it is nearly impossible be attain sufficient accuracy and thus improve targeting. A long time before the outbreak of war Germany decided against production of most one-seater aircraft for military use so that a pilot accompanied the observer, who received special training for his assignment, specifically map reading, map drawing and terrain photographing. No other tasks are required and the primary objective is to allow the observer to have a bird's eye view of the ground below. When one flies over enemy territory and fortifications the first time one rarely discovers anything suspicious. One must be an trained observer for a certain length of time before being able to identify haystacks, small bushes, etc. and then be able to determine if the enemy is trying to trick his eyes. When an important discovery is made or a change in weapons range established, in short, when the observer fulfills his mission by means of sensory data, he doesn't have to land and submit his findings and then have them further interpreted by an artillery officer. The observer uses a light pistol to speak in code to the ground. Even easier is the use of a smoke emitter which sends messages in Morse Code which are visible for 1400 meters. This signal apparatus consists of a smoke-filled container which is kept under pressure by an air pump. When a tiny lid is opened the smoke comes out which will hang in the air for up to 2 minutes. Since the airplane is traveling at a certain speed the smoke comes out in long clouds which can be relayed telegraphically. The use of this form of wireless telegraphy is less convenient and more prone to failure due to the vibration of the aircraft when it's under attack or applying defensive manuevers. However there is another optical aid and this is used for extremely important intelligence flights: air photography.
Mr. French, you have one letter too many in your name, an "n"
Caption of photograph at top: Bismark the Flying Dog. Bismark flies like all the other young chaps; he wears a flying jacket and protective goggles. He brings luck -- none of the machines in which he has flown has had an accident.
Caption of photograph at bottom: Double Decker in front of the airplane factory in Lübeck.