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Between the World Wars: Articles from the Syracuse Union, available through the New York State Newspaper Project

July - December 1926


July 2, 1926 page 7

"If I were a German"

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by Dr. F. Schoenemann

Since 1914, and especially after 1919, we Germans have been criticized by foreigners for not standing up for ourselves courageously and convincingly enough before the world, that we not only lack the moral courage but also the ethical conviction. Friends and neutral parties make the accusation in equal measure. It wasn't a German but rather the British economist Keynes who condemned the economic insanity of the Versailles Treaty. And it wasn't a German but the recently deceased Brit Morel who fought so strongly and tenaciously against the lies supporting war reparations. Not too long ago Professor Keynes remarked, "From the days of Versailles to today there's been a lack of passion and conviction from all German government memoranda." Anyone who knows Scandanavia and America will echo this sentiment.

Now the American Herman George Scheffauer criticizes the Germans because he cannot tell the truth to the world or himself that "thoughts and feelings which should burn in every German heart so that all German hearts beat as one no longer have a clear and common language." As an American he will do what the Germans have failed to do. This is the theme of Scheffauer's book: "If I were a German! The Revelations of an American concerning Germany's Greatness and Tragedy" (German translation by B. Wildberg, Max Koch Verlag, Leipzig.) Anyone who has read this wonderful amd excellent book must recognize that only a non-German could write such a captivatingly enthusiastic while at the same time critical work. After this grand work there is no doubt that Scheffauer was the right man for the task. "German by heritage, American by birth and nationality, a bit British in many fields of interest and by extended residency and marriage I have a threefold competency for this work," the author commented. We expatriated Germans already know that one must see the German world from outside in order to have a notion of it as a whole. Those within the German world see it as only a disjointed entity or at worst total chaos. However as expatriated Germans one also recognizes that comfort belongs in the picture. It pulses through the entity as only sympathy in the blood can produce. Since Scheffauer possesses both aspects — a proper intellectual propensity as an outsider and a warm German heart as an insider — he can tackle this assignment with great success.

He draws upon the moral aspects of the war, a general assessment of its values, and especially upon a cancellation of all "measurements which were used by the so-called victors of this time to devalue the moral, spiritual, and cultural concepts of the German people." He wants to shatter the lies told about Germany. He wants to uncover the moral stigma which forced a false peace upon the human soul. How tragic and sinister the economic and political "acquisitions" gained through Versailles were. "If these scars and obscurities remain then we will experience the eventual death of reason, the negation of all higher and positive standards." This is the spirit of a great, unswerving love of justice which lends the book its universal human value. However the author also wishes to dethrone the lies in the German people themselves, to fight against the "disease in the German will," and to awaken a conscious pride in all men of German blood throughout the world. Thus he arrives at his main thesis, as he puts it — "in its boldest, most aggressive, and most relentless form." — "The peace before the war, the war itself, and the false peace after the war have shown, each in its own way, that the German people are superior to their enemies." This is the spirit which this astonishing American composition must set down for all true Germans regardless of native language or color.

In one particular chapter on "Shadows and Limitations" Scheffauer's thesis describes how they represent before all else self-humiliation and discord, not to mention ignorance. However all limitations cannot obscure the facts. "All the great deeds in this war, all the great heroic accomplishments of the highest order that were negated at the end of the war were still accomplished by the German people." This was described in a comprehensive, comforting chapter as had never been written before. He concludes with the warning: "No German may say that the military system in his state might have revealed itself as a gigantic failure. According to the military it was a huge success but according to its enemies is was a dreadful disaster."

The next chapter is titled "Intellectual Summit." It might also be called Germany's cultural influence upon the world. German seekers of knowledge are praised, encouraged but also warned: "Some of them forget Germany since their attention is directed towards humanity. They forget that they advance the world as they advance Germany." Certainly something has not been branded into the hearts of our many beloved countrymen. According to this American, despite all appearances Germany's influence will make the world well again. "But before this can happen, you Germans must first heal your intellect before all existence can be healed."

No less moving is the sober and fact-based evidence that in moral hindsight the Germans are also better than their enemies, that in its long history Germany has committed the least amount of injustice upon other countries. The system of government interests the author only as a "framework for what's most important of all," namely as a true representation of the national mindset. "Germany must become national whereby its grand attributes can enrich the world and gain international attention and appreciation." Germany has also "gained victory by way of peace" since it fulfilled the conditions for peace in a manner which the world has never seen before. Scheffauer ranks this among our greatest wartime achievments. In conclusion he describes the Germans as "creators of a new beauty." As an architect once working in San Francisco he spoke of German architecture and the German pursuit of artistry. He suggested that all German detractors should read about the German notion of form.

The author is always dedicating new passages to the wonder of German superiority. However he also constantly demands that Germans be aware of their virtues — and their vices. — They should improve where they are still bad or operating badly in the world; for example, the world famous discourtesy towards women. "Let goodness and proper conduct grow! Be productive, you Germans. Be polite even when it isn't reciprocated and people will love you. But don't do it just to please other people but rather for your own sake."

If there are books which lead to new books being written, Scheffauer's is one of them. He never praises blindly; rather he enthusiastically yet critically examines and evaluates the Germans. He sees Germany's shadows because he shines his own light on it. And he recognizes Germany's great mission in the world because he knows that Germany can go beyond its defects if it only desires to be precise and steadfast. This desire to fortify, indeed to encourage, is the final message of the book to the German people. As Scheffauer states, "To everyone who is a vital member of this great, holy, indivisible and invincible German Empire!"

                             Der deutsche Gedanke (German Thought [journal published in Berlin 1924-1926])

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Booze Smuggling Flourishes

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This report comes from Helsinki: According to the Finnish Customs Administration, since the Gulf of Finland has become ice free there have been numerous boats used for smuggling alcoholic spirits near the territorial border. Currently near Helsinki eight such vessels are stationed at the usual anchoring places. Another three vessels are on their way. Over the last few days Customs agents have confiscated over 25,000 containers of smuggled liquor. Since Germany has not yet signed the Antismuggling Convention of Helsinki the smugglers are enjoying a temporary reprieve, which they seem to know how to use to their advantage.

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Klagenfurt, Carinthia. At the Sunday performance of the Stolzschen operetta "Der Tag in Glück" (The Happy Day) the young singing comic O. Fassler experienced a mishap when he fell and injured his foot. He will be indisposed for a long period of time.


July 16, 1926 page 7

About French Foreign Propaganda

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From the Stuttgart Neue Tagblatt

To this day France's postwar political literature contains no information on the development, organization and disbursement of French propaganda. One must content oneself with descriptions contained in the budget reports for foreign affairs. Memoires of eminent statesmen and diplomats from the Foreign Service, especially Paléologue, do not contain one single chapter which would apprise us of the actions and results of propaganda related undertakings. We find just as little information in works concerning the establishment of numerous international information, agency, and press services which might offer conjecture concerning French foreign propaganda. The window, through which one might peer into the operations room, is and remains curtained. Indiscrete statesmen do not go about revealing their intended goals in the field of propaganda dispersement in order to weave a new victory laurels into the crowns of fame. What happens remains hidden in the secret archives.

Nothing has been discovered about the insiders of the past. Indeed one must begin with the present and future tasks of the foreign propaganda service. These days a book has been published by the well-travelled and keenly observant diplomat Albert Mousset: Frankreich vom Auslande gesehen (France seen from the outside.) The author is among the busiest agents of the Quai d'Orsay. During the war he worked in the French embassy in Madrid. Afterwards he toured on propaganda missions in middle and eastern Europe. His book indicates that he covered up many things and kept many secrets. In cases where he felt obligated to observe professional secrets he developed an apparent skittishness. To relieve the anxiety he created brilliant anecdotes which would serve as a preview to an as yet unpublished work: The Book of Anecdotes might refer to the Peace Agreement.

The first lines presented in Mousset's book indicate that France's foreign propaganda service is completely organized on the Continent and operates with significant financial resources. It is an integrated component within diplomatic activities. Each representative abroad has control over the work of official and nonofficial propaganda channels. He has the right to make decisions. The centralization of propaganda services which existed before the war is no longer in operation. In its place there is a "debureaucratization" whose results have been deemed effective. The department heads of the Foreign Office have expanded the freedom of action, independence and initiative powers of the diplomatic representatives beyond the parameters which they had before the war and during the time of hostilities. In Paris and outside France they grant their propagandists, who belong to literary, scientific and artistic circles, freedoms which were barely thinkalbe before the war. Mousset communicates that there is constant contact between propagandist in various countries, that agents, "missionaries", function as intermediaries. The primary goals, whose guilding principles are firmly established, are summerized by Mousset as follows:

"Among the intellectual elite of Europe the goal is for France to maintain its role as educator of Europe. There must be the strongest possible expansion of the French language among the masses. France's power of expansion and its potential status rest upon its broadening of French language usage and its intrusion into foreign tongues. In conjunction with this comes the organization of artistic demonstrations and scientific manifestations. Germany's vast dominance in the technical arena must be eliminated, but this can only happen when the Eastern European people, who always live under the influence of German science and technology finally acknowledge the significant inportance of France. Financial investment so far put in place for this branch of foreign propaganda has been too small. — It seems that since the publishing of the book more funding has been dedicated to this purpose. — France's prestige must be upheld by emphatic reference to this point, that with regard to the military supremacy of our country, we are the strongest military power of the continent as basic examination will indicate. Thus it is entirely wrong if we insinuate in our conversations and newspapers that we are downsizing our armaments. Thusfar we cannot comply with the Geneva Convention. The Eastern European people, on whose alliance we must necessarily reckon, will be disillusioned if they constantly hear that we are busy making disarmament plans. Naturally it is in Germany's interests to disseminate reports of such plans in Eastern Europe. The result would be that the nations dependent upon our military power would become uncertain, indeed anxious and thus susceptible to German influence. It's known that Italy has moved away from this unfortunate propaganda technique. Similarly, it would be unwise to disseminate information that due to its decline in birthrates France is no longer in a position to fulfill its treaty obligations. The danger to our country resulting from the drop in the birthrate is unfortunately at hand but it could be said that it's not the head count which is decisive in the achievement of a victory but rather the superiority of araments and the successful conversion of industries..."

Mousset traveled to Eastern and Southeastern Europe as a "missionary." The goal of his tour was to examine the various propaganda techniques and see how they influenced various intellectual and racial characteristics. He communicated nothing about the results yet from its affect it may be inferred that French diplomacy hand in hand with foreign propaganda will create an intellectual foothold in the smaller states of the Entente. Interest in Italy and Spain has dwindled. Czechoslovakia, Poland, Rumania, Yugoslavia — these countries are the primary areas for extending influence. "We are nowhere near finished with these areas," Mousset writes. "Winning over the masses requires year-long intensive activity. Our intelligence service, the contact between French agents and Eastern European newspapers needs to intensify. Press attachés have not yet established intimate relationships with the papers which are influential within the pertinent nations."

Combat against "counterpropaganda" was extensively handled in this book. Previous enemies contend — here Mousset assures his readers, — France is immoral, decadent, and degenerate. Their remarks are effective. To truly counteract such assaults certain "performers" should take their Parisian acts abroad and set up surveillance. We might even suggest to the book censors not to let books such as Margueritte's La Garçonne (The Flapper or The Bachelor Girl) be distributed to the remote corners of the earth. Mousset acted like a dictator. He wanted to put a fence around French literature and deploy customs agents who place their stamp of approval on all exports.

It's of particular interest that the French Foreign Propaganda Service is strictly separate in its intellectual and political goals from commercial endeavors. Mousset considers the mixing of intellectual and political operations with commercial interests detrimental. He demonstrates the damage inherent in German propaganda when mercantile goals are interwoven in intellectual circles abroad. "Conduct good politics, and I will create for you good propaganda," is Mousset's challenge. He believes in parts of the Locarno Treaties but he warns against their overestimation. "We must tirelessly work at the market of sympathies; we must penetrate the avenues of intelligence; we must awaken love for France among the world's elite..." This is the primary goal of French foreign propaganda...

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Coblenz, Rhineland — Recently a great fire broke out in the back room of the hotel "Zum Wildschwein," where tobacco supplies were stored. The professional fire department, the volunteer fire department and the police battled the flames with six hose lines. They managed to confine the fire to the premises. Residents of the threatened neighboring houses escaped to the street. While dousing the flames five firemen suffered smoke inhilation. Damages were estimated at a quarter of a million Gold Marks. The cause of the fire is not yet known.


July 23, 1926 page 1

Accident-Free

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The German Flight Service was accident-free in the Last Quarter

Berlin — With justifiable pride Lufthansa announces that from April 1st to June 30th it completed operations of its 50 airliners without a single accident. Each airplane in its fleet stayed on schedule even though the weather was the worst in a century and included thunderstorms, torrential rainfall and hail. The flight service, originally used only by tourists, now serves more Germans. There has been demand by business travelers of late who book flights regardless of the weather.


July 23, 1926 page 4

She wants to be a Good American

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In a local English language newspaper we find the following passage:

"Yet another example, if you will permit us.

"There is a little seamstress in a certain drycleaning establishment in the city. She was born in Germany and has lived in the United States for a couple of years.

"She works from 8 in the morning until 6 at night — not a short day.

"When her workday is done she goes to night school three evenings a week.

"Why?"

"Because she is trying to master the English language, learn American history and other subjects which are taught in night school.

"And again, we ask why?

"Because she wants to become a good American.

"And she will. This young woman is serious.

"No doubt about, friend."

Today we learned that the young seamstress is no one other than Miss E. Preiss, 161 Malverne Drive, who intends to make a trip to the old homeland in the near future in order to visit her relatives. Then she will return here. Miss Preiss, like so many young Germans, wants to become a good American without forgetting that her cradle was located in Germany and that she will remain German. A good German can be a good American at the same time.


July 30, 1926 page 3

The Sunken Metropolis

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Research into the Ruins of Babylon

"Anyone who wants to travel to Babylon won't use an automobile," writes Arnaldo Cipolla in La Stampa about his visit to the ruins of the old city. "It can be reached via the railroad which begins in Baghdad and extends to the Euphrates and the region where Babylon was located. From here it links with the the holy cities of Islam and extends to Bassora, which is called Basra by the natives and the English. It takes 30 hours to get from Baghdad to Basra. The long railroad journey crosses through the forested burial grounds of the natives of the region and a large contingent of people who died in Persia, Kurdistan and other regions but whose bodies were transported back. The journey does not make the most favorable impression but one eventually becomes accustomed to seeing endless burial grounds.

However between the cemeteries Arab settlements flourish. These are built upon the ruins of the dead people's cities. Limited to small parcels, one sees magnificent vegetable gardens amid lush greenery; eggplants as big as children's heads; giant cauliflowers. There are lettuces which grow as high as cacti and other giagantic plants. One would think life in these areas would be impossible. They're incredibly small and at their highest points 2 miles away from a river. They're surrounded by desert and one can understand that the living and the dead would yearn to escape such desolation. If someone wishes to see something of Babylon he must go to the museum which the English endeavored to put together in the elongated palace which houses the Parliament and government offices of Iraq. I went there one day because I was told that one can see more about Babylon there than one can following the path of the Euphrates. It's not a museum in the truest sense of the word but large chambers in which objects found at gravesites are chaotically scattered on crude tables or on the floor as though they were just taken there to be arranged in order. One scarcely sees anything like a glass case serving to collect and preserve priceless treasures. Inside I saw one watchman who interrupted his work when I entered. He was using watercolors to paint pictures of pottery shards on scrolls which would be sent to the British Museum. The watchman, who was an archeologist and an artist told me, "If we sent the originals themselves to London we'd never see them again. So we satisfy ourselves by sending the pictures to England."

I then take the train to the village of Amurassi. From there it's a short distance on the left bank of the Euphrates to a row of small mounds where excavation is occurring. The first impression one has of the site is of a terrain which has lain under heavy rubble for a long time. If one climbs on one of the mounds in order to get a look at the buried metropolis as it is happily being excavated from knee deep loam, one sees from the famous walls none other than two square towers which rise about 55 feet above painted animal murals. In the background of a small valley one sees another classical set of ruins of Babylon, misshapen lions made out of black basalt. Beyond there is only a chaotic scene of formless walls which are assumed to be the ruins of the imperial palace.

Hillah is located on the other shore of the Euphrates in the valley. It is a holy town of the Mohammedans which leads to Kerbala. Hillah is the true, still vital heiress of Babylon. It is built exclusively out of large rectangular bricks which were rescued from the ruins. A couple miles southwest of Hillah a unique, barrel-formed mound rises from the horizon crowned with a 200 foot high tower made of bricks from the ruins. The Muslims call it Bir Nimrod, while the Christians swear that it's none other than the remains of the Tower of Babel. German archeologists, who were the last to systematically dig the area, are of the opinion that it could only be the Babylonian city of Borsippa, which flourished around 300 years before Christ. Once one takes a look at the relatively small rooms which were traditional in three or four civilizations we take a turn and reach the towers of Astarte on foot. These towers are undoubtedly the most impressive sites of old Babylon. As you know, until now there has been only a dwindlingly small part of Babylon visible in the light of day. There's good reason to assume that under these mounds we may find many unanticipated treasures. It's well known that in this land, which measures about 11 miles in perimeter, people from all over the world have been digging. However if one takes into account the imposing harvest which hard working Germans have produced with extreme difficulty — the Arabs have not even shied away from poisoning the water in the fountains — one has every reason to assume that there is much more to do. One need not leave unnoticed that during the nine months of the year this site is a veritable furnace which makes it impossible for Europeans to remain. Many scholars have fallen ill from sunstroke and become casualties to science. The two towers of the forts of Istar and Venus still stand firm and steady and the bas-reliefs on their stones show marvelously clear markings of a style similar to all Babylonian buildings "recognizable for their Eqyptian influence."

Cipolla suggests that there are still three hundred giant crates there which contain articles excavated by the Germans in Babylon and Kish. The government of Iraq has not yet permitted these crates to be transported back to Germany because they have not yet decided if the finds should be considered "spoils of war" which should be confiscated. It should be pointed out that the German excavations took place in the years 1911-1913.

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The Contract of the Gold-Maker

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In the year 1693 Colonel Johann Hektor v. Klettenberg, an alchemist by reputation, went to Berlin. Crown Prince August II, who had a great need for gold, received the man graciously and sealed a contract with him which contained fifteen remarkable paragraphs, a few of which we give here: "In the service of the King for at most fourteen months, the Colonel prepares a universal tincture which changes impure metal into pure gold, and when finished, within fourteen days sealed with a handshake he will duplicate the the procedure in perpetuity. — Additionally he will within two months prepare a tincture by which human nature is preserved into old age from all illnesses, also employing external marks or punctures a thin piece of silver shall be transformed into fine gold. — Before the beginning of the work he will deliver a true description of both tinctures and their duplication to the King, who shall not let it come into others hands. — He will be subjected to all conceivable punishment if the King does not find the desired effect after the work is completed. The tincture shall be used twice; once in the King's laboratory and once in Klettenberg's own; however the King shall receive three quarters from both sites and one quarter shall remain with the gold-maker. — The Colonel v. Klettenberg shall faithfully reveal to the King all of his other God-given knowledge of metallurgy..." Despite this contract with all its assurances Klettenberg was kept for six years by the King who expected to acquire many millions in gold from him. When things began to get too hot for him in Saxony he tried to flee but he was caught at the border. His head fell under the executioner's hand at the fortress in Königstein.

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— A fundamental error.
Salesman: "May I recommend a vacuum cleaner to you?"
Nouveau riche housewife: "We don't have a vacuum to clean."


July 30, 1926 page 8

Beware!

New Regulations for obtaining Immigration Visas in Germany

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As previously reported, German immigrants here in America no longer need to go to Ellis Island. Instead they can leave the ship in New York in order to go to their respective destinations. However all second and third class immigrants will be forced to present themselves to the United States Immigration authories and submit to an examination by public health doctors before leaving Germany.

Said passengers can get their immigration visas at one of the five listed consulates: Hamburg, Berlin, Cologne, Stuttgart and Bremen.

As before, visitors requesting immigration visas must go to the American consulate in the district in which they reside. Later they will be notified when and where to appear for inspection and physical examination.

For example, if an applicant lives in Leipzig he should visit the United States Consulate in Leipzig where he will be informed when and where he must submit to examination at the Berlin Consulate.

Below we publish a list the consulates where visits for visas can be made and those where visas are issued:

Immigrants who reside in the districts of Brandenburg, Bremen and West Prussia must visit the consulate in Berlin, Wilhelm Strasse 46-47, for their visas after they have completed their examinations at Berlin, Wilhelm Strasse 46-47.

District Silesia — Visits for immigration visas are available at the American Consulate in Breslau, Elsass Strasse 12. Examination in Berlin.

District Sachsen (Saxony) are taken at the Leipzig District — Visits for immigration visas are available at the American Consulate in Dresden, Waisenhaus Strasse 19, 2. Examination in Berlin.

District Leipzig, Thuringia, Anhalt, Province of Saxony. — Visits for immigration visas are available at the American Consulate in Leipzig, Otto Schiller Strasse 1. Examination in Berlin.

East Prussia and Marienwerder District. — Visits for immigration visas are available at the American Consulate in Königsberg, Schloss Strasse 6.1. Examination in Berlin.

Freistadt amd City of Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and Lubeck. — Visits for immigration visas are available at the American Consulate in Hamburg, Ferdinand Strasse 58. Examination at the same address.

Rhineland north of the Mösel, Westfalia, Schaumberg-Lippe and Waldeck. — Visa visits in Cologne, Am Hof 24-26, 2. Examination at the same address.

Hessen-Nassau, Hessen, Rhine Palatinate. — Visa visits in Frankfurt am Main, Schiller Strasse 20; Examination in Cologne, Am Hof 24-26, 2.

Rhineland, south of the Mösel. — Visa visits in Coblenz, Victoria Strasse 2; Examination in Cologne, Am Hof 24-26, 2.

Württemberg, Baden and Hohenzollern. — Visa visits in Stuttgart, Eberhard Strasse 10; Examination at the same address.

Bavarian State, except for the Rhine Palatinate. — Visa visits in Munich, Leder Strasse 25; Examination in Stuttgart, Eberhard Strasse 10.

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Becoming a Gymnastics Teacher in Buffalo

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George Jacquin, Jr., who for 18 years has been associated with the local gymnastics club, will accept a position as a gymnastics teacher this Fall at the public schools in Buffalo. He received his instruction in gymnastics from Prof. Fritz Nicke and won prizes at various district, state, and national gymnastics events. The young man is the son of George Jacquin, best known as an interior designer on the northside of the city and a veteran-member of the Syracuse Gymnastics Association. George Jacquin is a graduate of Normal College in Indianpolis and has already received many honors and had many positions as a gymnastics instructor. Currently he works as a supervisor of boys at the Schiller Park Playground.

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Mr. and Mrs. John Maurer and their son of Butternut Street have returned from an extended auto journey to the East.


August 27, 1926, page 6

Let Us Remember the Dead
by Walter E. Mossdorf, Syracuse, N.Y.

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As it was last year, may it also be today.
Let us all socially gather.
At work, at leisure, and at play
Spending companionable hours together.

Let us not forget so lightly
Those who are with us no longer,
Stars can never burn as brightly
The departed we feel so much stronger.

They were with us at our convention
Last year in Utica's hall.
Now they rest under earth's protection
The Reaper issued the call.

They were our sisters and brothers
Love and friendship for every soul.
True to our society's orders
Humanity was their goal.

True members in joy and sadness
Their memories we retain.
Hearts of gold, full of kindness
In love their spirits remain.

So today let us sing with joy and ardor
Dance and embrace with love.
But not forget our sisters and brothers
Gone to the world above.

We still live and our eyes are clear
Fear not what the future will bring.
Who knows what may happen by next year
And of whose departure we may sing.

Raise your voices, extend fond greeting
But lower your eyes in remembrance
For those holding their own meeting
At the underworld's grand entrance.

— (Soft Music or song)

Now, brothers and sisters, let us rejoice
And celebrate just being here
As Harugaris sing with one voice
Now and in the coming year!

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Grand Lodge Meeting of the German Order of the Harugari in Buffalo, N.Y.
August 26 and 27
1926


August 27, 1926 page 10

Harugari Convention in Buffalo

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1927 Conventon to be held in Syracuse

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Return of Delegates to Syracuse to be celebrated in the Harugari Temple on August 29th.

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Besides the 22 delegates of the local Harugari Order a large number of "party followers" have returned here from Buffalo, where the annual general meeting of the Grand Lodges of the State of New York Order of the Harugari assembled.

On Wednesday afternoon the reception and greeting of the representatives took place in the headquarters of the Harugari Temple in Buffalo. On Thursday morning at 9AM the opening meeting of the grand lodges commenced. After a communal luncheon served by the sisters of the Buffalo Harugari Lodge the general meeting resumed at 2PM. Later there was an automobile journey through Buffalo and then on to Niagara Falls in which all delegates participated.

In the Harugari Temple that evening an entertaining program, which was performed by the host lodge, had the desired effect on the delegates. The sisters of the Hertha Lodge executed a successful "drill." Songs, musical performances, speeches and recitations proceeded in a brilliant series.

A more serious moment occurred as a poem written and recited by Mr. Walter E. Mossdorf of Syracuse followed: "Let us remember the dead" received great approval. The poem is printed in another section of this newspaper.

Today, Friday morning at 9AM business meetings will take place. In the afternoon upon completion of business there will be nominations for new grand lodge officers. Deputy Grand Bard, Mr. Andrew König of Utica, died during his term in office. Current Grand Supervisor, Gustav Lösch of Buffalo, will probably be elected Grand Bard. As of now it is a mystery who will be elected Deputy Grand Bard and Grand Lodge Supervisor. The same goes for Grand Secretary provided Mr. Gottlieb Frank of Buffalo, who has held the office for 20 years, remains true to his intention not to run again for office.

The delegates of the Onondaga District resolved to reelect Mr. Walter Mossdorf as a Grand Lodge officer once they return to Syracuse either as Grand Secrertary or Grand Supervisor. However at the last minute he declared he had no inclination to run for Grand Supervisor and it would take the greatest powers of persuasion of the delegates of the Onondaga District to get him to seek nomination. Mr. Frank Schöck of Buffalo, the current Grand Treasurer, will undoubtledly be reelected and it is hoped that the next Grand Lodge meeting will be held in Syracuse.

This evening there will be a banquet and a ball to honor the Grand Officers, representatives and guests.

Reception for the Syracuse Delegates

For the return of the Syracuse delegates and possible grand officers there will be reception held on the coming Sunday, August 29th at 5PM in the Harugari Temple. Mr. John Dudley was appointed chairman in a meeting last Friday evening. There will be entertainment and all Harugaris are cordially invited. A committee has taken on the task of arranging a pleasant and entertaining evening and there will be a report on the grand meeting in Buffalo.

It's hoped that all Harugaris will be in attendance on Sunday to make this reception truly special. A dance will close the celebrations, which begin at 4 [sic] in the afternoon. Admission is free.

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The German Mark can stand on its own.

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The German Mark, which since its stabilization stands at an exchange rate of 4.20 to the Dollar or 23.80%, went to 23.81 ⅜ in New York yesterday due to actions by the German government. This means that the Mark is currently in a strong position to stand alone in the exchange markets and that its value will be determined in the natural manner of supply and demand.


September 3, 1926 page 1

Protest against the Quota.

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German Immigration must not be adversely affected

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Protest shall be sent to Congressional Representatives

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With the new immigration quotas in place as of July 1, 1927 Germany will be adversely affected in obvious ways while British immigration will be favorably affected. Considering the undeniable fact that German immigration has been a blessing for our country since the creation of the American nation, that German pioneers have achieved excellence in all fields of human endeavor in the United States, and that the German element stands at the forefront of cultural, industrial and economic development, it is the duty of every German-American to rise in energetic protest against the intentional quota reduction of German immigrants.

Thus there is an unrefusable summons to all associations and every resident of German ancestry to contact the senators and Congressional Representatives of their districts and make them aware of the new quota adjustments.

The Form of the Protest

The German-American Pioneer Society of Scott County, Iowa, has gotten the ball rolling and passed a protest resolution which every association in the country and every German-American should endorse and direct towards Washington. The protest should have the following format:

To the Honorable ..................
                        Washington, D.C.

Dear Sir:

We understand that the "Immigration Quota" for Germany on July 1, 1927 is going to be reduced from 51,227 to 22,017, while the quota of some other countries is to be raised.

This certainly would be an injustice to the German Nation, as the immigrants from Germany have shown their true American patriotism in 1776 as well as in 1861-64 and also in the late World War under extreme difficult conditions.

Our society of ....... members are mostly of German descent, and it was resolved to ask you to do your utmost to have the quota remain as heretofore at 51,227.

This was passed at our meeting on ................ 1926, at ................................

The Congressional Representative of this district is Walter W. Magee, who is seeking renomination.

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Leipzig Fall Trade Fair opens

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Leipzig — The Leipzig Fall Trade Fair, which opens its gates on Sunday, promises to be one of the grandest and most opulent ever. This fact should truly strengthen the rapid revival of trade and commerce in Germany. More than 10,000 exhibitors from 22 countries including the United States have registered and over 140,000 buyers from 40 coutnries are expected to attend.


September 10, 1926 page 3

Tragedy

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Rodgers, the hero of Hawaiian aviation, dies in an accident.

Philadelphia, Pa. — Commander John Rodgers, the hero of the San Francisco to Hawaii flight, is dead. Mourning reigns in the Marines and its Flight Corps. On his flight to Hawaii he had to entrust his seaplane to Pacfic Ocean waves. It took nine days before he made it to land. Recently he intended to land at the Marine Air Field of the Naval Yard when his plane encountered a crosswind. At an altitude of less than one hundred feet he crashed into four feet of water of the Delaware River. He had been circling the airfield at the time and was making his final approach when the accident occurred, causing his sudden death. The mechanic accompanying him, Samuel Schulz of Philadelphia, broke his back as a result of the crash. Unable to escape his fate, he died in the Marine hospital.

Rodgers came from Washington to a conference with other Marine flight officers looking for like-minded aviators to attempt high altitude flight at 3000 feet.

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All Religions are the same

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Leading in their own way to the top of the mountain

Chicago, Ill. — Jiddu Krishnamurti, the young Hindu whom the Theosophists have proclaimed the vessel of the great world teacher, recently told his audience he would bring a message to America which could liberate it from worries about frivolous music, drink and like concerns. Americans are a bunch of children who occupy the third floor of a hundred story building and at that low level their view of the environment is obscured yet they deprive themselves the challenge of gaining a higher perspective.

The path to the higher perspective which he — like Christ, Buddha, Confusius and others before him have attained — can be reached through Mohammedanism, Hinduism, and Christianity. Basically all religions are alike. Everyone tries to reach the top of the mountain by various paths. Things remain the same no matter which path you take as long as we rise up together. America will hear his message because it is new, without traditions, and hungry for the truth.

The Theosophists held their 40th annual convention. At the meeting of the Order of the Morning Star, to which he belongs, Krishnamurti is the chairman.

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Fire-damp [Flammable gas found in coal mines]

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32 Bodies already recovered from the Coal Mine

Clymer, Pennsylvnia — In the mining village of Clymer there is sorrow and grief due to the fire-damp which recently plagued the Clymer Mine operated by the Clearfield Bituminous Coal Corporation and subsidized by the New York Central Railroad. An undetermined number of miners who were working under the surface were surprised by the catastrophe and either killed or cut off from the path to freedom.

While one side estimated the number of dead at 44 last night, the officers of the mining company said they did not believe that more than 25 men lost their lives.

By 6:30 AM the next morning the number was increased to 32 while four other miners were taken to the hospital in Dixonville. At this point there is uncertainty about the fate of 12 others workers. It's believed that 13 miners were saved at the scene of the accident and brought up to safety.

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Fort for sale

Washington, D.C. — Fort Montgomery with its 600 acres of land on Lake Champlain near Houses Point, New York and acquired by the United States in 1812, will be sold to the highest bidder by the War Department on September 16th.

The fort was nearly completely built when it was discovered that Uncle Sam had built it on Canadian soil. By changing the boundry line, to which Canada agreed, problems between the two countries were avoided. However the error prompted a nickname for the border fortification — "Fort Blunder."

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An Example for German-Americans to Imitate

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The following letter was received from Dr. Robert Rössler of Hoboken, N.J. concerning distinguished German-American warriors from the former Consul General of the United States in Munich, the Honorable P. [sic] St. John Gaffney:

To Dr. Robert Rössler, 522 Hudson St., Hoboken, N.J.

Dear Dr. Rössler!

I regret that I an unable to accept your invitation to present a lecture before the Hoboken Steuben Society. As you may know, I have made preparations to travel to Europe at the beginning of June. Moreover I must spent many days in Washington before my journey. I hope that after my return home I may be permitted to speak before your society.

I will take this opportunity to direct an urgent appeal to the men and women of German blood in America to launch a crusade for the defense and rehabilitation of German reputations against the flood of slander and reproach which have been let loose since the outbreak of the war.

The German race in the United States was and is too humble and apologetic. This behavior is not worthy of a people who triumphantly fought for four and a half years against the world. Most assuredly the time has come, and it is the holy duty of German Americans, to assert their strength and launch an offensive against their enemies in this country who have trampled their honor under foot for years.

Germany was guiltless for the war. To this day no proof has been offered which convicts the German government of open or secret assaults in world peace. All documents, which are slowly coming to light from the archives of the European countries, testify to peace-loving politics by the Kaiser and the German government.

As long as lies about Germany's responsibility for the war persist within the public opinion of America German-Americans will be treated as an inferior race. It fills me with pain when I have to say that a large portion of our fellow Germans-Americans behave indifferently towards this dreadful allegation. The honor of their fatherland stands at risk and no man or woman of true German blood should refrain from doing their part to rehabilitate German reputation. I urge your people to organize, to fortify your ranks and stand together and united on thie vital issue of saving the honor of German reputation. Support the Steuben Society and soon you will triumph over the detractors and defilers of German names!

Commentary on this letter is superfluous. It speaks pure truth and every German recognizes in it the holy obligation to defend his race and his name. "Can we live up to this? If we had any warriors and leaders up to Dr. Rössler standards Pittsburgh's German community would soon capture positions of respect they deserve in the worlds of business and politics.                   D.R.

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Ku Klux Klan for Christman

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From Little Falls comes the report that the Ku Klux Klan in Herkimer County has declared itself for Hon. Franklin W. Christman.

For many this is just another reason why there should be support for Wadsworth's candidacy.

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Charter Meeting of the Western New York Gymnastics District

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On September 11th and 12th the yearly charter meeting of the Western New York Gymnastics District will take place in Utica.

The meeting will be held in the Hotel Martin. Delegates from Syracuse, Auburn, Buffalo and Rochester are expected.

On Saturday evening a reception will take place for the delegates and members of the Utica Gymnastics Association.

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New Altitude Record Achieved

Jean Callizo, a French aviator, achieved a high altitude record on August 23rd. He flew to an altitude of 12,442 meters, approximately 40,009 feet. This is 376 meters higher than the previous record.

His instruments were officially examined and his achievement verified.

The cold was so intensive at the altitude he reached that his thermometer, capable of registering temperatures to 50 degrees below zero Fahrenheit, no longer functioned.


September 10, 1926 page 3

Secret Diplomacy

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Important negotiations on the fate of the German people are taking place at this time in Europe and are planned to take place for the next few months.

One meeting is taking place in Evian, a small region in the French Alps. Supposedly "coincidentally," the most important finance men of the western world are there to attend the sessions. J.P. Morgan; secretary of the Treasury Mellon; S. Parker Gilbert, the General Agent for German Reparation; Sir Robert Horne of London; Ferdinand Dupuy, France's most distinguished reparations expert and several other important men of finance have gathered at this until now little known spa town. Naturally what is being discussed and negotiated there is a deep, dark secret. It may be assumed that reparations and debt payments comprise the topics of negotiation. The results will not immediately be given to the world. Certainly over the course of time the impact of these negotiations will become visible.

Another singificant event to be played out this month is the meeting of the League of Nations in Geneva. Acceptance as a member of the League is on the agenda. Since their failure last Spring the diplomats of all nations have been busy strengthening and improving their countries' positions. A second failure would prove a devastating blow for the entire structure of the League. It isn't impossible that this fact might be fully used by certain nations to force certain concessions leading to wide-reaching consequences. This is how Spain raised the question concerning the control of Tangiers. It wants to have the upper hand there. It's supported by Italy and contested by France and England. There's a lot at stake here. Tangiers can checkmate Gibraltar. It can break up the tie between France and its African colonies. It is a key point of the Mediterranean Sea. Therefore it should not be assumed that review of this issue recently at the meeting of the League of Nations was by accident.

Thus we see the interplay of a private conference on high finance of the world in Evian and a world conference of the League of Nations in Geneva. The latter would be called into life to protect and secure world peace. Whichever of the two conferences is more useful to this end is questionable. The people in finance want to secure their money. They achieve this most easily and beneficially by openly discussing the difficulties among themselves then finding the ways and means to retain peace among the populations. The League of Nations, which came into the world with the highest of ideals, is degenerating more and more into a horse-trader. The lofty goals of the League disappear more and more into the background and the self-serving goals of the participating nations are expanding. Under these circumstances not much can be expected for the benefit of mankind.

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We're looking for these People

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The Foreign Language Information Service has been asked by correspondents from outside the United States for help contacting the following people. Reports would be gratefully accepted by the Foreign Language Information Service at 222 4th Ave., New York City.

Bierfeld, Rudolf, musician by profession, was a violinist for the Weimar Opera House, arrived in New York May 1914.

Brandt, Emil, approximately 60 years of age and married; last known address in 1908: 3029 Carnegie Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.

David, Herr and wife Katherina, neé Dreit, from Sarastoff, supposedly residing in the State of Michigan.

Damaskus, Otto, born January 28, 1870 in Nickelshaben, Mohrungen Region, East Prussia; arrived around 21 years ago in the United States; supposedly resided in Philadelphia, Colorado, San Francisco and Chicago.

Dumkowski, Alex., also called Dumski, 48 years old; born in Lawsk-Grajewo, now Polish territory, emigrated in 1912 to America.

Hieber, Paul, born in Stuttgart, Germany, around 60 years old; mechanic by trade.

Lehnhardt, Fritz, also calls himself Fritz Lenert, born March 11, 1873 in Berlin, Germany; emigrated to America on the steamship Lahn on April 26, 1892; last known address: Box 88, Caldwell, N.Y.

Pruchneski, Joseph and his wife Antonie, neé Ludiszkowska; born in Posen; came to the United States around 40 years ago and resided in Baltimore.


September 10, 1926 page 10

Ever More Masculine

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The "Hindenburg Haricut" is the latest in Women's Fashion

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Basel — The latest in the field of women's fashion is the "Hindenburg Haircut." A women's hairdresser in Basel came up with the idea during the warm weather of cutting women's hair shorter. As expected, the hairdo rapidly became popular and today no one knows anymore whether he has a boy or a girl in front of him.

The "Hindenburg Haircut" differs little from the usual men's haircut. Cropped quite short in the back and razored at the base of the neck, the top cut so short that the hair no longer stays flat, rather it sticks up in the air like bristles.

This is the "Hindenburg" brushcut!


October 29, 1926 page 2

Women and the Rights of Citizenship

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Since September 22, 1922 a female foreigner no longer obtains the rights of citizenship by marrying an American citizen. A female foreigner who married an American citizen after this date must obtain citizenship on her own. The conditions under which she obtains it are somewhat easier than those for other foreigners. It often happens that foreign wives do not obtain citizenship beause they are of the mistaken inpression that it is enough that their husbands are citizens. Wives who do not have American citizenship suffer under many disadvantages, some of which are quite serious. For example, if she becomes a widow in some states of the Union she has no rights to a mother's pension. If she travels abroad she cannot obtain an American passport and in some cases cannot obtain a passport from her homeland's government since certain countries do not recognize women who married foreigners as citizens of their country. If a female foreigner becomes mentally disabled or suffers from a chronic illness under circumstances she can be deported. In the event of war she can be interned as a foreign national. She may not vote. There is another series of cases in which the wife and mother of an American citizen can find herself in difficulty. Each foreign wife should study this question long and hard and decide that it is not enough that her husband is an American citizen. If you'll exert some effort now, you'll save yourself a lot of unpleasantness later.

(Anyone who wants information on the naturalization process can obtain the booklet, "How to Become a Citizen of the United States," from the German Bureau of the Foreign Language Information Service, 222 Fourth Ave, New York for 25 cents.)


October 29, 1926 page 3

Frederick the Great and the Gold-Maker

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Even this great sceptic once took flight into superstition

To the surprising and totally new findings listed in the "Briefwechsel Friedrichs des Grossen mit seinem vormaligen Kammerdiener Fredersdorf" [Frederick the Great's Correspondence with his former valet, Fredersdorf,] collected and published by Johannes Richter, it's made known that even Frederick the Great participated in the attempt to make gold from base metal, which was a common practice in just about every royal court of the time. We're learning for the first time why the king permitted this practice along with proof that Fredersdorf, who started as a simple valet, became a confident to the king and even a facilitator for him in such things as selecting political agents, which had to be handled with absolute discretion and secrecy. Fredersdorf was steadfastly dedicated to the king. The letters, which were preserved in an archive of a Mecklenburg castle, came by accident to the attention of a historian, who was assigned with the task by the Prussian State Archives to assemble verified as genuine documents and provide critical commentary on the king's character, thus creating an extraordinarily important and new historical resource.

Concerning the attempt at alchemy, for which the king previously had only ridicule and scorn, Prussia felt threatened by an alliance between England, Russia, and Austria and feared war in 1754. A letter reveals that Fredersdorf was the driving force behind the king permitting at least one attempt at making gold, which turned out to be a very costly process since the alchemist required a large amount of raw material as well as much gold and silver to perform his experiments. Frederick's guiding thought, as he frequently expressed it, was how to keep his enemies unaware of his attempt to create gold so he could intensify his recruitment of mercenaries and discourage his enemies from implementing their plans to attack. He spoke of this many times and the letters to Fredersdorf due to their discrete character undoubtedly contain his real intentions. Before the final phase of the Second Silesian War Frederick wrote, "I would rather have peace than return home to Berlin with victory."

In the summer of 1753 Fredersdorf informed the king that due to certain mysterious symbols gold-maker Mrs. Nothnagel's formula was unfortunately uncipherable. The king responded with the remark (for the ailing Fredersdorf) that good health is better than all the treasure in the world. A few months later Frederick returned to the subject and ordered that if Mrs. Nothnagel can make gold this should be sent separately from other deliveries to the State Mint "so no one gets to look in the crate." Supposedly in September, after the alchemist had produced a piece of gold, drawing up a contract was considered and when a scientific investigation into the coins was conducted it was found that they were made of gold. Still the king was sceptical and feared "being made ridiculous before the world." And yet he did not hesitate from procuring the means to maintain the peace in his country. A passage in a letter leads one to suppose that this Berlin goldmaker had used mercury as the base ingredient. Recently even Professor Miethe maintained that he had manufactured gold in very small quantities.

During the examination of the gold there were weeks of painful waiting for the results. The king soon scoffed, "You see for yourself, instead of the three million which the woman wanted to make you get three to four dollars worth." He was soon in a hurry to know for certain and as a precaution insisted that any success remain a secret. Already the plan to acquire new troops took shape. There must be an assessment of the coins or there would be disappointment. In December 1753 the king wrote to Fredersdorf, who still believed in the gold-maker: "Just abandon your cooking for riches and let all gold-makers go to the devil!" The king's deciding letter, in which he told Fredersdorf of his regrets concerning involvement in such a costly procedure, states:

"I no longer believe in gold-makers. The Duke of Braunschweig feels the same. He told me he had over ten (gold-makers) being held in his fortress. I'm not so bad; I'll let her go. One mustn't give credence to such people! Out of 8 million Madame Nothnagel made 3 dollars, and heaven knows if it isn't just ordinary molten silver. You will be deceived again and eventually you will feel the same about these people. Remember the doctors who said they'd cure you in 4 weeks! Now that's gold-making.

"I've set fire to all my foolish plans; I'm very ashamed of myself and have knocked all those stupid follies out of my head. How easy it is to be gullible and allow yourself to be deceived; with a little practice this kind of individual can seduce others.

"I wanted to be bled today but I had to refrain from doing it due to a severe case of diarrhea. God protect you.                                           Friedrich."

Fredersdorf still continued such projects but only after he promised several times to send the king the results. However Frederick was eventually cured of his delusion and he let the deceiver go, unlike other princes who sent their alchemists to prison. His only difficulty was with tallying up the costs. As was learned later he did have contact with another gold-maker named Drop who only wanted his money. But Frederick, who had no money to cover the 8000 Thalers, which "he had very recklessly promised to pay," had to agree to installment payments in order to get out of the deal in a good way.

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Unusual Manifestations in the World of Birds

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According to J.H. Stenhouse in The Scottish Naturalist, on Island Fair between the Orkney and Shetland Islands the pechora pipit and paddyfield warbler were spotted during the autumn migration between September 24 and October 1, 1925. The pipit breeds in the high north and south to the Altai region. In winter it migrates in a southeasterly direction through the Baikal region and China then down to the Philippenes, the lesser and greater Sunda islands, the Celebes and the Moluccan islands. The paddyfield warbler us a more southern species. They breed in the Ural region and in various portions of Asia. In winter they gather in India east of Calcutta. Both birds were completely off their species normal migration course on Fair Island. Until now no western European has seen such migration. Whether this should be considered a harbinger of a new migration path or if these poor creatures went off-course due to adverse circumstances, we'll learn in the near future.

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Vienna. A while ago in Hietzing an engineer's wife was assaulted. A man, who identified himself as a chief inspector for the National Bank, gained entrance and told the woman subletting the residence that he could get her another apartment. Suddenly he assailed the woman, whose dog then attacked the assailant, causing him to flee. It was reported that the man, identified as Chief Inspector Karl Janachek, lived with a seamstress. They tried to arrest the man at his residence but he was not there and his landlady didn't know where he was. There was a tragic interlude with the suicide of the seamstress, whom he had promised to marry yet the date for the wedding was constantly postponed. The papers were filled at the National Bank however he couldn't get the time off. The man has now been arrested. He is a cabinet maker's assistant named Karl Bikel from Baden. In Munich he had been arrested under the name Karl Huber. Bikel had also identified himself as a police officer and dealt in the distribution of lottery tickets.

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Bregenz, Vorarlberg. Lately in a local hotel there has been a sensational love drama. Architect Hefel of Zurich was found dead of a bullet wound to the head. His office girl was severely injured. It appears she likewise has a head wound.


November 5, 1926 page 3

The Decision

Two frogs bickered back and forth
About who had the finer hide;
They went over to the stork
And asked him to decide.

"Very well," the stork said delighted.
He grabbed the first frog then his brother.
With a smack of his beak he decided,
One tasted as good as the other!


November 19, 1926 page 3

Germany by the Numbers

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Berlin (UTA). The new statistical yearbook for the German Empire (1926 edition) features some meaningful numbers. They indicate Germany's hardships and concerns, the results of its partitioning by the peace treaty, its pauperization and struggle to rise again. The numbers tell more than richly worded tomes. Here one can forecast the state of health in which the German people currently find themselves.

Surface Area and Population

The German Empire comprises a perimeter of 468,717.77 square kilometers with the Saar Region comprising 470,627.84 square kilometers. According to preliminary results of the June 16, 1925 census the population of the German Empire including the Saar Region is 63,338,753, of which over half is female. Despite the damages incurred during the war years there was a considerable increase in the population. The December 1, 1910 census for areas of the German Empire limited to the post-war regions totalled 58,450,353. Due to the peace treaty Germany lost 6,475,650 voters, almost 10 percent of the 1910 population in the German Empire. Of this almost 6.5 million only 3,481,939 indicated German as their mother language. 2,315,282 indicated Polish; 124,035 indicated Danish; 204,713 indicated French. *

In population density Germany stands near the top of the list of all countries. With 143.12 residents per square kilometer Germany's population density is three times greater than the European average of 41.7 residents per square kilometer. Belgium exceeds this number at 245.26 residents per square kilometer. Great Britain stands at 187.42 and the Netherlands at 200.73. Next in line is Italy at 125.04; France stands at 71.16 residents per square kilometer.

Population density corresponds to economic development through increased industrialization and

Population Fluctuations

The number of marriages maintained a tolerable average. There was a strong increase at the beginning of the post-war years and in 1920 reached a record high number not achieved since 1871 of 14.5 marriages per 1000 residents. However the number rapidly sank back to 7.1 per year in 1924 and rose insignificantly to 7.7 in 1926. Thus the average settled near the 1900-1910 rate of 8.0. The birthrate however experienced a regrettable decrease. Before the war the yearly average from 1871-1880 was 40.7; 1901-1910 the yearly average was 33.9; in 1914 it sank to 26.7. The first years after the war there was a steep increase when compared to the abnormally small birthrate during the war. From a high point of 26.7 in 1920 it sank to 21.1 in 1924 and rose again slightly in 1925 to 21.3. The low point of 1924 can be attributed to the unfortunate year of 1923.

Temporarily the falling birth rate has exceeded the death rate, which declined. In 1925 only 12.6 of 1000 residents died. In the last full year before the war, 1913 the death rate was 15.8. The average for 1900-1910 was 19.7. No less significant as these numbers are the advancements in medical knowledge and public santation, to which the great contribution to public health can be attributee. They are even more important given the current economic hardship and the impact of starvation during the war years and time of inflation.

There is also improvement in the rate of infant mortalities. For every 100 live births in the German Empire in 1925 10.5 deaths were reported. In 1921 the rate was 13.4 and in 1913 it was 16.1. National and local social service programs have paid off handsomely. But there's still more to do based on the fact that Belgium's rate is only 9.3, Denmark's is 8.3, France's is 8.9 and England's is only 7.5. The lowest of these rates are 5.6 in Sweden, 5.5 in Norway, and 5.0 in the Netherlands, all of which are not quite half of Germany's infant mortality rate.

There are very revealing numbers in the Statistical Yearbook's

Economic Indicators

It seems impossible to deal with the overwhelming number of statistics in a newspaper article, even half of the exhausting numbers reported concerning Germany's economy. Perhaps only the developments in the automobile industry in the most important nations should be addressed. In Germany in 1925 244 residents had an automobile yet Germany's number stands far greater than all other nations. In Great Britain residents had 60 , in France 71, in Sweden 95 and in Belgium 121 residents had an automobile. In America every sixth resident had an automobile.

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* Translator's note: Breakdown of June 25, 1925 population by region available here

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A Prison Idyll

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As the Parisian newspapers have reported, quite by accident an idyllic setting has been discovered at the St. Pierre Prison at Versailles. This is due to the kindhearted and humanitarian Warden M., who does not adhere to the strict code of order and discipline which must prevail in other similar facilities. The prison warden is entrusted with a few dozen transgressors, among whom are two prisoners who have especially aroused his benevolence. The first, accused of murder, is under pre-trial detention while the other is serving five years for larceny. The warden has an excellent arrangement with the two. They don't make his job difficult. They are cooperative and compliant in recognition for which M. grants them small favors now and again. In turn, they do not abuse his good nature.

Recently one evening the "eye of the law" was bored and decided to ask Prisoner Gauchard, the man accused of murder, to a game of "Sixty-Six". Since there were no decks of cards on hand the warden suggested to his charge that they go to the coffeehouse near the prison and play cards there. A deputy was needed for the conscientious main jailor. The warden didn't think twice. He grabbed his friend, the thief, from his cell and assigned him to go in with him as deputy for the next two hours. The thief was happy and the two inmates went peacefully to the cafe. The warden knew that he had not placed his trust in the unworthy. The replacement deputy didn't make any attempt to take advantage of the favorable situation and flee. And when the warden returned with his playmate shortly before midnight he made the standard announcment that nothing unusual had occurred. The men shook hands, said good night and sought out the more or less comfortable sleeping chamber. Everything would have gone by without incident if a patrolman had not by chance passed by the prison and seen the remarkable departure and then the "good-nights" at the open door. Thus the all-too-human prison master was not spared the bitter recognition of the authorities who did not appreciate his attempts at prison reform.

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The Piano-Record

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An unusual thing has happened in the United States: Not only are there boxing matches which gain the attention of the entire world. There is another significant match. Recently a battle was fought on the piano. It was to establish who could stay the longest on the piano forte not just as a listener but as a player. A man named Burt carried the victory — He played for 60 hours with only one brief break. Moreover the American newspapers assure that he played beautifully. Burt smoked a thick cigar during the entire 60 hour performance, which was also a record. However he could neither light it himself nor take it in or out of his mouth since his hands could not leave the keyboard. Good friends who stood near him helped him with the cigar, treating him like a child, so that he could just play, and spit when necessary.

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Göttingen, Hannover. The grand jury court convicted Mayor Lohrmann of Salzhelden to 1 year in prison for document fraud while in office.


November 26, 1926 page 5

Speed Photopgraphy in Germany

The fastest in speed photography has been shown in Berlin by a firm which has a dark room made up on a motor cycle side car. Photographs are taken from the conning tower, developed in the dark roon and are ready when they arrive at the central office.


December 3, 1926 page 1

Lufthansa

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Initiating some interesting innovations in their operations

Berlin — In the Berlin - Amsterdam - London service of Lufthansa German Airlines some innovations have been introduced in order to offer their passengers greater comfort. Not only is pleasant conversation possible but a panoramic view is assured, naturally only when the weather permits. Moreover all the planes will avoid the jostling which take-offs and landings have caused in the past.

To benefit the throats and vocal chords of the passengers new machinery has been installed in the cabins which act like telephone booths. The aircraft builders have also succeeded in dampening the deafening noise from the motors and propellers in the cabins which lead to substantial increases in vocal volume.

The addition of an observation cabin, which allows the passengers a 360 degree view over the land they are flying, was achieved by a new arrangement of the cabin and wings. The wings have been placed on the upper portion of the fuselage. Previously they extended from the bottom portion of the plane.

Three motors are installed in the newer model Lufthansa airplanes, which are made entirely of metal. Two propellers are suspended from the wings and can generate in total 750 horsepower with a velocity of 124 miles per hour.

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Shaw's Nobel Prize

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Endowed by him for the Advancement of Intellectual Exchange

Following the precedence established by Theodore Roosevelt, George Bernard Shaw has endowed the monetary purse associated with his 1925 Nobel Prize to Sweden and the British Isles to encourge fellowship and discourse in literature and the arts.

"President Roosevelt received the Nobel Prize purse for $40,000 for his efforts to end the war between Russia and Japan. He gave the money to a foundation for the advancement of industrial peace. The prize in literature usually amounts to $35,000.

"'While he accepted the Nobel Prize but not the money Mr. Shaw could not refrain from exercising his famous sharp wit. The greater portion of the paper issued in Sweden where the Nobel Prize is awarded by the Swedish Academy in Stockholm comes from Great Britain,' Mr. Shaw declared. 'There's nothing printed on it and it's primarily used to wrap Australian apples.'

"He then suggested that the monetary prize should be put into a fund for sending Swedish books to England and supporting organizations which work towards the intellectual exchange between Sweden and Great Britain.

"'My readers and audience provide me with more than enough money for my needs,' he wrote, 'and as to my reputation, it's bigger than what is good for my intellectual health.
Under these circumstances money is a life jacket thrown to the swimmer who has alreadly reached the shore safely.'"

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—Facundi Bacardi, co-owner of the firm which produces the famous Bacardi Rum, died a couple of weeks ago in Havanna and has left behind a fortune of 50 million dollars.

—The U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, D,C,, the highest court in the country, has decided that the German Mark, as it was valued at the time, and the debt incurred by our entry into the World War, shall also be the valuation used in repayment. How this decision will be practically applied is somewhat unclear.


December 10, 1926 page 8

Adam Metzger dead

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Civil War Veteran and Former Grand Bard of the State of New York
German Order of the Harugari was 85 years old.

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Mr. Adam Metzger of 218 Castle St., long-time well known and beloved member of his city's German community and club circle, has gone to heavenly reward. At the age of 85 he passed away at 11 o'clock Tuesday evening within the circle of his family. Always physically fit in the past, Mr. Metzger suffered from heart disease, which became his undoing.

Adam Metzger was born in Gimbsheim, Hessen-Darmstadt on May 12, 1841 and came with his parents to Syracuse in 1854 at the age of 13. At the outbreak of the Civil War (1861) the young man dedicated all his efforts to "Old Glory" and fought in the trenches for the Union. He and his brother Philip joined the 101th Regiment, Company H in September 1861 each as 1 of 4 corporals in Captain Peter Oneth's Company. With the regiment they fought in the Seven Days Battle under General McClellan. Only 365 men of the regiment returned home so they were melded with the 37th Regiment with both brothers advancing as 2nd sergeants. Adam Metzger took part of all the reported battles fought by this regiment.

After the war he learned carpentry with Amos Mason, for whom he worked for 16 years. In 1882 under Postmaster A.C.Chafe he obtained a position in the local post office. His loyal and conscientious sense of duty is indicated by his 39 years of service as Superintendent of "General Delivery" under seven of Uncle Sam's Postmasters.

Even in social and organizational circles Adam Metzger was one of those people who was always interested in social interaction and the wellbeing of his fellow human beings. He held many honorary positions. He was the co-founder of the Lilly Post No. 66, Grand Army of the Republic where he held every office and was active for 40 years as quartermaster. For 30 years he was an active member of the Syracuse Liederkranz, where he functioned as an honorary member until his death. He was devoted to German song. He belonged to the Lutheran St. Peter's Church as a member. He was its president under five pastors. He is an honorary member of the St. Peter's Brotherhood.

Mr. Metzger became a Harugari in 1872. He is a charter member of the German Watch Lodge and a founder and honorary member of the Humboldt Lodge.

In the Watch Lodge he held all offices. In 1844 he was elected Grand Bard of the State, winning the victory over Mr. Müller, an outstanding member of the Harugari Order in New York. Three times he was elected as representative to the United States Grand Lodge.

He was Grand Master of the Commandery No. 4, D.R. [German Knights?] since its founding and a member of the Valhalla Mannie as well as the German Pioneers Society, the Knights of Pythias, and the Postal Clerk Association.

The deceased was a true German and used his mother tongue until his death. In him the German community has lost a valiant champion.

He leaves behind his widow, Mrs. Elisabeth Metzger, with whom last year he celebrated 60 years of marriage. He has three sons, Adam P., William B. and Louis A. Metzger in Hartford, Conn.; also a brother, Jacob Metzger in Elmira, N.Y. and 6 grandchildren.

The burial proceeds today, Friday afternoon at 2 P.M. from the house in mourning and at 2:30 from St. Peter's Church to the Woodlawn Cemetery under the guidance of Rev. Henry M. Schröder. Members of the German Watch Lodge will act as pallbearers.

May he rest in peace!

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— Sunday Evening, Liederkranz concert in the Wieting Opera House. No German should miss it.


December 10, 1926 page 9

Why Americans are unloved in France.

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It's certainly not the huge difference in exchange rate between the Dollar and the French Franc which causes the French to speak more or less badly about the Americans visiting Paris. If that were the case they'd look just as disapprovingly at the Dutch and the Swedish, whose currencies keep pace with the Dollar. Americans have a certain mentality which at the very least irritates the French, especially when this mindset is presented in their midst. So writes the Parisian correspondent for a Holland newspaper.

Imagine, he relates for clarification, someone eating his daily meal in his usual restaurant, which is a moderately priced establishment. He's in the company of several other guests, who are satisfied with the fare, simple but solid food appreciated by the local citizenry. Hungrily he enjoys his cutlets. Then an American with a large dog comes in. He sits at a nearby table, looks around at what's being eaten at his neighbor's table, and sees the cutlets. They look good to him so without looking at the menu he calls the waiter over, points at his neighbor's plate and says "Bring me that." The neighbor finds this behavior rude but he thinks that its probably the only option open to an American who can't understand the words on the menu. The waiter brings the cutlet. The American takes the dish with the cutlet on it, shoves the meat on his plate, and puts the plate on the floor for his dog, who gulps down the meat in two huge bites. With wide eyed wonder the waiter looks around and waits for what the American will order for himself. But no, for himself he orders nothing. The restaurant isn't good enough for him yet sufficient for his dog. He going to a "better" restaurant. He stands up, tosses a banknote to the waiter, and doesn't look to see if he has any change coming back.

This actually happened today in a restaurant in Faubourg-Montmartre.

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Famous Jewels Disappear

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When the famous Conde Pink Diamond, recently stolen from the Chateau de Chantilly, is sold by the thieves they will only be able to do it by cutting it up, thus losing a large portion of its value. In this manner several famous jewels throughout history have disappeared or have had their form so changed that no one any longer recognizes them. The most celebrated jewel in the world was the Grand Mogul, pride of an Indian emperor in the 17th century. According to romantic accounts it was divided up and today no one knows for sure if lives on as the "Kohinur" diamond in the British crown or the currently missing "Orloff" of the Tsarina. Thus many of these remarkable jewels of the past may well be leading an unknown existence in the treasure chambers of a Maharaja since passion for the sparkle of jewels is intrinsic to the oriental mindset. And many world-famous stones may make their way back to the west. The Sanoy Diamond, once being one of the greatest treasures of Queen Elisabeth of England then pawned by the wife of Charles I, went through many ups and downs including being stolen during the Revolution. It is currently in the jewel chamber of the Maharaja of Patiala. Other famous stones including the so-called Akbar Shah and the emerald once held in Dresden are now in the possession of Gaekwar of Baroda. The new Persian Shah, Riza Khan, now calls the double wristband once called the "King of Kings" his own. It has two jewels known as the "Sea of Light" and the "Crown of the Moon,"


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Translation by Susan Kriegbaum-Hanks